Naval History and Heritage Command

Naval History and Heritage Command

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First Naval Vessel with Electric Lights—Trenton


Trenton in Far Eastern port

Trenton in a Far Eastern port, circa 1883–1886. The original print is a letterpress reproduction of a photograph, published circa the 1880s by the Photo-Gravure Company, New York. It bears the name of the noted marine photographer E.H. Hart, 1162 Broadway, New York City. U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command photograph. Catalog#: NH 63406.


The first installation of electric lights in a U.S. Navy warship took place during the summer of 1883. Earlier that spring, seven electric power companies were asked by the Bureau of Navigation to submit bids for installing lights in Trenton, then berthed at the New York Navy Yard in Brooklyn. Only one, the Edison Company for Isolated Lighting, submitted a bid of $5,500 to install one L dynamo & one Armington-Sims engine complete to supply light via insulated wiring to 104 16-candle power lamps, 130 10-candle power lamps, and four 32-candle power lamps. The ensuing contract also included 238 key sockets, six extra brushes, one automatic regulator and one dynamo foundation. Lieutenant Commander R. B. Bradford, executive officer of the ship, oversaw the installation of the equipment in Trenton between 7 June and 21 August 1883. Due to the need to maintain the engine and dynamo, the system only ran at night.

Other than minor wiring problems, the initial trial during Trenton's service on the Asiatic Station was a success, and in 1884, the Bureau of Navigation decided to install lights in AtlantaBoston and Omaha. The installation for these ships were, respectively, the U.S. Electric Lighting Company of New York, the Brush Electric Company of Cleveland, and the Consolidated Electric Light Company of New York.

In 1886, the Bureau of Navigation reported, “[t]his method of lighting ships of war, owing to the small amount of heat given off, the absence of disagreeable odors, and the more perfect illumination, adds much to the health and comfort of the officers and men, tends to make them contented and happy during their long absences from home and friends, promotes discipline and prevents crime.”  

Sources

Annual Report of the Secretary of the Navy for the Year 1883. vol.1 (Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1883): 244

Annual Report of the Secretary of the Navy for the Year 1884. vol.1 (Washington DC: Government Printing Office 1884): 137.

Annual Report of the Secretary of the Navy for the Year 1886. (Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1886): 152.

Thompson, Edgar K. “The First Light.” US Naval Institute Proceedings 80, no.12 (Dec. 1954): 1390-91. 7 March 2002

Published: Wed Dec 18 08:03:47 EST 2019