US Navy. Office of Naval Operations. Naval District Manual, 1927. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1927.
The Navy Department Library
Naval District Manual
Navy Department: 1927
Naval District Manual
Navy Department: 1927
Office of Naval Operations
Naval District Manual
Government Printing Office
The Naval District
Administration and Organization of District and General Duties of Commandant
Purpose of the District Manual
Mission of the Commandant of a Naval District
The Naval District Organization
War Organization of the Staff of the Commandant
Cooperation with the Army and the United Stated Fleet
Naval Transportation Service
General Service Activities
Local Service Activities
Washington, D.C., July 19, 1927
The following revised Naval District Manual, prepared by the Office of Naval Operations, in accordance with articles 74 (1) (h) and 75 (9), United States Navy Regulations, 1920, is published for the information and guidance of naval district commandants and those under their command. This publication supersedes Naval District Manual, 1921.
Admiral, U.S. Navy,
Chief of Naval Operations.
Curtis D. Wilbur,
Secretary of the Navy.
I. The Naval District
1. The naval district is a military and administrative command ashore, established for the purpose of decentralizing the Navy Department's functions with respect to the control of the coastwise sea communications and the shore activities outside the department proper, and for the further purpose of centralizing under one command:
(a) For military coordination, all naval activities, and
(b) For administrative coordination, all naval activities with specific exceptions, within the district and the waters thereof.
2. The limits of the naval districts are laid down in article 1480, Navy Regulations. Those limits extend to seaward so far as to include the coastwise sea lanes (art. 1486 (1), Navy Regulations).
3. "Each naval district shall be commanded by a designated commandant, who is the direct representative of the Navy Department, including its bureaus and offices, in all matters affecting district activity." (Art. 1481, Navy Regulations.)
II. Administration and Organization of District and General Duties of Commandant as Laid Down in Navy Regulations
4. Regulations for the general administration, by the commandant, of the several activities within the limits of his command are laid down in articles 1481 and 1482, Navy Regulations.
5. Succession to command of the district is laid down in article 1483, Navy Regulations. General duties: Supervision and responsibility in all matters affecting the dispositions and operations of command; cooperation with Army commanders and commanders of the fleet forces within the district; command and administration of the Naval Reserve within the district; maintenance of information and communication services; inspection of units and coordination of their work; intercourse with Government, State, and foreign officials, and authority to administer oaths, are covered in article 1484, Navy Regulations.
6. Regulations for the organization of the naval district are laid down in article 1485, Navy Regulations.
7. The mission of the commandant of a naval district in coast defense, together with regulations governing the tactical and strategical direction of forces within the district in the event of enemy attack, and regulations governing cooperation with the Army, are laid down in article 1486, Navy Regulations.
8. Regulations governing the appointment of and duties of joint Army and Navy planning committees, and the appointment of district liaison officers, are laid down in General Order No. 103 of April 18, 1923.
III. Purpose of the District Manual
9. The cited regulations describe the general organization and administration of naval districts. This manual contains more detailed instructions for the guidance of commandants, based upon Navy Regulations and General Orders, for the purpose of securing conformity in all districts to certain general principles of organization. Where existing departmental regulations and instructions lay down the internal organization of an activity under the commandant, it is not the purpose of the manual to change the same. The manual will be restricted to the organization of the district. Commandants are authorized to prepare district regulations for their districts based upon the manual, but adapting the general principles enunciated in it to special situations existing in their districts.
IV. The Mission of the Commandant of a Naval District
10. In time of war the mission of the commandant of a naval district is to control the sea communications within the district, repulsing hostile attacks on the seacoast or upon naval vessels or merchant shipping in or off harbors or in the coastwise sea lanes; and to serve and support the United States Fleet and the Naval Transportation Service.
11. The Chief of Naval Operations and the officers responsible for the preparation of the contributory war plans will furnish to the commandant of each naval district data upon which to base his plans for the organization and operation of the Local Defense Forces, and for the service to and support of the United States Fleet, Naval Transportation Service, and Local Defense Forces for each campaign.
12. The Chief of Naval Operations will also furnish to the commandant of each naval district the department's approved plans for the development of the bases and other activities within his district.
13. In support of the war mission, it is the duty of the commandant of a naval district in time of peace:
(a) To organize the district to carry on peace operations efficiently and to expand smoothly and readily upon mobilization so as to execute efficiently the war mission.
(b) To prepare plans for the organization and operation upon mobilization of new activites as required in his district to meet the requirements of the war mission.
