BATTLESHIP NAVAL GUNFIRE SUPPORT (NGFS) IN OPERATION DESERT STORM
The battleships WISCONSIN and MISSOURI contributed significantly to DESERT STORM in providing naval gunfire support for troops ashore. Their unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) gave them unique reconnaissance capabilities that were extensively used. The two battleships delivered over 2.1 million pounds of ordnance -- the equivalent of 542 A-6 missions. Battle damage assessment (BDA) was available for 41 of 80 missions and indicated that 68% of the targets received heavy damage or worse.
|Number of 16-inch missions fired:
||Number of 16-inch round fired:
Total ordnance delivered:
2,166,000 pounds (approximate)
4,322 Mk 82 bomb equivalents
542 A-6 mission equivalents
41 (52%) missions were spotted by organic UAV.
8 (10%) missions were spotted by ground or air spotter.
31 (38%) missions were pre-planned/not spotted.
Calls for fire:
(18%) missions were called for by ground forces.
(82%) missions were pre-planned or self-determined.
Battle damage assessment (BDA):
BDA was not available for 39 missions due to lack of spotter or smoke and/or haze. BDA was available for 41 missions (68 targets):
|light to moderate damage
Types of targets in NGFS missions:
small boats (in port)
infantry in trenches
ammo storage sites
13 (1 mission)
troops in the open