On 25 June 1950, the ships in the Naval Forces Far East (NAVFE) consisted of “one cruiser, four destroyers, four amphibious ships, one submarine, ten minesweepers, and a frigate attached from the Australian navy.”[i] Within the first 48 hours, the Seventh Fleet was assigned to NAVFE. Of the 15 foreign countries in the United Nations (UN) other than the United States and South Korea that participated in this conflict, eight of those countries sent more than 100 vessels to be assigned to the U.S. Command Far East. These vessels combined with NAVFE were organized into four separate task forces (TF): TF 77, the carrier strike force; TF 95, the blockade-and-escort force; TF 96, Naval Forces, Japan; and TF 90, the Far East Amphibious Force.[ii]
Their operations were a well-orchestrated coordinated effort that demonstrated the effectiveness of seaborne mobility of the U.S. Navy and its UN allies.[iii] Within the first month, they had accomplished their first objective of establishing control of the seas around Korea. Their neutralization of the enemy threat at sea allowed the commanders aboard the ships of the U.S. Navy to focus on support for land operations. Ships of the U.S. Navy served as platforms for coastal operations including the invasion at Inchon and the evacuation from Hungnam.
Aircraft from carriers supported to land operations and destroyed inland targets in an effort to disrupt enemy supply and communication lines. Battleships, cruisers, and destroyers formed a “bombline” firing on inland targets in support of combat operations. Along the coast, minesweepers worked to clear shipping lanes and harbors for coastal and amphibious operations. Each vessel in the U.S. Navy assigned the waters around Korea had a role in service of the troops serving onshore and offshore.
[i] U. S. Navy Special Operations in the Korean War, https://www.history.navy.mil/content/history/nhhc/research/library/online-reading-room/title-list-alphabetically/u/usnavy-special-operations-korean-war.html (accessed 19 Jan 2020).
[ii] U. S. Navy Special Operations in the Korean War, https://www.history.navy.mil/research/library/online-reading-room/title-list-alphabetically/u/usnavy-special-operations-korean-war.html#10 [accessed 21 Jan 20210].
[iii] https://www.history.navy.mil/our-collections/art/travelling-exhibits/remembering-the-forgotten-war-korea-1950-1953.html [accessed 21 JAN 2021].