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Blockade-Running Between Europe and the Far East by Submarines, 1942-44

1 December 1944

Blockade-Running Between Europe and the Far East by Submarines, 1942-44

1. Blockade-running by submarines

a. Blockade-running between German Europe and the Far East, which began in 1941, at first was carried on exclusively by merchant vessels operated by the Germans. The venture enjoyed considerable initial success, but in the 1942-43 season (September 1942-March 1943) the losses to the blockade-running fleet were so severe that by January of this year the Germans decided to discontinue the use of surface vessels. A summary of the record of the surface blockade-runners is annexed as TAB A.

b. So far as is known, the first submarine to run the blockade made the voyage in the middle of 1942. However, it was not until well into 1943 that the Axis attempted to use submarines regularly as blockade-runners. In the spring of 1943 the German Navy converted seven large Italian submarines to cargo-carriers for the purpose of running the blockade. In addition to the converted Italian craft, at least three Japanese and a considerable number of German operational submarines have been used to carry cargo and passengers to and from the Far East.

c. It is believed that up to November of this year 35 submarines departed from Europe for the Far


East (see TAB B). During the same period at least 11 submarines are believed to have left Far Eastern ports for Europe (see TAB C). A summary of the record of blockade-running by submarine in both directions is as follows:

of Voyage
Voyages Losses Successful
En route
11 Nov 44
Far East to Europe 1 0 1  
Europe to Far East 1 1 0  
  2 1 1  
Far East to Europe 5 1 4  
Europe to Far East 16 3* 13  
  21 4 17  
(To 11 Nov)
Far East to Europe 5 2 1 2
Europe to Far East 18 10 7** 1
  23 12 8 3

d. To date, the submarines employed as bkockade-runners have ranged from German operational craft of 740 tons to cargo-carriers of approximately 2,200 tons. The cargoes have varied in size from approximately 80 tons to a maximum of about 300 tons. The total volume of goods carried in both directions in 26 successfrul voyages has been less than


*Includes the Italian Cagni which surrendered at Durban in September 1943.

**Includes the I-29, which arrived safely in July at Singapore, where her passengers disembarked, but was later sunk with the loss of her cargo while en route to Japan.


the cargo which could be carried on one of the surface blockade-runners formerly used.

e. Although the sailings of surface blockade-runners occurred principally in the autumn and winter months, so as to enable the vessels to negotiate the Bay of Biscay area when short days and weather conditions hamper observation, submarines are used at all seasons of the year. Surface blockade-runners used French ports exclusively; although most of the blockade-running submarines have departred from, or arrived at, Biscay ports, at least seven of them have used German and Norwegian ports.

f. Submarine voyages between Europe and the Far East require a minimum of from two to three months. Frequently, however, more time is consumed, since certain of the German submarines, carrying small cargoes, engage in operations in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans while en route.*

g. At least 10 German submarines are believed to be east of Capetown (as of 11 Nov 44), either engaged in operations or making preprations for the return trip. A list of those German submarines follows:


*Some of the German submarines have also engaged in operations in the Far East between voyages.


    UIT-24 (ex-Cappellini)
    UIT-25 (ex-Torelli)

2. Cargoes from Europe to the Far East:

a. After the Germans suspended blockade-running by surface vessels in January 1944, the Japanese decided to sell, lease or otherwise return to the Germans and Italians such items as rolling mill equipment, presses, machine tools, prototypes of large guns, samples of aircraft, etc., which they wanted but which could not be shipped by submarine. The principal goods retained for shipment for the Far East included the following:

    German radar units and other electronic equipment
    Vacuum tubes
    Optical glass
    Steel balls
    Machine gun ammunition


    Prototypes of communications equipment
    High grade aluminum
    Special alloy steel for aircraft motors
    Chemicals and drugs
    Industrial diamonds
    Plans and drawings for weapons, aircraft, etc.

b. TAB D lists the items known to have been shipped by submarine from Europe to the Far East in the period 1942-44. Other goods wanted by the Japanese, but known to have been destroyed at Lorient by the Germans last summer because of the speed of the Allied advance, are lsited in TAB E. TAB F contains a list of products not known to have been shipped, but believed to have been available somewhere in Europe for shipment to the Far East before the last known departure.

c. In addition to the cargoes carried to the Far East, a number of German and Japanese engineers, technical experts and diplomatic officials have traveled on blockade-running submarines as passengers. The names of such passengers are listed in TAB G.