(c) To confer as necessary with Army commanders and with the representatives of other Government departments within his district so that his plan of organization for war will be at all times complete and ready for immediate application.
V. The Naval District Organization
14. "The district shall be organized into units or groups according to the character of their activities and situation, each group or unit under the command of an officer responsible for all activities within the group or unit. The district commandant shall not personally supervise the details of work or administration of these separate groups or commands but will transact necessary business with the officer commanding." (Art. 1485 (1), Navy Regulations.) This principle applies also to other activities, of which the person in charge is not entitled, "commanding officer."
15. "These groups or commands will be coordinate and every effort will be made to develop complete cooperation and intercommunication between them in matters requiring joint action. Correspondence between groups shall not be routed through the commandant, who shall be kept informed by the commanding officers only as to matters of administration and general interest, and the commanding officers are responsible that matters of interest to the commandant are brought within his knowledge." (Art. 1485 (2), Navy Regulations.)
16. "The organization should establish between the commandant of the district and the commanding officers of the various groups included in his command relations similar to those which exist between a commander in chief afloat and the various units of his command." (Art. 1485 (3), Navy Regulations.)
17. When the commandant of a naval district is also the commandant of a navy yard, naval training station, or naval operating base, he shall keep the organization and administrative records of the district separate from those of the subsidiary activity. The district plan of organization for war shall show the district commandant as commanding the district, but not the other activity.
18. The activities of a naval district fall into five general categories:
(a) Combatant activities, comprising the district local defense forces, entitled the Operating Forces.
(b) Operations activities, comprising the operation of vessels of the Naval Transportation Service within the limits of the district, the district commandant acting for the Director, Naval Transportation Service, in this duty.
(c) Logistic activities, comprising all activities of the district whose function is to build and repair vessels, or to supply the Fleet, Naval Transportation Service, and Local Defense Forces with either material or personnel. In this category are included naval operating bases; navy yards; naval stations; supply, fuel, and ammunition depots; naval hospitals; training stations and activities; receiving ships and barracks; and the recruiting service; inspection offices and hydrographic offices; and submarine and destroyer bases and air stations. Submarine bases, destroyer bases, and air stations whose principal function is in support of active war operations of local defense forces will, however, be classed as belonging to the combatant activities and will be placed thereunder.
(d) General service activities, comprising two services, the Naval Communication Service and the Naval Intelligence Service, conducted in part within each district, but serving the whole Naval Establishment.
(e) Local service activities, comprising independent activities rendering service to other district activities, but not comprehended within any one of them. In this categories are included:
(1) Medical service to activities not having a medical officer attached. (When feasible this will be provided by calling upon an activity having medical officer. When not feasible it may be provided by establishing a district dispensary, or visiting medical officer.)
(2) Accounting, purchasing, and disbursing when accomplished by an office independent of any other activity.
(3) The construction of public works and public utilities for activities that have not a public works officer attached.
(4) Repairs and preservation of public works and public utilities of activities that have not a public works officer attached.
(5) General shore transportation for activities, including district headquarters, not themselves supplied with transportation facilities.
(6) General water transportation, tugs, barges, and lighters, retained under direct control of district commandant and not assigned to operating forces or to any other district activity.
(7) The general procurement of civilian personnel for the shore establishment, including their distribution and welfare, includes naval control of procurement of civilian personnel for commercial activities operating for the Navy in war, either under contract or commandeering order.
19. The plan of organization of each of these five categories of activities will be discussed in Section VIII, the Operating Forces; Section IX, the Naval Transportation Service; Section X, the Logistic Activities; Section XI, the General Service Activities; and Section XII, the Local Service Activities.
VI. The War Organization of the Staff of the Commandant
20. In considering the organization of the staff of the commandant of a district for war, it should be borne in mind that the same principle expressed in article 1485 (1), Navy Regulations - that the district commandant shall not personally supervise the detail of work or administration of the units or groups into which the district is organized, but shall transact necessary business with the officer commanding - applies equally to the officers of the staff, who should not, therefore, be placed in command of or in charge of any unit or group of the district organization. The function of an officer of the staff is, under the commandant, supervisory, inspectional, and coordinative, but does not extend to the performance of administrative details within the authority of any commander or officer in charge of a district unit of organization, nor to the point of assuming command, or charge, of a unit.
21. The application of this principle precludes the establishment of administrative departments directly under the command or charge of members of the staff of a district commandant in their capacity as officers of the staff. But it does not preclude the establishment of all necessary administrative units or group, as contemplated by article 1485 (1), Navy Regulations, as may be required for the conduct of the business of the district. Such units, if established, will generally be found to fall under the classification local Service Activities.
