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Casualties: U.S. Navy and Marine Corps Personnel Killed and Wounded in Wars, Conflicts, Terrorist Acts, and Other Hostile Incidents

  NAVY MARINE CORPS
ACTION KIA WIA KIA WIA
         
Revolutionary War,        
19 Apr. 1775 - 11 Apr. 1783 342 114 49 70
         
Naval War with France,        
July 1798 - 3 Feb. 1801 14 31 6 11
         
Barbary Wars, Mediterranean        
Sea, 10 Jun. 1801 -        
4 Jun. 1805 31 54 4 10
         
USS Chesapeake attacked by        
HMS Leopard, off Cape Henry,        
Virginia, 22 Jun. 1807 3 18 0 0
         
War of 1812,        
18 Jun. 1812 - 17 Feb. 1815 265 439 45 66
         
Marines escorting a convoy of        
supply wagons ambushed by an        
irregular force of Native        
Americans and African Americans        
in Twelve Mile Swamp near        
St.John's, East Florida,        
11 Sep. 1812 0 0 2 7
         
USS Nonsuch captured pirate        
ship Caledonia off Savannah,        
Georgia, 9 Apr. 1813 0 3 0 0
         
USS Essex crewmembers battle        
with Taipis Tribe, Nuka Hiva,        
Marquesas Islands, 29 Nov. 1813 1 2 0 0
         
USS Essex crewmembers battle        
with Taii Tribe, Nuka Hiva,        
Marquesas Islands, 27 May 1814 4 1 0 0
         
Ambush of Navy personnel on        
Apalachicola River, Spanish        
Florida, during reconnaissance of        
fort and settlement occupied by        
free African Americans and        
escaped slaves, 17 Jul. 1816 4 0 0 0
         
USS Macedonian shore party        
fired on by mob during Peruvian        
War of Independence, Callao,        
Peru, 6 Nov. 1820 2 6 0 0
         
Suppression of Piracy in        
West Indies, 1822-1825 4 5 0 0
         
USS Fox fired on from Spanish        
castle El Moro, St. Johns,        
Puerto Rico, 5 Mar. 1823 1 0 0 0
         
USS Porpoise skirmish with        
Greek pirates, near Andros        
Island, Aegean Sea,        
23 Oct. 1827 1 0 0 0
         
USS Potomac punitive Landing at        
Qualah Battoo, Sumatra,        
6 Feb. 1832 2 7 0 4
         
Seminole War, Florida,        
1835 - 1842 8 12 3 5
         
USS Natchez Sailor's dispute        
with fisherman led to bayonet        
attack by Mexican guard,        
Vera Cruz, 25 Oct. 1836 0 2 0 0
         
Wilkes Expedition, skirmish        
with natives at Malolo, Fiji,        
24 Jul. 1840 2 2 0 0
         
Mexican War,        
24 Apr. 1846 - 30 May 1848 13 3 11 47
         
USS Plymouth landing party        
skirmish with Chinese Imperial        
troops during Taiping Rebellion,        
5 Jun. 1855 1 1 0 2
         
USS Water Witch engagement with        
a Paraguayan fort at Itapiru,        
1 Feb. 1855 1 0 0 0
         
USS Powhatan engagement        
with Chinese pirates        
near Hong Kong, China,        
4 Aug 1855 3 6 2 0
         
USS John Adams punitive        
expedition to Viti Levu, Fiji,        
28-31 Oct. 1855 1 0 0 2
         
Operations against Native        
Americans, Puget Sound,        
Washington Territory, 1855 3 1 0 0
         
USS Portsmouth, USS San Jacinto        
and USS Levant reduction of the        
Barrier Forts, Canton, China,        
16-22 Nov. 1856 7 15 0 6
         
USS Massachusetts Coxswain Gustave        
Englebrecht killed in skirmish with        
Native American at Port Gamble,        
Washington, 22 Nov. 1856 1 0 0 0
         
Confrontation with mob during        
election violence outside        
City Hall, Washington DC,        
1 June 1857 0 0 0 2
         
USS Vandalia, punitive        
expedition to Waya, Fiji,        
9 Oct. 1858 0 3 0 2
         
Chartered river steamer        
Toey-Wan supported English        
and French attack on Chinese        
forts at mouth of Peiho River,        
China, 25 Jun. 1859 1 1 0 0
         
Marine assault on building        
occupied by abolitionist John        
Brown and followers, Harper's        
Ferry, Virginia, 18 Oct. 1859 0 0 1 1
         