3. Cargoes from the Far East to Europe:

a. As indicated above, so far as is known there have been but six successful voyages of blockade-running submarines from the Far East in the period from 1942 to November 1944. Little information is available concerning


the cargoes those vessels actually carried. However, it is known that from the inauguration of Axis blockade-running in 1941 the Germans have made great efforts to get such Far Eastern products as rubber, tungsten, tin, molybdenum, quinine and opium, and that the cargoes carried by submarines have actually included those items. During the past year the Germans have been particularly anxious to get tungsten, molybdenum and tin, and have used operational submarines returning to Europe to carry those commodities. Since the Germans need large quantities of the products they have tried to get from the Far East, the small amounts of such products that they could have received by submarines have probably been of little assistance to them. Further information about items transported from the Far East is to be found in TAB H.

b. The Japanese have taken advantage of submarine transportation to send personnel to Europe, principally (i) diplomatic offices and (ii) technicians to study the latest German developments in scientific fields. TAB I gives a list of persons known to have been carried as passengers on submarines from the Far East.

Blockade-running by merchant ships between German Europe and the Far East 1941-44

1941-42 Season (July 1941-Mar 1942)
(Sunk, Scuttled
or Captured)
Damanged and
to port
Far East to Europe 14 2   12
Europe to Far East 5 0   5
  19 2   17
1942-43 Season (Sept 1941-Mar 1943)
Far East to Europe 11 7 0 4
Europe to Far East 17 4 3 10*
  28 11 3 14
1943-44 Season (Sept or Oct 1943-Jan 1944)
Far East to Europe 5 4   1**
Europe to Far East 0 0   0
  5 4   1



*One of the vessels which reached the Far East, a tanker, was destroyed by explosion after its arrival.

**This vessel was damaged by a mine near the Gironde estuary and part of its cargo was destroyed.


Departures of Submarines from European Ports for the Far East, 1942-44

  Vessel Left Europe Remarks
1. I-30 Aug/Sept, Bay of Biscay Sunk Singapore, mid-Oct.
2. U-180 9 Feb, Kiel Rendezvoused with Japanese submarine in Indian Ocean in Apr.
3. U-178 28 Mar Arrived Sabang or Penang Aug.
4. U-511
(Satsuki #1)
Apr/May, Lorient Arrive Penang July/Aug.
5. Tazzoli May, Bordeaux Sunk in Bay of Biscay.
6. Guiliani
May, Bordeaux Arrived Sabang late July, Singapore, Aug.
7. Cappelini
May, Bordeaux Arrived Sabang 9 July, Singapore, Aug or Sept.
8. Torelli
June Arrived Sabang Aug, Singapore, late Aug.
9. Barbarigo 16 June Sunk en route
10. Cagni 30 June Surrendered, Durban 20 Sept.
11. U-188 June/July Arrived Penang late Oct.
12. U-532 June/July Arrived Penang late Oct.


  Vessel Left Europe Remarks
13. U-183 June/July Arrived Penang late Oct.
14. U-168 June/July Arrived Penang 10 Nov, sunk in Java Sea, 6 Oct 44.
15. I-8 6 Oct Arrived Penang early Dec.
16. U-510 3 Nov, Lorient Arrived Penang 5 Apr after operations in Indian Ocean.
17. U-1052 Dec, Kiel Arrived Penang 18/19 Apr.
18. Attilio Bagnolini
24 Jan Sunk 11 Mar.
19. U-843 Feb, from a French port Arrived Batavia before 13 June after operations in Indian Ocean.
20. U-537 Early Mar, from a French port Arrived Batavia 2 Aug after operations in Indian Ocean.
21. U-181 10-15 Mar, from a French port Arrived Penang 8 Aug after operations in Indian Ocean.
22. U-196 10-15 Mar, from a French port Arrived Penang 10 Aug after operations in Indian Ocean.
23. U-1224
(Satsuki #2)
30 Mar, Kiel Presumed sunk some time after 11 May.