22. An officer of the staff of the district commandant may, however, be ordered to additional duty in command of or in charge of an administrative unit or group of a naval district as defined in article 1485 (1), Navy Regulations, in specific cases where economy of personnel is of importance. In submitting plans for the war organizations of his district, the commandant shall indicate the necessity for such additional duties in each case; and the plan of organization shall show the duty in command or in change of the unit or activity as separate and distinct from the staff duty.
23. Two apparent exception are made to the rule laid down in paragraphs 20 and 21 above. The district intelligence service and the district communication service are so intimately connected with the command and coordinate functions of the district commandant that an officer of the staff should be placed in full administrative charge of each.
24. There are two purely staff activities which are not named in the classification of district activities, paragraph 18 above. These are planning and the rendering of technical legal service. Their performance by appropriate staff officers is necessary.
25. In accordance with the above principles, the type plan of the war organization of the staff of the commandant of a naval district, Plate I, has been prepared. This will be regarded as the normal plan of war organization, to be adhered to except where changes are authorized by the department to meet special local conditions.
26. The district intelligence officer shall be in administrative charge of the district intelligence service. He shall, under the commandant, maintain close liaison with the Office of Naval Intelligence; with the intelligence service of adjacent naval activities; with the intelligence service of the district operating forces; and with the representatives within the district of the Military Intelligence Division, United States Army; the Bureau of Investigation, Department of Justice; Postal Inspection Service, Post Office Department; the customs officials and Secret Service of the Treasury Department; the Immigration and Naturalization Bureaus of the Department of Labor; and the State and municipal police within the district.
27. The United States Army liaison officer shall consult and advise the district commandant upon all matters affecting cooperation of the naval forces and activities of the district with the United States Army.
28. The district war plans officer, under the commandant, shall prepare the general war plans of the district in cooperation with the Army officers who are correspondingly charged with such plans; and shall inspect, supervise, and coordinate the preparation of the detailed plans of the activities of the district for use in war. He shall be a member of the principal permanent local joint planning committee of the district.
29. The district operations officer shall, under the commandant, inspect, supervise, and coordinate the district operating forces, and coordinate their operations with the operations of the fleet or detachments thereof within the waters of the district and with the Army forces within the district. He shall particularly keep the commandant advised at all times as to what naval officer would assume strategical direction of all naval forces, in accordance with article 1486 (2), Navy Regulations, in the event of an enemy attack; and as to the application of the principle of paramount interest to the determination of whether the Army or the Navy shall coordinate the operations of the two forces against enemy attack, in accordance with article 1486 (4). He shall have an assistant, entitled Director of District Craft, who shall be charged, under the district operations officer, with inspecting, supervising, and coordinating the service, within the district, rendered by all harbor floating facilities not assigned to the operating forces, to an operating base or other activity, or to the district salvage force; and with the coordination of such service rendered by the harbor floating facilities of the operating forces or operating bases or other activities when required by the commandant for district service.
30. The port director(s), Naval Transportation Service, shall assist the district commandant in the local operations and administration of the Naval Transportation Service, in accordance with the "Instructions for Vessels of the Naval Transportation Service."
31. The district communication officer shall be in administrative charge of the district communication service. He shall, under the commandant, inspect, supervise, and coordinate communication activities within the district in accordance with the "Communication Instructions, United States Navy." He shall have as an assistant, the District Radio Material Officer.
32. The district personnel officer shall, under the commandant, inspect, supervise, and coordinate all naval personnel activities within the district except those assigned to the district medical officer. In this work he shall have the following assistants:
(a) Director of Procurement, charged under the district personnel officer, with the inspection, supervision, and coordination of activities engaged in the procurement of naval personnel, including reserve personnel.
(b) Director of Training, charged under the district personnel officer with the inspection, supervision, and coordination of all naval training activities in the district except Medical Corps training.
(c) Director of Distribution, charged under the district personnel officer with the inspection, supervision, and coordination of all activities, within the district employed in the distribution of naval personnel.
33. The district civilian personnel officer shall, under the commandant, supervise, and coordinate all civilian personnel procurement, distribution, and warfare agencies within the district.
34. The district medical officer shall, under the commandant, inspect, supervise, and coordinate all medical activities within the district, including those engaged in the training of personnel of the Medical and Dental Corps and of the Hospital Corps men and nurses; and shall make recommendation to the commandant as to the distribution of enlisted men of the Hospital Corps.