USS Saratoga and chartered        
steamers Indianola and Wave,        
gun battle and boarding of        
Mexican armed steamer General        
Miramon, near Vera Cruz,        
Mexico, 6 Mar. 1860 1 3 0 0
         
Civil War (Union forces only),        
15 Apr. 1861 - 26 May 1865 2,112 1,710 148 131
         
USS Wyoming battle with naval        
forces of Japanese feudal        
warlord off Shimonoseki,        
13 Jul. 1863 3 6 1 0
         
USS Hartford and USS Wyoming,        
landing party skirmish with        
natives near Taka, Formosa,        
13 Jun. 1867 1 0 0 0
         
USS Oneida Sailor wounded        
during attack on foreign        
residents by Japanese troops        
during Meiji Restoration,        
Hiogo, Japan, 4 Feb. 1868 0 1 0 0
         
USS Mohican battle with        
Mexican pirate steamer        
Forward in Teacapan River,        
Mexico, 17 Jun. 1870 2 7 0 1
         
USS Monocacy, USS Palos        
and steam launches from USS        
Colorado and USS Alaska,        
attack on Korean fort along        
Salee River, June 1871 2 12 1 1
         
Marines from Brooklyn Navy        
Yard guarding revenue officers        
engaged in destroying        
illegal distilleries in        
Brooklyn, New York,        
14 July and 17 Oct. 1871 0 0 1 3
         
USS Baltimore Sailors        
fight with Chilean Sailors;        
mobs subsequently attacked        
US Sailors, Valparaiso,        
16 Oct. 1891 2 18 0 0
         
USS Maine sunk in Havana Harbor,        
Cuba, 15 Feb. 1898. (Sometimes        
attributed to hostile action.) 266 54 0 0
         
Spanish American War,        
15 Feb. 1898 - 10 Dec. 1898 10 47 6 21
         
Philippine Islands Insurrection,        
4 Feb. 1899 - 25 Apr. 1901 9 0 7 19
         
USS Philadelphia punitive        
expedition to Apia, Samoa,        
1 Apr. 1899 4 4 0 1
         
Boxer Rebellion, China,        
20 Jun. 1900 - 12 May 1901 4 26 9 17
         
Seaman Johnson shot by insurgents        
while in a small boat from USS        
Yankee at Santo Domingo, Dominican        
Republic, 1 Feb. 1904 1 0 0 0
         
Apprentice 2d class Charles Doctor        
from USS Columbia landing party        
wounded by insurgents at Santo        
Domingo, Dominican Republic,        
11 Feb. 1904 0 1 0 0
         
While taking supplies to        
US Army Camp Tabla, USS        
Pambanga shore party        
attacked by Moro rebels,        
Basilian Island, Philippines,        
24 Sep. 1911 1 3 0 0
         
Pacification of Nicaragua,        
4 Aug. 1912 - 31 Jan. 1913 2 0 5 16
         
Occupation of Vera Cruz,        
Mexico, 21-23 Nov. 1914 17 57 5 13
         
Pacification of Haiti,        
25 Jul. 1915 - 6 Apr. 1917 2 0 7 29
         
Small boat from USS Annapolis        
fired on by Mexican soldiers        
at Mazatlan, 18 Jun. 1916 1 0 0 0
         
Pacification of Dominican        
Republic, 1916 - 1924 0 0 17 50
         
SS Aztec sunk by German        
submarine off Island of        
Ushant, France, resulting        
in death of Boatswain's Mate        
1/c John I. Eopolucci,        
1 Apr. 1917 1 0 0 0
         
World War I, 6 Apr. 1917 -        
11 Nov. 1918 431 819 2,461 9,520
         
USS Monocacy fired on by        
Chinese bandits, taking 80        
bullet hits, north of Chenglin,        
Yangtze River, China. Chief        
Yeoman H. L. O'Brien killed        
and Seaman W. W. Donnelly        
wounded during firefight.        
17 Jan. 1918 1 1 0 0
         
USS Olympia shore party operated        
with British, French, Serbian        
and White Russian troops in        
skirmishes with Bolshevik forces        
along the Dvina River near        
Archangel during the Allied        
intervention in northern Russia,        
15 Aug. - 6 Sep. 1918 0 3 0 0
         
Armed guard detachment from        
USS Monocacy defended oil        
barge from bandit attack,        
north of Ichang, Yangtze        
River, China, 17 May 1921 0 1 0 0
         