  Vessel Left Europe Remarks
24. U-859 7-10 Apr, from a Norwegian port Sunk 23 Sept off Penang before unloading her cargo, after operations in Indian Ocean.
25. U-860 About 15 Apr Sunk en route.
26. I-29 16 Apr, Lorient Arrived Singapore 14 July, sunk 26 July en route to Japan.
27. U-198 20 Apr, from a French port Believed sunk after operations in Indian Ocean.
28. U-861 23-26 Apr, from a Norwegian port Arrived Penang Sept after operations.
29. U-490 About 7 May Sunk en route.
30. U-862 1 June, from a Norwegian port Arrived Penang about 9 Sept.
31. U-863 Loaded Kiel July, left 1 Aug from Norway Sun en route.
32. U-180 22 Aug, Burdeaux Believed sunk en route.
33. U-195 22 Aug, Bordeaux En route.
34. U-219 24 Aug, Bordeaux Believed sunk en route.
35. U-871 Late Aug Possibly sunk.


Departures of Submarines from Far Eastern Ports for Europe, 1942-44

  Vessel Left Far East Remarks
1. I-30 May/June Arrived Europe Aug.
2. U-180 Apr from Indian Ocean, after rendezvous with Japanese submarine Arrived Bordeaux July 1943.
3. I-8 27 June, Penang Arrived Brest late Aug or early Sept.
4. U-178 Nov/Dec, Penang Arrived Bordeaux 24-25 May 44.
5. "Momi"* Nov Sunk near Penang 13 Nov.
6. I-29 15 Dec, Penang Arrived Lorient 11 Mar 44.
7. U-188 Jan, Penang Blown up at Bordeaux 25 Aug.
8. UIT-23
Feb, Penang Sunk 15 Feb near Penang.
9. I-52 Apr, Singapore Believed sunk in June, 800 m. W of Cape Verde.


*This was the first vessel referred to as the "Momi". After it was lost, the name "Momi" was assigned to the I-52.


  Vessel Left Far East Remarks
10. U-1062 16 July, Penang Now en route or sunk.
11. U-181 Oct/Nov En route.


Products known to have been shipped on submarines from Europe to the Far East, 42-44

  Commodity Amount Shipped Amount Known Sunk
1. Metals and minerals:    
    Lead 325 tons* 129.96 tons
    Aluminum, high grade 26.5 tons plus 3,740 boxes  
    Platinum 12,398.94 grams 12,396.94 grams
    Mercury 106.34 tons 95.34 tons
    Industrial diamonds 1,117.76 carats plus an unknown amount 1,117.76 carats
2. Steel products:    
    Special alloy, steel for aircraft motors 471 boxes plus 121.8 tons 121.8 tons
    Steel balls About 3,700,000 About 3,700,000
    Ball bearings 5 boxes plus 308 packages 308 packages
3. Glass:    
    Optical glass 72 kgs. plus 4 tons plus an unknown amount 72 kgs. plus an unknown amount
    "Neophane glass," 50 and 75 per cent Unknown amount Unknown amount
4. Electronic equipment:    
    Wuerzburg Fuse 62 [ground radar] 8 sets 4 sets
    AEG Company's welder 1 set 1 set
    Vacuum tubes Unknown amount 10 tubes
    Parts Unknown number  
    Wuerzburg blueprints: type 1 4 rolls plus an unknown number of rolls 4 rolls


*All tons are metric.


