44-507-Hose Masks for Damage-Control Purposes
S93-(6) (688), EN28/A2-11, 22 April 1944
ACTION: ALL FORCE AND TYPE COMMANDERS
(Enc.: (A) Photograph of ND Mark III Gas Mask Modified to a Hose Mask.)
1. The Bureau has received recommendations from the Fleet Maintenance Officer, Commander Service Force, Pacific Fleet, and various ships for gas masks of the "hose" or "air-line"type for entering voids such as those containing gasoline vapors and spaces with extremely small access hatches, etc., in which the use of the present oxygen rescue breathing apparatus would be unsatisfactory.
2. Hose masks or air-line masks, as they are sometimes called, usually consist of a gas mask facepiece with adjustable head harness and a length of air hose, one end of which is connected to the facepiece and the other end terminating in fresh air or connected to a compressed-air supply, such as a compressed-air cylinder with intervening air regulator, or to an air pump with intervening air reservoir.
3. The Bureau proposes to supplement the oxygen rescue breathing apparatus with hose masks which will be carried on board as permanent equipment in damage-control repair lockers on the basis of two for each locker.
4. An experimental lot of hose masks fitted with 100 feet of air hose, air regulator, pressure gage, quickly acting connection for connecting the hose to a compressed-air supply, and a safety belt and life line are being shipped to the Fleet Maintenance Officer, Commander Service Force, Pacific Fleet, for trial use to determine the suitability of the mask fittings as standard equipment. If these fittings are found satisfactory, the number of sets required will be procured and furnished each ship for converting the facepieces of standard ND Mark III or Mark IV service gas masks into hose masks. In the meantime, the Bureau has no objection to ships improvising hose masks from the facepieces of the standard ND Mark III and Mark IV service gas mask. This may be accomplished by the ship's force as follows:
(a) Tear off the friction tape at each end of the canister, cut the binding wires and pull the corrugated rubber tubes from the ends of the canister.
(b) Provide an air manifold as illustrated in enclosure (A), figure 1. This manifold may be made of 1" low-pressure seamless brass tubing. Drill two ¼" holes, one near each end, as shown, to allow for free flow of air in case the corrugated rubber tubing, through accident or otherwise, is pressed against and closes the end openings of the manifold.
(c) To each end of the manifold, silver-solder a brass disk leaving a ½" diameter hole in the middle and an out-side diameter 1/8" greater than the outside diameter of the end of the manifold. The disk should be accurately centered and when so installed it provides a flange or bead over which the elbow of the corrugated breathing tube is drawn.
(d) In the center of the manifold and in direct line with the two ¼" diameter holes, referred to under (b) above, drill a hole of sufficient diameter to permit the insertion of the end of a regular oxygen-hose coupling of sufficient size to take a 5/16" inside diameter or larger air hose. Silver-solder this connection securely in place.
(e) Apply three coats of No. 4 steel and rubber cement to the manifold, taking care to prevent its entrance into the air holes. Allow the cement to dry between coats. Draw the elbow of the corrugated breathing tubes over the ends of the manifold, taking care that the wall of the elbow clears the end and side air holes. Cover the end of each breathing tube with several turns of friction tape. Seize the ends of the breathing tubes to the manifold with three turns of small-gage brass or copper wire over the friction tape. Apply several coats of cement and cover entire manifold with a layer of rubber tape, followed by one coat of glyptal (electric insulating varnish). The complete air manifold assembly is illustrated in enclosure (A), figure 2.
(f) From a low-pressure ¼" globe valve (figure 4 of enclosure (A)), remove the valve stem, seat, and gland packing. Silver-solder single end oxygen hose couplings to the valve supply and exhaust openings. The couplings are shown in figure 6, enclosure (A). They should be of sufficient size to take 5/16" inside diameter or larger air hose. This is the air control valve. Silver-solder the globe of the valve to a 3" x 2" piece of brass plate (approximately 18 gage) in a position that when installed on a body belt, the intake opening will point to the rear, the valve stem to the front, and the exhaust opening upward. Reassemble the valve and make suitable provision for fastening the brass plate to the wearer's belt.
(g) Attach a short length of 5/16" inside diameter or larger air or oxygen hose from the air mask to the control valve and one or two 50' lengths of the same size hose as may be required from the control valve to the air supply. The hose should not be less than 5/16" inside diameter.
(h) The head harness pad of ND Mark III and Mark IV gas masks is fitted with a wire bail from which the canister is suspended. This bail, by wiring it to the manifold as shown in figure 2, enclosure (A), can be likewise used to support the manifold from the head pad.