35. The district marine officer shall advise the commandant as to the strength of marine details assigned to units of the district, and shall assist him in the coordination of Marine Corps forces of the district in accordance with the general plan of the military defense of the district.
36. The district material officer shall, under the commandant, inspect, supervise, and coordinate all material activities within the public works officers, including all activities engaged in conversion and repair work on ships; and all salvage operations within the district. In this work he shall have the following assistants:
(a) Director of Conversion and Repair Work, who shall, under the district material officer, be charged with the coordination of all activities performing conversion and repair work on naval ships and naval transportation service ships.
(b) Director of Salvage, who shall, under the district material officer, coordinate the activities of the district in marine salvage work.
(c) Additional assistants as required.
37. The district supply officer shall, under the commandant, inspect, supervise, and coordinate all supply, purchasing, disbursing, commissary, accounting, salvage (except marine salvage), and commandeering activities within the district. The details of commandeering and liquidating commandeered property shall be in accordance with instructions to be prepared by the Bureau of Supplies and accounts for inclusion in the Manual of the Supply Corps.
38. The district public works officer shall, under the commandant, inspect, supervise, and coordinate the public-works activities of the district.
39. The district legal officer shall advise the commandant upon legal matters, and furnish the necessary legal assistance to other officers of the staff. He shall have the following assistants:
(a) Assistant in charge of civil matters, charged with the preparation for reference to the department, of all legal matters pertaining to leases, contracts, purchases, and sales of properties other than maritime; and claims for damages to property, private or naval, other than maritime, caused by naval vessels or other vessels within the district.
(b) Assistant in charge of maritime matters, charged with the preparation, for reference to the department, of all legal matters pertaining to commandeering, leases contracts, chargers parties, purchases; and claims for damages caused to or by naval vessels or maritime properties which are to be investigated by a board of investigation.
(c) Assistant in charge of military matters, charged with the preparation of all legal matter pertaining to courts-martial, courts of inquiry, boards of investigation, and board of inquest.
40. For convenience in administering this staff, commandants may form groups of members of the staff, according to the five categories listed in paragraph 18, each group under an assistant chief of staff.
VII. Cooperation with the Army and the United Stated Fleet
41. Cooperation with the Army will be establish through the following means:
(a) United States Army officers on the staffs of the district commandants
(b) United States naval officers on the staffs of the commanding generals of frontier commands.
(c) Permanent local joint-planning committees in accordance with General Order No. 103 of April 18, 1923; one or more for each naval district.
(d) The district commandant shall cause to be maintained an effective liaison between the commanding officers of units of the naval operating forces (section bases, destroyer and submarine bases, and air stations), and the Army commander of the corresponding subdivision of the coastal defense.
42. The district operating forces are those forces assigned to a naval district for use in the local defense of the district and the control of the coastwise sea communications. When fleets or detachments of fleets are operating in the general locality to which district operating forces are assigned, the district forces will act in cooperation with such fleets or detachments as follows:
43. When an enemy attack on the seacoast is made, the senior naval officer within the limits of the naval district or districts in which the attack is made, whether commanding a district or a detachment of the fleet, will assume the strategical direction of all naval forces within the district or districts.
44. The senior naval officer afloat in the area in which the attack is being made, whether attached to a fleet or a district, will assume the tactical direction of all naval forces in contact with the enemy.
45. Cooperation between the Army and the Navy in operations against enemy attacks on the coast will be governed by "joint Action of the Army and the Navy," and particularly by Chapter IV, articles 18 to 24 thereof.
VIII. The Operating Forces
46. The mission of the operating forces is to control the sea communications within the district, repulsing hostile attacks on the seacoast, or upon naval vessels or merchant shipping in or off harbors extend to seaward as far as to include the coastwise sea lanes.
47. For local defense purposes, the coast of each naval district shall, when necessary to give efficient control of the district waters, be divided by the commandant into sections, each section having headquarters entitled a Section Base. The officer in command of a section bases shall come under the command of the commander, inshore patrol, but the facilities of the base may be made available to any or all of the task forces of the local defense force.
48. Depending upon the campaign and the data furnished the commandant by the Chief of Naval Operations in accordance with paragraph 11 of this manual, the operating forces may comprise any or all of the following task forces:
(a) The inshore patrol.
(b) The offshore patrol.
(c) The escort force.
(d) The attack force.
(e) Additional task forces to meet special situations.
49. The inshore patrol may be composed of any or all of the following forces:
(a) Section bases.
