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Below are books on the District of Columbia, Washington Navy Yard and/or slavery that I found useful in researching the Michael Shiner Diary:

John Quincy Adams, The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: A Digital Collection. Boston, MA: Massachusetts Historical Society, 2004. Digital edition available at, accessed by the authors 30 January 2011

Allen, Gardner Weld editor, Papers of Isaac Hull Commodore United States Navy, Boston:The  Boston  Athenaeum, 1929.

Allen, William C History of Slave Laborers in the Construction of the United States Capitol, Government. Printing Office: Washington D.C. 2005).  This history by the Historian for the Architect of the Capitol   has a detailed list of enslaved and free African Americans, who worked on the early construction of the U.S. Capitol.  Slaveholders /slave owners and slave supervisors.  Many of the slaveholders also provided workers to the Yard. , accessed 17 November 2020

Kevin Ambrose, Dan Henry and Andy Weiss, Washington Weather: The Weather Sourcebook for the D.C. Area. Fairfax, VA: Historical Enterprises, 2002.

Anderson, Leslie The Life of Freed Slave Michael Shiner C-SPAN Washington DC 4 February 2014.

Arnebeck, Bob. Through A Fiery Trial: Building Washington 1790-1800. Lanham, Maryland: Madison Books, 1991.

_____. Slave Labor in the Capital Building Washington’s Iconic Federal Landmarks The History Press, 2014.

Berlin, Ira Generations of Captivity, a History of African American Slaves. Cambridge Massachusetts:  Harvard University, The Belknap Press, 2003.

_____. Slaves without Masters The Free Negro in the Antebellum South, New York: The New Press, 2007.

Bolden, Tonya Capital Days Michael Shiner’s Journal and Growth of Our Nation’s Capital. New York: Abrams Books , 2015.

Brown, Gordon S. Incidental Architect William Thornton and the Cultural Life of Early Washington, Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2009.

--------- The Captain Who Burned His Ships Captain Thomas Tingey, USN. 1750 -1829 Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2011.

Brown, Letitia W. Free Negroes in the District of Columbia 1790-1846. New York: Oxford University Press, 1972.

Clark Lewis, Elizabeth Editor, First Freed: Washington, D.C., in the Emancipation Era Washington DC. Howard :University Press, 2002.

Crawford, Michael J., Christine F. Hughes, Charles E. Brodine, Jr., and Carolyn M. Stallings eds. The Naval War of 1812: A Documentary History, Vol. III, 1814-1815, Chesapeake Bay, Northern Lakes, and Pacific Ocean, Washington, DC: Naval Historical Center, 2002.

Dickey, J.D. Empire of Mud The Secret History of Washington, DC. Guilford : Lyons Press, 2014.

Dibble, Ernest F., Antebellum Pensacola and the Military Presence. Pensacola:University of West Florida, 1974.

Diggs, Sr Lewis S, ed., Baltimore City Directory for 1835/1836. Baltimore, MD: R.J. Matchett, 1835. accesses by the authors, 3 January 2011.

District of Columbia Department of Education. Special Report of the Commissioner of Education on the Condition of Public Schools in the District of Columbia, submitted to the Senate, June 6, 1868, and to the House, with Additions June 13, 1870. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1870.

Douglas Frederick, Autobiographies, ed. Henry Louis Gates Jr., New York: The Library of America, 1994.
Dudley, William S., et al. The Naval War of 1812: A Documentary History, Volume II, 1813. Washington, DC: Naval Historical Center, 1992.

Donnelly William F. ed., American Economic Growth the Historic Challenge, MSS Information Corporation, 1973.

Elliot S. A.,The Directory of Washington, D.C. - 1827 -. Showings the Name, Occupation, and Residence of each Head of a Family & Persons in Business. Washington D.C.: S.A. Elliot, 1827.

Ericson, David. "The Federal Government and Slavery: Following the Money Trail" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hilton Chicago and the Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, IL, Sep 02, 2004, 2009-05-26

Fogel, Robert William and Engerman ,Stanley L., Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1974.

Foner, Eric, The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery, New York: W.W. Norton & Company:, 2010.

Franklin, John Hope and Schweninger, Loren.  Runaway Slaves Rebels on the Plantation. New York :Oxford University Press, 1999.

Furgurson Ernest B. Freedom Rising Washington In the Civil War. Alfred A. Knopf : New York, 2004

Gilje, Paul Rioting in America, Indiana University Press: Bloomington, 1999, p. 88 and  Tager, Jack Boston Riots Three Centuries of Social Violence, Northeastern University Press, 2001, p.93.

Gordon –Reed Annette. The Hemming’s of Monticello An American Family.  W.W.Norton: New York, 2008.

Green, Constance McLaughlin. The Secret City: A History of Race Relations in the Nation's Capital. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1967.

____. Washington: A History of the Capital 1800-1950. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1962.

_____. The Economic Position of Free Blacks in the District of Columbia. The Journal of Negro History 58, No. 1. (Jan. 1973): 61-72.

Harrold, Stantley. Subversives Antislavery Community in Washington, D.C., 1828 -1865. Baton Rouge :Louisiana State University, 2003.

Hambelton, James Pinkney  A Biographical Sketch of Henry A. Wise with a History of the Political Campaign in Virginia in1855, Richmond Virginia: J.W. Randolph, 1856.

____ Border War: Fighting Over Slavery Before the Civil War, Chapel Hill :University of North Carolina Press,  2010.

Heidler, David S. and Jeanne T. Henry Clay, the Essential American, Random House: New York, 2010.