(i) Air supply should preferably be from cylinders containing compressed air or from the low-pressure air lines of ships, reduced to proper operating pressures by means of a two-stage regulator. Tests have indicated that a standard 200 cu. ft. cylinder, fully charged with compressed air, will serve one man from one and one-half hours, if the pressure in the facepiece is maintained at a pressure just slightly above the pressure of the surrounding air. As an alternative, the air supply may be derived from compressors or hand-operated pumps provided the intake of same is located in pure air and the lubricants used are not toxic or obnoxious, and also that an air reservoir of at least 1 cu. Ft. capacity be interposed in the air line between the source of supply of air and the wearer. The latter is to insure a constant flow of air by eliminating the pulsations in air flow otherwise induced by the compressors or pumps. Hand-operated pumps, such as used with shallow-water diving outfits, have been found satisfactory for this purpose.
(j) Wearers of the above gas masks should be equipped with life lines made of rope or small wire cable secured to a belt. The latter can be made up on board. It should be of sufficient strength to support a man of average weight with at least a 50-percent factor of safety. The life line should be loosely lashed to the hose to reduce the possibility of fouling.
5.The Bureau desires to emphasize the following characteristics of these masks:
(a) It is necessary that a continuous positive pressure be maintained in the facepiece at all times.
(b) The maximum length of hose which can be used without a pump or compressed air bank is 25' with a minimum inside diameter of 1". Longer lengths may be used with a pump.
(c) It is possible for the space in which the pump is located to become contaminated with smoke or gas, in which case the wearer of the mask would be supplied with contaminated air.
(d) The trailing hose is susceptible to burning if there is any intervening flame and to fouling where there is wreckage or other structural obstruction. These conditions could result in stoppage of air and necessitating the removal of the mask by the wearer.
6.These converted masks are not intended for use under conditions where the pressure of the surrounding medium is greater than atmospheric pressure. Where such masks are desired for shallow-water diving, conversion should be in accordance with the Bureau's letter S94-3(1) (88OT), EN28/A2-11, of 24 August 1943 appearing as Article R-1375 of Navy Department Bulletin of 1 September 1943, Vol. III, No.5. [N.D. Bul. Cum. Ed. 1943, p.1118.]-BuShips. W.F. Christmas.
Source: "Hose Masks for Damage-Control Purposes."Navy Department Bulletin. (January-June, 1944): 670-673.
44-557-Navy Nurse Corps Uniforms
Pers-34-RT, JJ55-3, 2 May 1944
ACTION: ALL SHIPS AND STATIONS
1.The Secretary of the Navy has recently approved the following for members of the Navy Nurse Corps:
(a) During such time as the members of the Navy Nurse Corps have actual rank they are authorized to wear the cap insignia as now worn by commissioned officers of the Navy with similar black mohair braid and without the gold strap and buttons.
(b) A slate-gray uniform is authorized as an optional item of uniform of the following general specifications:
Color: Gray (in conformity with the officers' gray working uniform).
Style: One piece, double-breasted, open front, notched revers and collar, long sleeves with two-button cuffs; six-gore skirt with full kick pleat center front; loose belt with two buttons.
Material: Plain weave cotton, rayon, or tropical worsted.
Buttons: Blue-black plastic (22 ½ and 35 line), regulation.
Insignia: Right collar tip, miniature rank insignia; left collar tip, miniature Nurse Corps insignia.
Caps: 1. Regulation cap with gray cap cover. 2. Gray garrison cap (miniature rank insignia worn on right side, miniature cap device on left side, each 2 inches from front edge).
Accessories: SHOES, black; HOSE, beige; GLOVES, gray; PURSE, regulation.
The above uniform may be worn in lieu of service dress white at informal occasions. Service dress white will be worn at official and social occasions where formal or semiformal summer civilian dress would be appropriate.
(c)Lower pocket on white outdoor uniform-Change from bellows pocket to patch pocket in conformity with officers' gray working uniform.*
(d)White indoor uniform-Change to coat type by opening front all the way for greater ease in donning.*
* = During the necessary transition period nurses will be permitted to wear white outdoor uniforms and white indoor uniforms now in their possession or manufactured until the supply of these uniforms in stock is exhausted or those in possession are won out.
-- BuPers L.E. Denfeld.
Source: "Navy Nurse Corps Uniforms." Navy Department Bulletin. (January-June, 1944): 560-561.