  Commodity Amount Shipped Amount Known Sunk
    Hohentwiel Anlage [airborne anti-surface vessel radar, Fug 200] with converter and antenna 1 set 1 set
    FUMO-61 [submarine-borne radar] 1 set 1 set
    FUMG Seetakt [coastal radar] with converter and drawings 1 set 1 set
    Wanz Anlage [radar warning device] 3 sets 3 sets
    Naxos Borkum [German radar to detect Allied radar transmission] 2 sets 2 sets
    Night vision apparatus 5 sets 5 sets
    Abwurfsender FUG-302 [D/F buoy] 2 sets 2 sets
    "KDB apparatus" 1 set 1 set
    FuG 102 [obsolete electrical altimeter] 3 3
    FuG 113 [possibly error for FuG 103, electrical altimeter now in use] 1 1
    Oscillograph (Askania) 1 1
    Captured "Rotterdam" apparatus [British "H2S" blind-bombing device] and explanatory documents 1 set 1 set
    Captured Rosendahl apparatus and explanatory documents [British rearward airborne radar] 1 set 1 set


  Commodity Amount Shipped Amount Known Sunk
    "Bold" tubes 4 4
    Vacuum tubes 9 cases 9 cases
5. Weapons and ammunition:    
    75 mm anti-tank gun, together with ammunition and drawings 1  
    13 mm machine gun mount 3 sets 3 sets
    Barrels and mountings for 20 mm machine gun 1 set each 1 set each
    105 mm gun barrel 1 1
    20 mm incendiary ammunition 20 cases  
    20 mm armor-piercing and armor-piercing tracer ammunition 130 cases  
    20 mm armor-piercing incendiary ammunition 20 cases  
    30 mm armor-piercing and armor-piercing tracer ammunition 10 cases  
    30 mm tracer ammunition 10 cases  
    Unspecified ammunition 165 boxes  
    Torpedoes 22  
    "Special equipment" [possibly 210 mm WG-21 rocket bombs together with firing tubes] 2 sets 2 sets
    "Special equipment" [possibly type BV-246 glider bomb together with plans and an "experimental report"] 1 set 1 set


  Commodity Amount Shipped Amount Known Sunk
    "LMA-3" magnetic mines to be dropped by aircraft 5 cases  
    "LMB-3" acoustic detonators to be dropped by aircraft 5 cases  
    Accessories for above 10 mines 1 case  
    Simple magnetic mine for submarines 1 set (of 2) 1 set (of 2)
    Magnetic detonator for electric acoustic torpedo 1 1
    "Special equipment" [possibly magnetic detonators for acoustic torpedoes] 2 2
6. Precision optical goods:    
    "Sight reflector" 1 1
    Optical [circumferential graduator] 1 1
    Bombsight parts [possibly for Lotfe 7D high altitude bombsight] 1 set 1 set
    Microscope 1 1
7. Precision instruments:    
    Unspecified precision instruments 1 box  
    Johansson gauges 5,214 5,214
    "Bild Company transits" 3 sets 3 sets
    Screw pitch measuring device 1  
    Ball bearing polishing machine 1  


  Commodity Amount Shipped Amount Known Sunk
    Drawings for ball bearing polishing machine 1 set 1 set
    Galvanometer 1 1
8. Communications equipment:    
    Code machine and accessories 26 machines 20 machines
    Field transmitters 3 sets 3 sets
    "Main parts" of loud speaking telephone sets 2 sets 2 sets
9. Motor parts:    
    Exhaust turbine supercharger 2 sets 2 sets
    "Special gas cut-offs" 2 sets 2 sets
    [Machine parts?] 66 kgs. 66 kgs.
    Fuel jet pumps 35  
10. Chemicals and drugs:    
    Eserine galicylate 200 grams 125 grams
    Emetine cholate Unknown amount Unknown amount
    Yellow fever virus Unknown amount Some lost
    Atabrine for injection 7,950 ampoules 7,950 ampoules
    Atabrine tablets 600,000 600,000
11. Miscellaneous:    
    Respirators 103 kgs. 103 kgs.
    Pressure cabin parts and drawings [possibly for the German high altitude plan HS 130] 4 sets 1 set
    Propulsion equipment of rocket launching device 2 2
    Most of the parts of a British Mosquito plane 15 pieces 15 pieces
    Condensers "About" 4,400 "About" 4,400