USS Stewart (DD-224) fired on        
by Chinese troops near Wuchang,        
Yangtze River, China,        
5 Sep. 1926 0 2 0 0
         
USS Pigeon (AM-47) fired on        
Chinese below Hanyang,        
China, 19 Sep 1926 0 3 0 0
         
Nicaragua Pacification,        
1927 - 1933 1 2 47 66
         
USS Noa landing force        
fired on by Chinese        
warlord's troops, Nanking,        
China, 24 Mar. 1927 0 1 0 0
         
USS Penquin (AM-33) fired on        
by Chinese below Kiangyin        
forts, China 25 Apr 1927 0 5 0 0
         
Armed guard detachment on        
SS Chi Ping fired on by        
bandits, north of Wanhsien,        
Yangtze River, China,        
14 Mar. 1930 0 1 0 0
         
USS Guam came under fire        
from bandits while        
attempting to rescue        
missionaries near Yochow,        
Yangtze River, China,        
4 Jul. 1930 1 0 0 0
         
USS Palos fired on by        
bandits at Changsha,        
Yangtze River, China,        
31 Jul. 1930 0 1 0 0
         
Marine 2d Brigade guarding        
International Settlement,        
during fighting between        
Japanese and Chinese forces,        
Shanghai, China,        
Aug.-Oct. 1937 0 1 0 3
         
USS Augusta struck by        
Nationalist Chinese anti-        
aircraft shell, Shanghai,        
China, 20 Aug. 1937 1 18 0 0
         
USS Augusta hit by shrapnel        
during fighting in Shanghai,        
China, 14 Oct. 1937 0 1 0 0
         
USS Panay sunk by Japanese        
air attack, near Nanking,        
Yangtze River, China,        
12 Dec. 1937 2 43 0 0
         
USS Kearny damaged by German        
submarine, Atlantic Ocean,        
17 Oct. 1941 11 22 0 0
         
USS Salinas damaged by German        
submarine, Atlantic Ocean,        
30 Oct. 1941 0 1 0 0
         
USS Reuben James sunk by        
German submarine, Atlantic        
Ocean, 31 Oct. 1941 115 8 0 0
         
World War II, 7 Dec. 1941 -        
31 Dec. 1946                  3 6,950 37,778   1 9,733  6 8,207
         
1st Marines reconnaissance        
patrol fired on by 40-50        
Chinese communist guerillas        
northwest of Tientsin, China,        
6 Oct. 1945 0 0 0 3
         
7th Marines jeep patrol fired        
on by Chinese communist snipers        
near Tangshan, China        
19 Oct 1945 0 0 0 2
         
Ambush of 5th Marines jeep patrol        
by Chinese communist snipers        
outside of Peiping, China        
26 Oct 1945 0 0 0 1
         
Two marines hunting near 7th        
Marines railroad outpost shot by        
two Chinese west of Anshan, China,        
4 Dec 1945 0 0 1 1
         
One marine attacked while on        
liberty in Tientsin, China,        
9 Dec 1945 0 0 0 1
         
Two 7th Marines supply trucks        
ambushed by Chinese communist        
guerillas near Tangshan, China,        
15 Jan 1946 0 0 0 2
         
Marine hunting party attacked by        
irregular forces in the vicinity        
of Lutai, China, 7 Apr 1946 0 0 1 0
         
5th Marines bridge guards attacked        
by Chinese communists firing        
mortars, near Tangku, China,        
5 May 1946 0 0 0 1
         
7th Marines sentry attacked by        
guerillas in Lutai, China,        
7 May 1946 0 0 0 1
         
1st Marines reconnaissance patrol        
ambushed by 50-75 armed Chinese        
in village 10 miles south of        
Tientsin, China, 21 May 1946 0 0 1 1
         
Marine sentry attacked in Tangku,        
China, 2 Jul 1946 0 0 0 1
         
Supply convoy, protected by 11th        
Marines detachment, ambushed by        
Chinese communist forces at Anping,        
China, 29 July 1946 0 0 4 11
         
Chinese communist raid on 1st        
Marine Division ammunition supply        
point at Hsin Ho, northwest of        
Tangku, China 3 Oct 1946 0 0 0 1
         
Two Chinese communist companies        
about 350 men, attack 1st Marine        
Division ammunition supply point        
at Hsin Ho, northwest of Tangku,        
China, 4-5 Apr 1947 0 0 5 17
         
Marine hunting party ambushed        
by Chinese communists outside        
of Tientsin, China,        
25 Dec. 1947 0 0 1 0
         
