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Adapted from "Captain Harmon T. Utter, United States Navy" [biography, dated 16 July 1958] in Biographies, 20th century collection, Navy Department Library.

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Wars & Conflicts
  • World War II 1939-1945
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Harmon Tischer Utter

25 August 1909 - 14 August 1958

1932 Lucky Bag class photograph of Harmon T. Utter.

Harmon Tischer Utter born in Neville, Ohio, on 25 August 1909, son of James O. and Emma S. (Tischer) Utter. He attended New Richmond (Ohio) High School, and the Marion (Alabama) Institute, prior to his appointment to the US Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, from the Sixth District of his native state in 1928. Graduated and commissioned Ensign on 2 June 1932, he subsequently advanced in rank, attaining that of Captain, to date from 1 January 1951.

Following graduation from the Naval Academy in 1932, he joined the USS Salt Lake City and served as Gunnery Observer with Scouting Squadron Nine until detached in January 1935. Ordered to the Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, he had flight training there, receiving the designation, Naval Aviator on 30 April 1936. He remained at the Pensacola Air Station until June of that year, when reported aboard USS Ranger for duty with aviation units attached to that aircraft carrier. In December 1937 he transferred to Cruiser Scouting Squadron FOUR, aviation unit of the USS Northampton.

Returning to the United States, he was an Instructor at the Naval Air Station, Pensacola, from June 1939 to September 1940, after which he had similar duty until June 1941 at the Naval Air Station, Miami, Florida. He then joined Patrol Squadron ONE HUNDRED AND ONE, and was serving with that squadron, based on Manila, Philippine Islands, when the United States entered World War II, 8 December 1941. "For extraordinary flying achievement …on December 10, 1941…” he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, the citation continuing in part: “Despite the fact that the plane was heavily laden with a torpedo and bombs, his skillful landing of his injured plane in a heavy sea without further injury to it or its personnel, made it possible to have the plane in service again on the following day.”

From September 1942 to May 1943 he was Training Officer on the staff of Commander Fleet Air Wing NINE, after which he served as Officer in Charge of the Aviation Detail at the Naval Torpedo Test Range, Montauck Point, Long Island, New York. In June 1944 he became Commander Carrier Air Group EIGHTY THREE, attached to the USS Essex, and for outstanding services in that command was awarded the Navy Cross, and the Legion of Merit, with Combat “V.” The citations follow in part:

Navy Cross: “For extraordinary heroism as Task Group Strike Commander and Air Coordinator of flights of planes launched from carriers of Task Force FIFTY EIGHT, in action against major units of the Japanese Fleet in the East China Sea on April 7, 1945. Braving intense antiaircraft fire from the enemy fleet, Commander Utter coordinated the strike despite adverse weather conditions and, skillfully leading his planes, pressed home an attack which resulted in the sinking of a Japanese forces in the Pacific War Area from March 18 to August 12, 1945…AS Task Force Coordinator of the airborne strike against an enemy battleship in Yokosuka Naval Base on July 18, he skillfully directed the attack which resulted in the serious damaging of this vessel. By his tireless efforts, initiative and unremitting devotion to duty, he contributed materially to the success of his air group in the Pacific…”

He was awarded the Air Medal with Gold Stars in lieu of the Second and Third Air Medals and a Gold Star in lieu of the Second Distinguished Flying Cross, for meritorious achievement in completing his fifth, tenth, fifteenth, and twentieth strike missions in the vicinity of Nansei Shoto and Kyushu respectively, covering the period March 18 to May 18, 1945. He is also entitled to the Ribbon for, and a facsimile of the Presidential Unit Citation awarded the USS Essex.

Detached from command of Air Group EIGHTY THREE in September 1945, he reported the next month as Air Officer of the USS Leyte. He remained aboard that aircraft carrier until May 1947, and in June became Assistant Director of Training on the staff of the Chief of Naval Air Training, Cabaniss Field, Corpus Christi, Texas, after which he attended the course at the Armed Forces Staff College, Norfolk, Virginia.

In February 1950 he joined the staff of Commander Air Force, US Atlantic Fleet, and in March 1952 transferred to the staff of Commander Naval Striking and Support Forces, Southern Europe. He continued to serve in that assignment until September 1953, when he became Commanding Officer of the Naval Air Station, Anacostia, DC. He commanded the USS Monterey from January to September 1955, when he reported as Chief of Staff and Aide to Commander Task Group 7.3. In April 1957 he assumed command of the USS Wasp and in April of the next year was ordered to duty at the Field Command, Armed Forces Special Weapons Project, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

In addition to the Navy Cross, Legion of Merit with Combat “V”, Distinguished Flying Cross with Gold Star, Air Medal with two Gold Stars, and the Presidential Unit Citation Ribbon, Captain Utter had the American Defense Service Medal; World War II Victory Medal; Navy Occupation Service Medal; National Defense Service Medal; and the Philippine Defense Ribbon.

His official home address was in Neville, Ohio. He was married to the former Georgianna Parks of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Captain Utter passed away 14 August 1958 in Erick, Oklahoma.


Published: Wed Mar 06 11:09:27 EST 2019