  Commodity Amount Shipped Amount Known Sunk
    Electric thermometers 3  
    Carbon rods 30 30
    Sample minesweeping cable, 40 meters 40 meters
    with "KKG" tubes 4 4
    and sample fuses 1 set 1 set
    Acoustic minesweeping buoys 2 2
    Aerial cameras with parts 2 2
    Miscellaneous supplies for German submarine bases in the Far East Unknown amount Some
    Miscellaneous luggage and trunks 520 pieces 520 pieces
12. Drawings and plans:    
    '40 type machine pistol and '08 type ammunition    
    '43 type machine pistol and '43 type ammunition    
    '42 type machine gun mount, accessories and ball ammunition    
    '41 type heavy anti-tank rifle and armor-piercing and explosive ammunition    
    '40 type 75 mm anti-tank gun, and '39 and '40 type armor-piercing ammunition    
    '40 type 75 mm recoilless gun and '39 type hoillow-charge "B" armor-piercing ammunition    
    '41 type 150 mm rocket gun and '41 type ammunition    
    '40 type revolving telescopic sight, 4 points    
    Drawings for Isetta Co., X-type engine [for high speed motor boats]   All drawings
    Partial blueprints for Lorenz Co. and Telefunken Co. radio sets*    


*Certain of the Telefunken plans are believed to have reached Japan. The remaining Telefunken blueprints and the Lorenz Co. blueprints were ost on the I-29.


  Commodity Amount Shipped Amount Known Sunk
    Drawings of crankshaft grinding jig   All drawings
    Drawings of Rheinmetall 13 mm machine gun   All drawings
    Report on demagnetizing technique used by the German Navy at Kiel Degaussing Department    
    Plans and drawings of British and russian wooden aircraft    
    Report on nature and use of Sinter iron [cryptographic materials]    
    Report on performance of motors used by the GAF early in 1944    
    Plans and diagrams of latest type German Navy high speed underwater submarine    
    Newsreels for Japanese Navy 2 sets 2 sets
    Drawings of "S equipment" [presumably for "S-Geraet" sound-ranging gear]*    
    Drawings of Dete "107" [submarine borne radar]*    
    Drawings of Gema vacuum tubes*    


*Carried on the I-30 which was sunk, but with the salvage of part of the cargo.


Goods stored at Lorient awaiting Shipment to the Far East
which were destroyed by the Germans during Summer of 1944

  Commodity Amount Destroyed
1. Metals and minerals:  
    Aluminum 1,257 [cars?]
    Mercury 20 tons
2. Steel products:  
    Steel balls 2 boxes
    Ball bearings 114
3. Glass:  
    "Neophane glass" 17,000 pieces
    "Neophane glass 9s" 11,000 pieces
    Photographic lens 1
4. Electronic equipment:  
    "KDB" fittings 3 sets
    "Ausfahr head for S set" [oscillator for S-Geraet, German sound-ranging gear] 1
    Aircraft D/F receiver sets 18
5. Weapons and ammunition:  
    20 mm single mount machine gun and set of accessories 1
    "H.A." [105 mm] gun (less the barrel, which had been loaded on the I-29) 1
    Ammunition for 13 mm machine gun 5,000 rounds
    Ammunition for 20 mm machine gun 5,200 rounds
    Samples of various kinds of ammunition 680 samples


  Commodity Amount Destroyed
    Set of parts for torpedo fire control gear and cork [word missing] drawings 1,000 kgs.
    Magnetic mine 1
    Samples of fuses 60
6. Precision instruments:  
    Micrometers 917
    Screw taps 6,249
    Gauge-blocks 57
    [word missing] engravers 100
    Attachments 5
    Frames 15
7. Communications equipment:  
    Field teleprinters 6½ pairs
    Teleprinter and parts 1
    Code machines 70
    Parts of control telephone  
    Ultra-short wave transmitter 1
8. Motor parts:  
    Superchargers [possible for DB-627] 3
    Sample parts of feed and condensate pumps 1 set
9. Miscellaneous:  
    Rocket take-off accelerators and accessories [possibly the type used by the JU-88]  
    Parts for "G.H.G." sets 1 set
    Carbon rods 66