PB4Y2 from VP-26, Det A,        
shot down by Soviet        
aircraft, over Baltic Sea        
off coast of Latvia,        
8 Apr. 1950 10 0 0 0
         
Korean War, 25 Jun. 1950 -        
31 Jan. 1955 503 1,576 4,267  2 3,744
         
P2V-3W from VP-6 shot down        
by Soviet aircraft, over Sea        
of Japan off Vladivostok,        
Siberia, 6 Nov. 1951 10 0 0 0
         
PBM-5S2 from VP-731 attacked by        
Chinese fighters over the        
Yellow Sea, 31 Jul. 1952 2 2 0 0
         
P2V-5 from VP-22 shot down by        
anti-aircraft fire near Swatow,        
China, 18 Jan. 1953 9 0 0 0
         
P2V from VP-19 shot down        
by Soviet aircraft, over Sea        
of Japan near Siberian coast,        
4 Sep. 1954 1 0 0 0
         
P2V from VP-9 shot down        
by Soviet aircraft, St. Lawrence        
Island in the Bering Sea,        
22 Jun. 1955 0 10 0 0
         
P4M-1Q from VQ-1 shot down        
by hostile aircraft near        
Wenchow, China, 22 Aug. 1956 16 0 0 0
         
P4M-1Q from VQ-1 attacked by        
North Korean fighters near the        
Korean Demilitarized Zone,        
over Sea of Japan, 16 Jun. 1959 0 1 0 0
         
Vietnam War, 4 Aug. 1964 -        
27 Jan. 1973 1,631 4,178 13,095 51,392
         
Intervention in the        
Dominican Republic,        
28 Apr. 1965 - 21 Sep. 1966 1 0 9 25
         
USS Liberty, attacked by        
Israeli forces in the        
Eastern Mediterranean,        
8 Jun. 1967 31 168 2 1
         
LCDR Ernest A. Munro killed and        
RMCS Harry L. Greene wounded by        
communist terrorists, Guatemala,        
16 Jan 1968 1 1 0 0
         
USS Pueblo, captured by        
North Korean forces in the        
Sea of Japan, 23 Jan. 1968 1 8 0 1
[All crew members, 79 Navy and 2        
Marines, subsequently awarded the        
purple heart for the period of        
their captivity]        
         
A-1H from VA-25 on a ferry flight        
from the Philippines to an aircraft        
carrier in the Tonkin Gulf shot        
down by MIG interceptor after        
accidently violating airspace of        
Hainan Island, China        
14 Feb. 1968 1 0 0 0
         
P3B from VP-26 on a coastal        
surveillance photo-reconnaissance        
mission, shot down, possibly by        
a Cambodian naval vessel, crashing        
in the Gulf of Thailand,        
1 Apr. 1968 12 0 0 0
         
Sailors from USS Independence and        
accompanying destroyers injured by        
students during anti-American        
riots in Istanbul, Turkey,        
16-23 Jul. 1968 0 19 0 0
         
Sailors from USS Columbus and        
accompanying destroyers injured by        
students during anti-American        
riots in Izmir, Turkey,        
19-22 Dec. 1968 0 14 0 0
         
EC-121M from VQ-1 shot down        
by North Korean aircraft over        
the Sea of Japan, 14 Apr. 1969 30 0 1 0
         
Two UH-1Bs from HAL-3 Detachment        
3 shot down in Svay Rieng        
Province, Cambodia, by Cambodian        
anti-aircraft fire, 28 Apr. 1969 4 4 0 0
         
Seabee wounded and Marine        
Security Guards killed and        
wounded during Terrorist        
attack on US Embassy softball        
game, Phnom Penh, Cambodia,        
26 Sep. 1971 0 1 1 3
         
Marine Security Guard Sidney T.        
James wounded during an attack        
by a radical communist group,        
U.S. Embassy, Manila,        
Philippines, 1972 0 0 0 1
         
LCDR Franklin G. West wounded by        
North Korean forces, Panmunjun,        
Korea, 3 Mar 1974 0 1 0 0
         
CDR Robert M. Ballinger killed        
by dynamite explosion during        
investigation of tunnel built by        
North Koreans in the southern        
portion of the demilitarized        
zone, Korea, 20 Nov 1974 1 0 0 0
         
Seabees killed by gunfire during        
terrorist ambush of jeep on        
northeast edge of US Naval Base        
at Subic Bay, Philippines,        
3 Feb. 1975 3 0 0 0
         