(b) Submarine bases, destroyers bases, and air stations whose principal function is in support of active war operations of the local defense forces.
(c) Coastal lookout system, including lightships, lighthouses, coast guard stations, and special lookout stations.
(d) Patrol sections (YP), (PC), (PY), (VP).
(e) Mine sections (AM).
(f) Guard ships (obsolete man-of-war types, PY).
(g) Additional task forces in special cases as required.
50. The commander inshore patrol shall have his headquarters in an office ashore, centrally located with respect to the inshore patrol activities of the district (preferably at district headquarters), and connected, by the district communication service, with the district commandant; the section bases, submarine, destroyer, and air bases of the operating forces; the stations of the coastal lookout system; all guardships; the commanders, offshore patrol, escort force, attack force, and special-task forces; and all vessels of the district operating forces wherever operating. These headquarters shall be the communications and intelligence clearing station for the district operating forces, and the point of liaison with the Army communication service; and a continuous watch by duty offers will be there maintained.
51. The duty of the inshore patrol is:
(a) To execute the Navy's part of all joint Army and Navy plans for areas of intensive defense.
(b) To search for, locate, and report enemy vessels operating close in to the coast and off harbor entrances and, in the case of submarines, to attack them.
(c) To sweep such channels close in to the coast and off harbor entrances as are necessary for our naval forces and merchant shipping and to clear mine fields laid by the enemy when they are encountered or reported.
(d) To patrol the outer limits of areas of intensive defense in order to convey to the commander of the fortifications within areas of intensive defense prompt and full information of the approach of friendly or hostile vessels.
(e) To patrol the fixed underwater defenses of harbors, especially during thick weather and darkness, to protect the defenses and prevent light craft from going over them.
(f) To operate a system of piloting shipping through areas of intensive defense and of control of shipping in defensive sea areas; both in accordance with the "Regulations Governing Movement of Vessels Through Defensive Sea Areas."
(g) To maintain a guard ship at or near harbor entrances to see that all vessels leaving or entering the port give the proper recognition and clearance signals, and to transmit orders to shipping as directed.
(h) To furnish with routing instructions all merchant vessels departing without escort.
(i) To maintain a coastal lookout system along the district coast line by use of the Coast Guard stations and Lighthouse Service and special lookout stations, preventing any communication between personas on shore and the enemy.
(j) To maintain, through the Lighthouse Service in the district, the system of buoyage, lights, and other aids to navigation regularly established, with such modifications and changes as military necessity may require.
(k) To render prompt assistance to merchant shipping an naval units in the case of collision, breakdown, or other accident in port or along the coast, calling upon the district salvage force as necessary.
(l) Exercise naval control of harbors, when the Treasury Department requests the Navy to exercise such control, through captains of the port, whose duties shall include the following:
(1) Control all anchorages.
(2) Licensing and regulation of all small craft so as to prevent dissemination of important military information.
(3) Regulation of restricted areas in the port or vicinity.
(4) Exercise of control over the handling of explosives, combustibles, etc., in the harbor or vicinity.
(5) Cooperation with the commissioner of docks of the port, representatives of the Shipping Board, the Army, and private interests in order to obtain the maximum berthing efficiency.
(6) Assignment of port guards to merchant vessels if necessary.
Captains of the port shall be under the command of the commander, inshore patrol, and will not be members of the staff of the district commandant.
52. The offshore patrol may be composed of any or all of the following forces:
(a) Destroyers (DD or ODD).
(b) Submarines (SS or OSS).
(c) Mine sweepers (AM or XAM).
(d) Gunboats (PG).
(e) Eagle boats (PE).
(f) Yachts (PY).
(g) Scouting and patrol planes (VS and VP).
(h) Additional types in special cases.
53. The duty of the offshore patrol is to patrol systematically the coastal zone outside of those parts assigned to the inshore patrol; to develop information of, report, and attack enemy forces slighted, in accordance with the doctrine of the force; to supplement and support the main armament gunfire of the harbor defense; and to lay mine fields and sweep against enemy mines outside the field of operations of the inshore patrol.
54. The escort force may be composed of any combatant types suitable and available for the duty.
55. The duty of the escort force is to escort convoys within the district waters and to attack such enemy forces as may be encountered.
56. The attack force may be composed of suitable combatant types subsurface, surface, and air, as may be assigned. These units will usually be held in reserve, ready to attack enemy forces located by other forces.