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 162-46
46-1504-Navy Nurse Corps Uniforms
Pers-329-MEB, QR/JJ55, 13 July 1946
ACTION: ALL SHIPS AND STATIONS
(Ref.: (a) US Navy Uniform Regulations, 1941, ch. XIV, "Nurse Corps.")
(Enc.: (A) Regulations Governing the Wearing of the Gray Seersucker Working Uniform, Reserve Blue Working Smock, and Navy Blue Slacks by Members of the Navy Nurse Corps.)
1.The Secretary of the Navy has approved the optional wearing of a gray seersucker working uniform, reserve blue working smock, and Navy blue slacks by members of the Navy Nurse Corps. These articles of uniform, with their accessories, shall be the same as those prescribed for members of the Women's Reserve, and they shall be worn in exactly the same manner as that prescribed for WAVES, with the following exceptions:
(a )Navy Nurse Corps insignia shall be substituted for WAVE insignia.
(b) No jacket devices shall be worn on the rounded ends of jacket lapels.
2.Pending revision of reference (a), enclosure (A) shall govern the wearing of these articles of uniform. The gray working uniform dress (cotton, rayon, or tropical worsted) previously authorized may be worn until the supply of these dresses in stock is exhausted or those in possession are worn out. - BuPers. Felix Johnson.
REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE WEARING OF THE GRAY SEERSUCKER WORKING UNIOFRM, RESERVE BLUE WORKING SMOCK, AND NAVY BLUE SLACKS BY MEMBERS OF THE NAVY NURSE CORPS
1.The following is the designation of the gray working uniform:
Coat: Gray (Seersucker)
Dress: Gray (Seersucker)
Garrison Cap: Gray (Seersucker)
Necktie : Black (two-piece)
Gloves : Black
Handbag : Black
Ribbons : Yes
Collar insignia : Yes
Aviation insignia : Yes
Sleeve stripes : Blue
Corps devices : Blue
1 The coat of the working uniform may be removed indoors. It may be omitted when authorized by the commanding officer.
2 The commanding officer may authorize the omission of the necktie only within station limits and only when the coat is removed.
4 WAVES' black leather handbag or Nurses' cordé purse. The use of the shoulder strap of the black leather handbag is optional.
5 On the coat of the gray working uniform one or two rows of ribbons shall be centered on the left pocket flap and each succeeding row shall be worn above the pocket flap. When the coat is not worn, ribbons shall be worn on the dress centered immediately above the top of the pocket.
6 Metal pin-on rank device shall be worn on the right collar and gold metal pin-on corps device shall be worn on the left collar tip. The devices shall be centered on the dress collar 1" from the front edge and shall be placed at right angles to the inside edge; i.e., the neckline.
7 Aviation insignia shall be centered on the left pocket flap of the coat. When worn with ribbons, the aviation insignia shall be placed above the pocket flap. When the coat is not worn, aviation insignia shall be worn on the dress, centered immediately above the top of the pocket. When worn with ribbons, the aviation insignia shall be uppermost, ¼" above the top row of ribbons.
8 Sleeve stripes shall be navy blue mohair, cotton, or rayon braid.
9 Corps devices (embroidered) shall be Navy blue silk, rayon, or cotton embroidery except that the acorn shall be reserve blue.
2. Reserve blue working smock.-The smock is to be used as a laboratory uniform by members of the Nurse Corps taking courses such as occupational therapy, physical therapy, and dietetics. Pin-on devices of rank and corps may be worn in the same relative position as prescribed for the gray working uniform.
3. Navy blue slacks.-Navy blue slacks may be prescribed for wear on occasions when the wearing of other uniforms is not practicable, such as on travel status overseas.
Source: "Navy Nurse Corps Uniforms." Navy Department Bulletin. (July-December, 1946): 250-251.
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 11-44
44-104-Officers Attached to Fleet Aircraft Squadrons, Minimum Uniform Requirements for
Pers-34-RT, JJ55-3, 15 January 1944
ACTION: ALL SHIPS AND STATIONS
1.Officers attached to fleet aircraft squadrons will be required to have available only prescribed aviation working uniforms when serving away from the designated home port of the squadron to which attached. - BuPers. L.E. Denfeld.
Source: "Officers Attached to Fleet Aircraft Squadrons, Minimum Uniform Requirements." Navy Department Bulletin. (January-June, 1944): 444.