  Commodity Amount Destroyed
    Minesweeping [gear] not loaded on the I-29  
    Oerliko machine gun tools and accessories 90 sets
    Magazines [for machine guns?] 30
    Non-ferrous metal searchlight gear 1
    Aerial cameras 3
    Camshaft testing machine 1
    "Kalte Haerter" [an adhesive used in the manufacture of aircraft] 1 ton
    "Kauritleim" [an adhesive used in the manufacture of aircraft] 1 ton


Products not known to have been shipped,
but believed to have been available somewhere in Europe
for shipment to the Far East
before the last known submarine departure*

  Commodity Amount
1. Aluminum Unknown amount
2. Steel products:  
    Special alloy steel for aircraft motors 500 tons plus an unknown amount
    Steel balls 470 kgs.
3. Glass:  
    Optical glass 26 tons
    Lenses for Zeiss Contax cameras 250
4. Electronic equipment:  
    FuG 25, IFF ("Identification Friend or Foe") equipment 5 sets
    FuG 101 [Airborne altimeter] 10
    FuG 213, Lichtenstein anti-surface vessel equipment 2 sets
    Electric transformers for Wuerzburg units 10 sets
    "1651 A and 1651 M vacuum tubes" for French Indo-China 5 cases
    Vacuum tubes, unspecified 620 kgs.
    Dete "500" [submarine-borne radar and drawings]  


*All known duplications have been eliminated from this TAB, but the possibility remains that certain of the items included were shipped to the Far East or were destroyed at Lorient.


  Commodity Amount
5. Weapons and ammunition:  
    20 mm electric firing machine gun, model 151  
    30 mm machine guns, model 103 and plans 3
    30 machine guns, model 108 and plans 3
    "Panzerfaust" [anti-tank weapon] and blueprints 100
    "Panzerschreck" [anti-tank weapon] and blueprints 2
    Flame throwers 2
    20 mm ammunition for model 151 machine gun 3,000 rounds
    20 mm high explosive shells for Mauser MG 151 700,000 rounds
    30 mm ammunition for model 103 and 108 machine guns 61,500 rounds
    Boxes of ammunition Unknown amount
    Electric percussion caps 1,000
    Parts for electric fuses for aircraft machine guns Unknown amount
    Mines for anti-tank use 15
6. Precision optical goods:  
    Lotfe 7D bombsights 4
    Spare gyros 3
    Testing machines 3
    Spare parts 5
    Italian photometers 3
    Precision measuring instruments Unknown amount
7. Communications equipment:  
    Siemens Hellschreiber equipment 3 boxes
    All wave receivers 2 sets
    Wireless condensers 530 kgs.
    Wireless equipment--ground-air Unknown amount
    Multiple hydrophone installation, cable hook-up diagram  
    "Sonore" underwater telephone installation  


  Commodity Amount
8. Motor parts:  
    Extractor pumps for battleships Unknown amount
    Parts and plans for feed pumps for torpedo boats and cruisers Unknown amount
    Bosch jet nozzle and pipe for use in motors 3,400 kgs.
    Engine testing apparatus Unknown amount
9. Chemicals and drugs:  
    Atabrine 1,000 kgs.
    Hemoglobin and coloring matter 60 kgs.
    Balsam 120 kgs.
    Trolitul Unknown amount
    Penicillin mold Unknown amount
    Lithium chloride 6 tons
    Benzyl cellulose 15 tons
    Sodium formate 570 tons
    Formic acid 51 tons
    Influenza virus Unknown amount
    Salicylate of eserine Unknown amount
    200-unit bottles of insulin for French Indo-China [250?]
    Tubes containing twenty 0.5 gram tablets of "urotrophine" for French Indo-China 30,000 tubes
    Methylene blue for French Indo-China 20 kgs.
    One-kilogram bottles of chloroform for French Indo-China 500 bottles
    One-kilogram bottles of chloral for French Indo-China 20 bottles
    Emetine chloral hydrate for French Indo-China 50 grams
    One-gram tin cans of salicylate of bismuth for French Indo-China 100 cans
10. Miscellaneous:  
    The "combustion chamber" and other parts of the propulsion equipent used by the German planes ME-163 and ME-262 Unknown amount
    Rocket take-off accelerators for JU-88 4 sets