Hibben,, Henry B. Navy-Yard, Washington .Washington: Government Printing Office, 1890,

Howe, Daniel Walker. What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America 1815 - 1848. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Hulse, Thomas, “Military Slave Rentals, the Construction of Army Fortifications, and the Navy Yard in Pensacola, Florida, 1824–1863,” Florida Historical Quarterly, 88 (Spring 2010), 497–539.

Latrobe, Benjamin Henry. The Papers of Benjamin Henry Latrobe. Volume 1-3 New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984-1988.

Latrobe, Benjamin H.  The Journals of Benjamin Henry Latrobe 1799 -1820 from Philadelphia to New Orleans. Yale University Press, 1980.

Leepson, Marc WhatSo Proudly We Hailed Francis Scott Key A Life  New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

McNally, William, Evils and Abuses in the Naval and Merchant Service Exposed; with proposals for their remedy and redress.  Boston:  Cassady and March, 1839.

Maloney, Linda M. The Captain from Connecticut: The Life and Naval Times of Isaac Hull. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1986.

Marolda, Edward. The Washington Navy Yard: An Illustrated History. Washington, DC: Government  Printing Office, 2000.

Martin, Jonathan D. Divided Mastery: Slave Hiring in the American South. Boston: Harvard University Press, 2004.

Meaders , Daniel. Advertisements for Runaway Slaves in Virginia, 1801 -1820, New York :Rutledge, 1997.

McKee, Christopher.  A Gentlemanly and Honorable Profession the Creation of the U.S. Naval Officer Corps, 1794 -1815 Naval Institute Press: Annapolis, 1991.

Melder, Keith. City of Magnificent Intentions A History of Washington, District of Columbia. Washington,D.C : Intac, Inc: 1997.

"Memorial of Inhabitants of the District of Columbia. Praying lor the gradual abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia," 24 Mar 1828, House of Representatives, doc. no. 140. ... Twenty-third Congress, second session.

Pacheco, Josephine E. The Pearl, A Failed Slave Escape on the Potomac Chapel Hill :University of North Carolina Press, 2005.

Pairpoint, Alfred J. Uncle Sam and His Country; or, Sketches of America, in 1854 -55 -56 London:Simpkin Marshall,1857.

Paullin, Charles O. “Washington City and the Old Navy”, Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C. Vol. 33/34, (1932), p. 163 -177.

Peck, Taylor Round Shots to Rockets A History of the Washington Navy and U.S. Naval Gun Factory.Annapolis: Naval Institute, 1949

Provine, Dorothy S. The District of Columbia Free Negro Registers 1821 -1861 volumes 1 & 2, Bowie, Maryland :Heritage Books,,1996.

Ricks, Mary K.. Escape on the Pearl The Heroic Bid for Freedom on the Underground Railroad. New York :Harper Collins, 2007.

Rogers, Helen Hoban.  Freedom & Slavery Documents in the District of Columbia , Recorder of Deed Office, Volumes 1. 1792 – 1806, Volume, 2, 1806 -1816,  and Volume 3. 1816 -1822. Baltimore: Gateway/Otterbay Press, 2007.

Seaton, Josephine William Winston Seaton of the National Intelligencer: A Biographical Sketch, James R. Osgood: Boston, 1871.

Starobin, Robert S. Industrial slavery in the Old South New York; Oxford University Press, 1970

Sharp, John G. History of the Washington Navy Yard Civilian Workforce 1799-1962. Stockton, CA: Vindolanda Press, 2005 online at Department of the Navy, Naval History and Heritage Command .

_ African Americans in Slavery and Freedom on the Washington Navy Yard 1799 -1865, Concord Ca:  Morgan Hannah Press, 2011.

Smallwood, Thomas.  A Narrative of Thomas Smallwood, Colored Man) Giving and Account of His Birth – The Period He was Held in Slavery – His Release  - and Removal To Canada , Etc.: Together with An Account of the Underground Railroad . James Stephens: Toronto, 1851.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher A Key to Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Presenting the Original Facts and Documents upon which the Story is founded. John P. Jewett and Company : Boston, 1853.

Symonds, Craig L. Confederate Admiral  The Life and Wars of Franklin Buchanan. Naval Institute Press: Annapolis, 1999.

Tomlins, Christopher L.(1992) “In Nat Turner’s shadow: Reflections on the Norfolk dry dock affair of 1830 -1831”,Labor History, 33:4, 494 -518.

Tremian, Mary. Slavery in the District of Columbia: The Policy of Congress and the Struggle for Abolition. New York: G.B. Putnam's Sons, 1898.

Warden, D.B A Chronograpical and Statistical Description of the District of Columbia, the Seat of the Government of the United States .Paris: Smith and Company, 1816.

Waldstreicher, David Runaway America Benjamin Franklin Slavery and the American Revolution  Hill and Wang New York, 2004.

Weld Gardner, Allen, editor,  Papers of Isaac Hull Commodore United States Navy Boston :The  Boston  Athenaeum, 1929.

Whitman, T. Stephen  The Price of Freedom Slavery and Manumission in Baltimore and National Maryland  University Press of Kentucky : Lexington, 1997.

Wilentz, Sean. The Rise of American Democracy  Jefferson to Lincoln. New York W.W.Norton &Company, 2005.

Wood, Gordon S. Empire of Liberty A history of the Early Republic, 1789 -1815. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Wortley, Emmeline Stuart, Travels in the United States, etc., during 1849 and 1850. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1851. 


Published: Tue Nov 17 14:41:14 EST 2020