43-1375-Shallow-Water Diving Mask-Use of Gas Masks
S94-3-(1) (880T), EN28/A2-11, 24 August 1943
ACTION: ALL SHIPS AND STATIONS
(Ref.: (a) BuShips ltr. S94-3-(2) (8688) EN28/A2-11, to all Ships and Stations dated 12 November 1942. (b) CO USS Helenaltr. CL50/S94(07), dated 12 January 1943. (c) CO USS Curtissltr. AV4/S94 serial 021, dated 6 April 1943. (d) Comdt. NYd, PH S94/S77 serial 104764 of 2/10/43 to BuShips.)
(Enc.: (A) Arrangement of Connection of Gas Mask. (B) Side View of the Converted Gas Mask.)
1. In order to provide a shallow-water diving outfit that would overcome the limitations of the helmet outfit, a face mask, described in reference (a), was adopted for shallow-water diving. With the new mask, a diver is able to assume any position and accomplish work that could not be done with the helmet. By adding the correct amount of weights to give proper buoyancy, the diver can attain almost complete freedom of motion under the water.
2. Due to the delay necessarily caused by changing to a new outfit, it was impossible, temporarily, to furnish the new shallow-water outfits to a great number of activities requiring them. Therefore, various activities, as reported in references (b) to (d), improvised diving outfits from service gas masks ND-MkIII or IV. These activities have reported obtaining very satisfactory results with the converted masks. For those activities not familiar with the use of the gas mask as a diving mask, the following method of making the conversion is recommended by the Bureau.
(a) Double rubber flutter valve back on itself and seize tightly with tape to prevent air from escaping through it. It should be noted that air escapes from the mask around the periphery.
(b) Unscrew diaphragm retainer ring and remove diaphragm. Insert a solid blank disc of sheet metal, and make watertight by means of a rubber gasket under the disc; screw retainer ring on tightly. It is advisable to wind tape around retainer ring to insure a watertight connection.
(c) Remove canister, being careful not to damage the gas-mask tubes.
(d) Connect the gas-mask tubes with a piece of brass tubing, in the form of a "T". Secure the brass tubing in gas-mask tubes, using gasket cement and hose clamp or some other suitable means.
(e) Attach to the leg of the "T", a nonreturn valve that will open at a low pressure (about 8 ounces) and have an orifice of sufficient area of flow corresponding to 5/16" diameter hose. This is a minimum requirement. There should be no leakage when the external pressure falls below the pressure in the mask.
(f) Make the necessary adapters to connect the diver's air-control valve (globe valve is satisfactory) to a standard 5/16" oxygen hose fitting. To the discharge side of the globe valve secure a 3-foot length of oxygen hose leading to the nonreturn valve on the "T" connection. To the inlet side, attach a 50-foot length of standard oxygen welding hose. The globe valve should be attached to the cartridge belt to prevent sudden strains jerking the mask off.
(g) When using the shallow-water pump, a volume tank not less than 1/2 cubic foot should be used. Attach one end of 50-foot length of hose to the discharge side of the tank. To inlet side of the tank, connect a suitable length of hose to the pump.
(h) A life line made of 21-thread manila rope should always be secured to the diver. The line should be secured to the air hose as shown in the enclosures, and should be readily detachable from the diver in the event of fouling.
This assembly will provide the greatest amount of freedom, and generally conforms to the standard practice of hose, life line, and control valve arrangement.
3. In some instances, masks have been used to depths beyond what would normally be considered shallow water. In this connection, the Bureau does not recommend the use of the shallow-water diving mask below 36 feet, except in special cases, and then only by trained divers. Diving should not be undertaken by untrained personnel, except under the supervision of a diving officer or trained divers designated by the diving officer, and then the depth of dive should not exceed 36 feet. The basic requirement of all diving is that sufficient air be supplied the diver. Due notice must be taken of the dangers involved, and good judgment is a requisite if diving is to be carried on with any degree of safety. If diving is carried on at depths below 36 feet, the same decompression must be given as for similar dives of the dressed diver. Ascent from depths of 36 feet or less may be made up the ascending line, or by stage hoisted from the surface at a rate not greater than 50 feet per minute. Divers are cautions against throwing off the mask and swimming to the surface. However, in case the mask is accidentally pulled off the face, the diver should freely vent air from the lungs during the ascent.
4. In addition to diving on air, pure oxygen may be used as a breathing medium up to 40 feet. However, pure oxygen should not be used to greater depths, due to the toxic effect of oxygen. Individual tolerances vary greatly, and individual susceptibility should be determined.