  Commodity Amount
10. Miscellaneous (cont'd):  
    Aerial photographic cameras:  
    20 cm. 50
    75 cm. 50
    "HS-18" 180
    Luminous paint 200 kgs. plus an
unknown amount
    Luminous [paint for dials] and samples of finished panels Unknown amount
    Machines for making rifle ammunition 3
    Machines for making steel cartridge cases Unknown amount
    Surface polishing lathe 1
    Tools for use in making machine guns 20 kgs.
    Spring apparatus for "G7A," description, drawings, etc.  
    Spring apparatus for "G7E Tat Roman 2" drawings  
11. Documents and drawings:  
    Drawings of "special 'D' tupe, main storage batteries and hydrogen absorbers for S56 type" high submerged speed submarine  
    Report on cylinder for Daimler motor torpedo boat engine and for manufacture of cylinder  
    Drawings of turbines from [Deschamag] Co. and suction and condenser pumps from [Bruchanns] Co.  
    Drawings for pistons for Daimler motor torpedo boat engine  
    Diagrams and explanation of FW 190A military instruments and equipment  
    Explanatory diagrams of electric firing pom-pom gun  
    Summaried list of German machinery produiction together with catalogue  
    Catalogue of precision measuring instruments  
    Production drawings for Rheinmetall electric percussion caps  
    Drawing for drilling machines  
    Drawings and plans for the manufacture of acoustic torpedos  
    Miscellaneous documents 25 boxes
    Documents explaining use of "Bold"  


Persons known to have been passengers on submarines going from Europe to the Far East, 1942-44

    Left Europe
Azumi Expert on purchases of medical supplies 16 Apr 44
Barth To be attached to the German Military Attaché's office in Japan 16 Apr 44
Berner To be attached to the German Military Attaché's office in Japan 16 Apr 44
Bose, Subhas Chandra and his secretary President, Provisional Indian Government 9 Feb 43
Brinker Radar expert from Gema Company 10 May 43
Foders, Heinrich Engineer from the Telefunken Company June 43
Gondo* Japan's former Assistant Military Attaché in Italy 16 June 43
Hammitzch, Prof. To be attached to the German Military Attaché's officer in Japan 16 Apr 44
Hanaoka, Lt. Col. Submarine fuel and percussion cap expert 16 Apr 44
Kihara, Col.* Japan's former Assistant Military Attaché in Germany 14 May 43
Lange German Engineer June 43
Matsui, Capt. Radar expert 16 Apr 44


*Lost en route.


    Left Europe
Meguchi Aircraft expert 16 Apr 44
Minami Anti-submarine ordnance expert 16 Apr 44
Miura* Army surgeon 16 June 43
Makatani Internal combustion engine expert 16 Apr 44
Nomura, Vice Adm. Former member of Japanese-German-Italian Joint Specialist Commission under the Tripartite Pact in Berlin 10 May 43
Onishi Anti-aircraft ordnance expert 16 Apr 44
Onoda   16 Apr 44
Rheinholdt, Lt. Comdr. To be adviser to the German Naval Attaché in Japan 6 Oct 43
Sakai Technician from Sumitomo Co. and expert on motor torpedo boat engines 16 Apr 44
Sakato Expert on medical supplies 16 Apr 44
Satake Radar expert June 43
Schuffner To be attached to the German Military Attaché's office in Japan 16 Apr 44
Shiba, Lt. Col. Anti-aircraft ordnance and precision optical goods expert 16 Apr 44
Spahn Head of Nazi Party in Japan 10 May 43


*Lost in route.