Two Marines from Marine Security        
Detachment, Saigon, killed during        
artillery attack while providing        
security for Defense Attaché        
Office, at Tan Son Nhut Airport,        
Saigon, Republic of Vietnam,        
29 April 1975 0 0 2 0
         
"Mayaguez Incident," battle with        
Khmer Rouge forces, Koh Tang        
Island, Cambodia, 14 May 1975 2 3 14 41
         
Sailor wounded during attack by        
unidentified gunman against U.S.        
Air Force Bus, 14 miles north of        
Clark Air Bus, Philippines,        
11 Dec. 1976 0 1 0 0
         
LT Robert E. Nelson serving with        
UN observers in the Lebanese        
village of Maroun Al Ras wounded        
during attack by Israeli Defense        
Forces, night of 14-15 Mar 1978 0 1 0 0
         
U.S. Embassy Marine security        
guard wounded, Kabul,        
Afghanistan, 7 Aug 1978 0 0 0 1
         
U.S. Embassy Marine security        
guard wounded, Beirut, Lebanon,        
6 Oct 1978 0 0 0 1
         
SGT Garry Downey and SGT Kraus        
wounded by Iranian guerillas during        
attacks on U.S. Embassy, Tehran,        
Iran, 11 and 14 Feb. 1979 0 0 0 2
         
Marine security guards injured        
when leftist protesters attempted        
to storm U.S. Embassy, San Salvador,        
El Salvador, 30 Oct. 1979 0 0 0 2
         
Marine Security Guard CPL        
Steven Crowley killed by        
sniper fire during attack by        
mob on US Embassy, Islamabad,        
Pakistan, 21 Nov. 1979 0 0 1 0
         
Puerto Rican nationalists armed        
with automatic weapons ambushed        
a Navy bus driving to Sabana Seca        
Naval Communication Center near        
San Juan, 3 Dec 1979 2 10 0 0
         
BMCM Sam Novello killed by        
Turkish leftists at his home in        
Istanbul, Turkey, 16 April 1980 1 0 0 0
         
Marines wounded in terrorist        
attack, Costa Rica, 17 Mar 1981 0 0 0 3
         
Crewmen from USS Pensacola        
(LSD-38) attacked by terrorists        
in San Juan, Puerto Rico,        
16 May 1982. 1 3 0 0
         
U.S. Embassy Marine security        
guard wounded, Beirut        
Lebanon, 7 Jun 1982 0 0 0 1
         
Lebanon Peacekeeping,        
25 Aug. 1982 - 26 Feb. 1984 19 8 234 151
         
Terrorist bombing of US        
Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon.        
Casualties included IS1 Daniel        
J. Pellegrino and eight Marine        
Security Guards, 18 Apr. 1983 0 1 1 7
         
Lieutenant Commander Albert A.        
Schaufelberger killed by        
terrorists, San Salvador,        
El Salvador, 25 May 1983 1 0 0 0
         
CPL Guillermo Sanpedro killed        
in terrorist attack, Cyprus,        
23 Oct. 1983 0 0 1 0
         
Operation Urgent Fury,        
invasion of Grenada, West Indies        
23 Oct.1983 - 21 Nov. 1983 4 1 3 15
         
Capt. George Tsantes shot by        
terrorists near Athens, Greece        
15 Nov. 1983 1 0 0 0
         
Lt. Mark A. Lang killed and LT        
Robert O. Goodman wounded when        
A-6 Intruder from VA-85 shot down        
while attacking Syrian antiaircraft        
batteries at Hammana, east of        
Beirut, Lebanon, 4 Dec. 1983 1 1 0 0
         
Commander, Carrier Air Wing Six        
(CVW-6) CDR Edward K. Andrews        
flying an A-7 Corsair II, shot        
down by aircraft fire, near        
Beirut, Lebanon, 4 Dec 1983 0 1 0 0
         
LCPL Rudolfo Hernandez killed        
in terrorist attack, Germany,        
7 Feb. 1984 0 0 1 0
         
HN Carl P. Englund wounded,        
Beirut, Lebanon, 29 Feb 1984 0 1 0 0
         
PO1 Michael R. Wagner        
assigned to Defense Attaché        
Office, killed; CEC Harvey L.        
Whitaker and BU1 Stephen E.        
Haycock and four Marine security        
guards wounded in terrorist bombing        
of US Embassy Annex, East Beirut,        
Lebanon, 20 Sep. 1984 1 2 0 4
         
