Pirate interdiction and the U.S. Navy have a long history that goes all the way back to the early years of the nation when President Thomas Jefferson found himself involved in one of the first conflicts overseas known as the First Barbary War. Algerine (Barbary) pirates were attacking American merchant ships in full force. Jefferson had no choice but to deploy forces to protect American interests and the free flow of commerce. Commodores Stephen Decatur and Edward Preble would emerge as some of the names synonymous with American counterpiracy operations for years to come.
In the summer of 2007, modern-day piracy off the coast of Somalia became a real issue for the United States. Somali pirates hijacked M/V Danica White—a Danish cargo ship—in June and spent 83 days in captivity until the Danish Foreign Ministry paid a ransom of 753,000 pounds ($1.5 million) for the release of the ship and crew. Not only did the pirates hit it rich, but they also started increasing the number of attacks and hijackings off the Horn of Africa.
Probably the most well-known incident in recent history with the U.S. and pirates was on 7 April 2009, when M/V Maersk-Alabama, under Capt. Richard Phillips, was hijacked 250 nautical miles off the Somali coast. USS Bainbridge was quickly deployed and a SEAL (Sea, Air, Land) team carried out a daring rescue on 12 April after it was determined that Phillips life was in danger. The incident would leave three pirates killed and Phillips and his crew rescued. The incident made the big screen in the 2013 film “Captain Phillips.”
Below are a number of resources related to U.S. Navy anti-piracy operations that are located on Naval History and Heritage Command’s website. There is also information from other sources such as the U.S. Navy and the National Archives.