57. The numbers and types of vessels that will be available for the task forces comprising the district operating forces depend upon the campaign. The extent and nature of the operations for which the district plans of organization and operation shall be prepared will be indicated in the data which will be furnished to the commandant of each district by the Chief of Naval Operations, in accordance with paragraph 11 of this manual. Questions as to the relative sizes of the task forces, and the combination of two or more of them under one commander, and the like, will be settled by the commandant so as to best fulfill his mission.
IX. The Naval Transportation Service
58. The Naval Transportation Service is administered by the Director, Naval Transportation Service, through the commandants of the various naval districts, in accordance with the "Navy Department Instructions for Vessels of the Naval Transportation Service." The number of ports which require port directors, Naval Transportation Service, will be covered by the commandant in his plan of organization of his staff, after a consideration of the data furnished in accordance with paragraph 11 of this manual. These data will also furnish a basis for plans for the creation, organization, and operation of any new units required in the district for the operation of the Naval Transportation Service and the logistic service to the vessels thereof.
X. The Logistic Activities
59. The nature and extent of the logistic support to the Fleet and Naval Transportation Service which the district will be required to render in war depend upon the campaign, and the plans of organization and operation of the district activities rendering such support will be based upon the data which will be furnished to the district commandant by the Chief of Naval Operations in accordance with paragraph 11 of this manual. These data will also indicate the new activities of logistic support which must be created within the district.
60. The most effective unit of logistic support is the naval base. The department in recent general orders has applied the name "Naval Operating Base" to certain units, in recognition of the fact that they fall shore of the full requirements of a base. As no unit has yet attained these requirements, and possibly none will have attained them upon mobilization, the naval operating base organization will be the unit organization of maximum effort treated of in this manual.
61. The essential requirements of an operating base are extensive protected anchorage with ready access to open waters and a considerable degree of logistic support.
62. At each important deep water port of the continental United States where a naval operating base does not now exist, but where a navy yard or station does exist together with other naval activities not now under the commandant of that yard or station, the war ties organization will show a consolidation of all such activities, whose location renders it feasible, under one command. The question whether this shall be effected by creating a naval operating base, or by incorporating the outside activities into the command of the commandant of the navy yard or station will be decided upon the following basis.
63. Naval operating bases shall be organized in cases where the essential requirements of a naval operating base are met, and where the number and situation of the outside activities, plus new activities to be created upon mobilization, are such as to indicate the desirability of organizing an operating base to facilitate the rendering of better logistic support. In other cases the outside activities will be incorporated into the command of the commandant of the navy yard or naval station.
64. The purpose of these consolidations is twofold:
First: To reduce the number of coordinate commanders under the district commandant.
Second: To centralize local command of facilities of logistic support.
65. Upon mobilization the demands, for naval purposes, upon the commercial shipbuilding and repair plants and terminal and supply facilities of the districts may be such as to require the use of many for naval purposes. At ports where an operating base or navy yard exists, the plan of organization of such base or yard shall provide for the use of commercial facilities as may be required, the requirements to be determined after study of the data furnished by the Chief of Naval Operations, as covered by paragraph 11 of this manual. At ports where no suitable existing unit can be expanded to exercise control of the use of such facilities, the district plan for mobilization will provide for the creation, organization, and operation of the necessary unit, the officer in charge of which will be responsible, preferably to the commandant of the nearest operating base, navy yard, or naval station; otherwise, to the district commandant. The use of commercial facilities contemplated in this paragraph may be to the extent of requiring the performance of naval work, or it may go as far as commandeering for operation by the Navy.
XI. The General Service Activities
The Naval Communication Service
66. The plans of organization and operation of the district activities of the Naval Communication Service will depend upon the campaign and upon the data furnished the commandant by the Chief of Naval Operations in accordance with paragraph 11 of this manual, and will accord with the "Communication Instruction United States Navy."
The Naval Intelligence Service
67. The plans of organization and operation of the district activities of the Naval Intelligence Service will depend upon the campaign and upon the data furnished the commandant by the Chief of Naval Operations in accordance with paragraph 11 of this manual, and will accord with instructions issued by the Office of Naval Intelligence.
XII. The Local Service Activities
68. The activities falling in this category are those which are necessary for the functioning of the district, but which are services to the district rather than to the Fleet, Naval Transportation Service, or Local Defense Forces. The principal new activities in this category to be created in war will pertain to the procurement and distribution of civilian personnel in accordance with the data which will be furnished the district commandant by the Chief of Naval Operations in accordance with paragraph 11 of this manual. As regards the district plan of organization and operation for these activities, the principles laid down in paragraphs 20, 21, and 22 of this manual shall govern.