Seabee Steelworker 2nd Class        
Robert Dean Stethem of Underwater        
Construction Team ONE was killed        
by terrorists in Athens, Greece,        
on TWA Flight 847,        
14 Jun. 1985 1 0 0 0
         
Off-duty Marines assigned to        
Marine Security Guard Detachment,        
San Salvador, El Salvador,        
killed by terrorists armed with        
automatic weapons at a cafe in        
the Zona Rosa district of San        
Salvador, 19 June 1985 0 0 4 0
         
USS Stark struck by Iraqi        
missiles, Persian Gulf,        
17 May 1987 37 5 0 0
         
Terrorist grenade attack on        
USO club in Barcelona, Spain,        
27 Dec. 1987 1 5 0 0
         
Col. Rich Higgins, killed by        
pro-Iranian terrorists.        
Captured on 17 Feb. 1988 in        
Lebanon and declared dead on        
6 Jul. 1990. 0 0 1 0
         
USS Samuel B. Roberts struck        
Iranian mine, Persian Gulf,        
14 Apr. 1988 0 10 0 0
         
Japanese Red Army terrorist        
bombing of USO club in Naples,        
Italy, 14 Apr. 1988 1 4 0 0
         
Loss of AH-1T helicopter during        
operations against Iranian naval        
forces, possibly to hostile        
action, Persian Gulf,        
18 Apr. 1988 0 0 2 0
         
Capt. William E. Nordeen,        
Defense and Naval Attaché,        
killed by terrorist car bomb        
in Kifissia, the suburb of        
Athens, Greece,        
28 Jun. 1988 1 0 0 0
         
Lt. Robert Paz, USMC shot and        
witnesses, Navy LT and his wife,        
beaten by Panamanian forces at        
a road block in Panama City,        
16 Dec. 1989 0 1 1 0
         
Operation Just Cause, Panama,        
20 - 24 Dec. 1989 4 9 1 3
         
Persian Gulf War,        
2 Aug. 1990 - 3 Mar. 1991 6 12 24 92
         
Operation Restore Hope,        
Somalia, 9 Dec. 1992 -        
4 May 1994 0 0 2 15
         
Bombing of Federal Building,        
Oklahoma City, 19 Apr. 1995 0 0 2 0
         
Khobar Towers in Dhahran,        
Saudi Arabia bombed by        
terrorists, 25 Jun. 1996 0 1 0 0
         
Terrorist bombing of US Embassy        
in Nairobi, Kenya, 7 August 199 8      
Marine security guard Sgt. Jesse        
Aliganga killed, one Marine        
guarded wounded 0 0 1 1
         
USS Cole (DDG 67) hit on port        
side near forward stack by        
explosive-laden suicide boat        
while refueling, Aden,        
Yemen, 12 October 2000. 17 39 0 0
         
American Flight 77 hijacked by        
terrorists struck the Pentagon.        
Casualties include 33 sailors,        
6 Department of the Navy civilians,        
and 3 Navy civilian contractors        
killed and 4 sailors and 2        
Department of the Navy civilians        
wounded.        
Arlington, VA, 11 Sep 2001. 33 4 0 0
         
Operation Enduring Freedom,        
(primarily Afghanistan),        
7 Oct 2001 through 22 Sep 2015. 83 418 378 4,946
         
Lance Corporal Antonio Sledd        
killed, and another Marine wounded        
by terrorists during Exercise        
Eager Mace in Kuwait, 8 Oct 2002. 0 0 1 1
         
Operation Iraqi Freedom, Iraq,        
19 Mar 2003 through 22 Sep 2015. 64 646 852 8,626
*****

Note: Data, particularly prior to World War I, are based upon incomplete and sometimes conflicting sources. Not listed above are the hundreds of deaths and injuries annually resulting from nonhostile accidents, illnesses, homicides and suicides. Casualties in Russia during 1918 are also included with World War I totals. Casualties in Cambodia in 1968 to 1975, as well as those in Vietnam in 1975 are also included with Vietnam War totals. Hostile incidents causing casualties during Operation Enduring Freedom (War on Terrorism) occurring outside of Afghanistan are listed separately though presumably included in the totals. Statistics for Killed in Action for Vietnam, Desert Storm, Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan) and Operation Iraqi Freedom include the hostile deaths subcategories of Killed in Action, Died of Wounds, and Died While Detained, Missing in Action - Declared Dead, and Captured - Declared Dead. See the Defense Casualty Analysis System website for a more detailed breakdown of casualties.