    Left Europe
Sugita, Med. Capt.   10 May 43
Tanno Aircraft expert 16 Apr 44
[Urio] Anti-aircraft ordnance expert 16 Apr 44
Yokoi, Rear Adm. Former Naval Attaché in Berlin 6 Oct 43
Yoshida, Lt. Col. Submarine fuel expert 16 Apr 44
Woermann, Ernst German Ambassador to Nanking 10 May 43
  A German Diesel engine expert June 43
  Ten other German technicians 10 May 43


Commodities believed to have shipped from the Far East to Europe by submarine 1942-44

  Commodity Quantity believed
to have been
available for shipment
Amount believed
to have been
Amount known
1. Tungsten 250 tons 80 tons plus an unknown amount 50 tons
2. Molybdenum 40 tons Unknown amount See Ttn
3. Tin Large quantities 178 tons (including some molybdenum) plus and unknown amount 178b tons (including some molybdenum)
4. Gold bullion   6 tons 2 tons
5. Rubber Large quantities 73 tons plus an unknown amount 54 tons plus an unknown amount
6. Quinine 27 tons 3 tons 3 tons
7. Opium 17 tons 2.63 tons 2.88 tons
8. Japanese electronic equipment and drawings   Unknown amount  
9. Aerial torpedoes No. 2-53.3 cm.   3  
10. Miscellaneous documents, including weather maps of the Indian Ocean, code books, etc.     All the documents


Persons known to have been passengers on submarines going from the Far East to Europe 1942-44

    Left Far East
Emi, Tetzujiro, Comdr. To study German submarine construction Apr 43
Gamo* Ordnance engineer and expert of the Tokyo Mitsubishi Instrument Co. Apr 44
Hagino, Ichitaro* A director of the Tokyo Gauge Co. and a gyro expert Apr 44
Ikeda   15 Dec 43
Imasato[?] To study Italian submarine construction 15 Dec 43
Kawakita, Jiro To study German jet-propelled planes 15 Dec 43
Kiyota, 1st Class Petty Officer   Apr 44
Kojima, Rear Adm. To be Japan's Naval Attaché in Germany and Vichy France 15 Dec 43
Kumamato, Hasatochi, 1st Class Petty Officer   Apr 44
Maeda, Toshi* Ordnance engineer to study German motor torpedo boat Apr 44
Minakawa   15 Dec 43
Mizuno, Ichiro* Engineer of the Japan Optical Works Apr 44


*Lost en route


    Left Far East
Moriwaki, Fujio* German language typist and translator Apr 44
Murakami   15 Dec 43
Nagamori   15 Dec 43
Nagao* Radar expert Apr 44
Nakayama   15 Dec 43
Okada, Hidetaka, 1st Class Petty Officer*   Apr 44
Okada, Soiichi* Communications machine expert Apr 44
Okuyama, Ryoitsu, 1st Class Petty Officer*   Apr 44
Samejima   15 Dec 43
Satori, Jihei   15 Dec 43
Sunagawa, Eamasa*   Apr 44
Tamai Appointed Japan's Assistant Naval Attaché in Portugal, October 1944 15 Dec 43
Tamaru, Lt. Comdr.   15 Dec 43
Tomonaga, Hideo, Lt. Comdr. To study German submarine construction Apr 43
Ukai, Jasuji* Business machine expert of the Aichi Clock Co. Apr 44
Umezaki, Kanae, Tech. Comdr. Apointed Japan's Assistant Naval Attaché in Spain, October 1944 15 Dec 4


*Lost en route


    Left Far East
Waraya, Takeshi* Ordnance engineer and expert of the Tokyo Mitsubishi Instrument Co. Apr 44
  50 crew members to man the U-1224 on voyage to the Far East 27 June 43


*Lost en route



Published: Wed Aug 23 14:10:37 EDT 2017