Suggestions for additions or corrections to the above list are welcomed when accompanied by a photocopy of supporting documentation. Mail suggestions to the Website Committee, Naval History and Heritage Command, Washington Navy Yard, 805 Kidder Breese Street SE, Washington DC 20374-5060.

Sources Consulted:

Brannan, John, ed. Official Letters of the Military and Naval Officers of the United States, During the War with Great Britain in the Years 1812, 13, 14, & 15; With Some Additional Letters and Documents Elucidating the History of that Period. Washington City: Printed by Way & Gideon, for the editor, 1823. [See pp. 362-66 for 27 May 1814 incident.]

Brownson, William H. "The Pirate Ship Forward" in Clayton R. Barow, Jr. America Spreads Her Sails: U.S. Seapower in the 19th Century. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1973. OCLC 0070332. [See pp.138-152 for a first-hand account of the 17 Jun 1870 incident.]

Buker, George E. Swamp Sailors: Riverine Warfare in the Everglades, 1835-1842. Gainseville: University Presses of Florida, 1975.

A Chronology of the United States Marine Corps, 1935-1946. 3 vols. Washington: Historical Branch, US Marine Corps.

Clark, George B. Treading Softly, the U.S. Marines in China, From the 1840's to the 1940's. Pike NH: Brass Hat, 1996.

Cole, Paul M. POW/MIA Issues. 3 vols. Santa Monica CA: RAND, 1994. [See ch.2: "Early Cold War Aircraft Incidents," in v.2 World War II and the Early Cold War.]

Collum, Richard S. History of the United States Marine Corps. New York: L. R. Hamersly, 1903.

Cooney, David M. A Chronology of the U.S. Navy: 1775-1965. New York: Franklin Watts, 1965.

Crenshaw, Martha and John Pimlott eds. Encyclopedia of World Terrorism. v.3. Armonk NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1997. OCLC 35110123 [Useful source, though "Chronology of Terrorist Events Since 1945" fails to include some terrorist incidents involving naval personnel.]

Deac, Wilfred P. Road to the Killing Fields: The Cambodian War of 1970-1975. College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 1997.

Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. 9 vols. Washington: Naval Historical Center, 1959-1991.

Dudley, William S., ed. The Naval War of 1812: A Documentary History, Vol. 2. Washington: Naval Historical Center, 1992. [See p. 707 for the 29 Nov. 1813 incident.]

Dunham, George and David A. Quinlan. U.S. Marines in Vietnam: The Bitter End, 1973-1975. Washington: History and Museums Division, Headquarters, US Marine Corps, 1990.

Ellsworth, Harry Allanson. One Hundred Eighty Landings of United States Marines 1800-1934. Washington: History and Museums Division, Headquarters, US Marine Corps, 1974.

Facts On File: Weekly World News Digest With Cumulative Index. New York: Facts On File. [1979, 1983 and 1995]

Frank, Benis M. and Henry I. Shaw. Victory and Occupation: History of U.S. Marine Corps Operations in World War II. Vol. 5. Washington: Historical Branch, U.S. Marine Corps, 1968.

Gerhard, William D. Attack on the Liberty: An Edited Version of SRH-256. Laguna Hills CA: Aegean Park Press, 1981.

Goldich, Robert L. and John C. Schaefer. U.S. Military Operations, 1965-1994 (Not Including Vietnam): Data on Casualties, Decorations, and Personnel Involved. Washington: Congressional Research Service, 1994.

Goodrich, Caspar F. "Our Navy and the West Indian Pirates," United States Naval Institute Proceedings 42, no. 5 (Sep.-Oct.1916): 1468. [Incident on 9 Apr. 1813.]

Jackson, Chester V. "Mission to Murmansk." United States Naval Institute Proceedings 95, no.2 (Feb. 1969): 58-72.

Maclay, Edgar Stanton. A History of the United States Navy From 1775 to 1901. vol.2. New York: D. Appleton, 1901.

Marine Corps Historical Center (US). Archives Section. Marine Security Guard Battalion command chronologies consulted for the period 1971 - 1985.

Marine Corps Historical Center (US). Reference Section. "Marine Corps Casualties 1775-1995." Washington, 1996.

McKanna, Claire V. "The Water Witch Incident." The American Neptune 31, no.1 (Jan.1971): 7-19. [Incident on 1 Feb. 1855]

Millett, Allan R. Semper Fidelis: The History of the United States Marine Corps. New York: Macmillan, 1980.

"Naval and Maritime Events July 1968-December 1969." United States Naval Institute Proceedings 96, no. 5 (May 1970): np.

"Naval and Maritime Events July 1976-December 1976." United States Naval Institute Proceedings 103, no.5 (May 1977): 258.

"Naval and Maritime Events 1979." United States Naval Institute Proceedings 106, no. 5 (May 1980): 50, 224.

Naval Historical Center (US). Ships History Branch. Unpublished ships history files consulted.

Neeser, Robert Wilden. Statistical and Chronological History of the United States Navy, 1775-1907. 2 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1909.

The New York Times Index. New York: New York Times Company.
[1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988 and 1995]

Palmer, Michael A. On Course to Desert Storm: The United States Navy and the Persian Gulf. Washington: Naval Historical Center, 1992. [Statistic for Samuel B. Roberts]

Perkins, Joseph A. Letter to Naval Historical Center, 17 Feb. 1998, with enclosures: Purple Heart citation for the action on 5 Apr. 1947 in China, dated 1 Dec. 1997; and C-1-5 China Marine, United States Marine Corps, "Recipients of Medals for Action at ASP, April 5, 1947," n.d.

Peters, Virginia Bergman. The Florida Wars. Hamden CT: Archon Books, 1979.

Porter, David. Journal of a Cruise. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1986. [Describes the 27 May 1814 incident.]

Richards, George. "Captain John Williams, U.S. Marine Corps: A Tradition." Marine Corps Gazette 17, no. 2 (Aug. 1932): 11-14. [Incident on 11 Sep. 1812]

Roddis, Louis H. "Naval and Marine Corps Casualties in the Wars of the United States." Military Surgeon 99 (Oct. 1946): 305-310.

Sapienza, Madeline. Peacetime Awards of the Purple Heart in the Post-Vietnam Period. Washington: US Army Center of Military History, 1987.

Shaw, Henry I. The United States Marines in North China, 1945-1949. Washington: Historical Branch, G-3 Division, US Marine Corps, 1968. [See appendices A and B for casualties incurred during 1945-1947.]

Sprinkle, James D. "Helatkltron Three: The Seawolves." Journal of the American Aviation Historical Society (Winter 1988): 290-310.

Tolley, Kemp. Yangtze Patrol: The U.S. Navy in China. Annapolis MD: Naval Institute Press, 1971.

Transano, Vincent A. History of the Seabees. Port Hueneme CA: Naval Construction Battalion Center, 1997.

US Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Intelligence. 1985 Zona Rosa Terrorist Attack, San Salvador, El Salvador. 105th Congress, 1st Session, 1998.

US Department of Defense. Defense Casualty Analysis System website. (https://www.dmdc.osd.mil/dcas/pages/main.xhtml). This is the source for regularly updated official statistics for deaths from the Second World War to the present.

____. Department of Defense Selected Manpower Statistics, Fiscal Year 1980. Washington, 1981.

____. "Navy/Marine Corps Active Duty Military Deaths From Hostile Action or Occurring During Selected Military Operations Since October 1979. Washington, 1995.

____. Worldwide U.S. Active Duty Military Personnel Casualties, October 1979 through March 1997. Washington: 1997.

USFS Minneapolis, Commander Atlantic Training Squadron, letter of 12 Feb. 1904. Record Group 45, Area 8 Files, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington DC.

US Navy Department. Annual Report of the Secretary of the Navy. [See 1823, 1841, 1870 and 1871].

US Navy Department. Radiogram, Commander-in-Chief, Asiatic Fleet to Chief of Naval Operations, 19 Jan 1918. Located in National Archives and Records Administration Record Group 45, World War I Files, Area 10, Microfilm reel 17. [Describes the 17 January 1918 incident on the Yangtze River.].

US Navy Department. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. The History of the Medical Department of the United States Navy in World War II: The Statistics of Diseases and Injuries. vol.3. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1950.

US Navy Department. Bureau of Naval Personnel. Annual Report, Navy and Marine Corps Military Personnel Statistics, 30 June 1963. Washington: 1963.

US Navy Department. Bureau of Naval Personnel. Casualty Branch. Navy Casualties Deaths Due to Enemy Action 1776-1937. Washington, 1937. [Manuscript located in Navy Dept. Library Rare Book Room].

USS Columbia, letter of 11 Feb. 1904. Record Group 45, Area 8 Files. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington DC.

Published:Wed Sep 23 08:55:10 EDT 2015