5. The primary reason for the distinctions between shallow-water and deep-sea diving outfits is the physical danger involved in using shallow-water equipment, and not the physiological dangers, which are the same regardless of the type of equipment used. Shallow-water outfits are furnished to activities that do not have specific diving duties assigned, but have small and necessary jobs to accomplish at infrequent intervals. This equipment is furnished for work of a nature that can more easily and just as safely be accomplished by using a shallow-water outfit, such as clearing a hawser from a ship's screw, cleaning strainers and scuppers, cleaning the ship's bottom, searching for objects lost in comparatively shallow and warm water. However, where more extensive operations are concerned, such as battle-damage repair, salvage, or any work that necessitates the diver working inside the ship or in or around where there is extensive damage, a deep-sea diving outfit should be used. When diving in areas where there is extensive damage, or where there are wreckage projections, the diver wearing a gas mask or standard mask is very likely to sustain serious physical injuries, particularly about the head. Under such conditions, a diver in either is apt to become fouled in some manner. However, the possibility of the diver losing his air supply is less likely in a full dress than with only a mask that can be readily pulled off the face.
6. It should be noted that while diving with a mask of any type offers greater freedom and permits more work to be accomplished, there are certain hazards that must be guarded against that are not encountered when using the shallow-water helmet. It should not be assumed that, because of the flexity of the mask, it is impossible to get a squeeze. In the ideal case, where the mask would be flexible enough to completely collapse against the face when the air pressure is lost, there would be little likelihood of the diver's face being squeezed. However, this is not the case with either the standard mask or the gas mask, which are not completely collapsible. In order to eliminate the possibility of getting a face squeeze, all masks should be equipped with the nonreturn or check valve on the supply line as specified in paragraph 2(e) at the same or lower level than the mask, since squeeze resulting in rupture of the blood vessels of eyes, nose and lungs, etc., can occur at any time that the pressure in the mask falls below the surrounding water pressure.
7. When diving in cold water the objective must be to reduce the circulation of water in the vicinity of the skin. This can be accomplished to some extent by wearing heavy underwear, or to a lesser extent by using a coating of heavy grease.
8. While very satisfactory results have been obtained with the use of the gas mask, it should be remembered that the gas-mask diving outfit is an improvisation, and the mask part of the equipment being used has been furnished for a definite purpose other than diving. However, the Bureau does consider the gas mask to be a very satisfactory substitute for the standard mask.-- BuShips.P.W. Hains.
Source: "Shallow-Water Diving Mask: Use of Gas Mask." Navy Department Bulletin. (Cumulative edition, 1943): 1118-1121.
44-214-Shoes and Working Uniforms
29 February 1944
Because of restricted supply present WPB allocations clothing and textiles necessitate closer scrutiny and supervision in use and replacements particularly shoes and items working uniform. Direct precautionary measures requiring maximum utilization be instituted. - SecNav. Frank Knox.
Source: "Shoes and Working Uniforms." Navy Department Bulletin. (January-June, 1944): 100.
46-1073 - Special and Protective Clothing, Study of and Cognizance Over
Op-101-LL, Serial 69P101, 20 May 1946
ACTION: ALL BUREAUS AND OFFICES, NAVY DEPARTMENT FLEET, FORCE, AND TYPE COMMANDERS
(Copy to: All Ships and Stations Via NAVY DEPARTMENT BULLETIN)
(Ref.: (a)SecNav ltr. JAG:I:LHCJ:jew, of 16 Nov. 1945. [(b)?] SecNav ltr. Op-10B-MD, serial 6-410, of 26 June 1943.)
1. The Permanent Naval Uniform Board is directed by reference (a) to "conduct a continuing study of uniforms and special and protective clothing for naval personnel" and to "include in its study the preparation of general specifications covering designs and materials, the establishment of allowances, and the methods of procedure for procurement and issue."
2. The Bureau of Supplies and Accounts is given cognizance by reference (b) "over the detail specifications, procurement, testing, inspection, custody, issue, and renovation of all items of special and protective clothing, except flight clothing worn by personnel actually engaged in flying and special equipment designed for occupational uses when protection against climatic conditions is not primarily involved."
3. In order to obtain for the Navy as a whole the benefits of study and research in this field, the various bureaus, offices, and services will refer their problems to the Uniform Board. The Uniform Board, in conjunction with the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts as outlined in reference (b), will proceed as outlined in reference (a), calling upon the various activities for such assistance as may be necessary from time to time. - SecNav. John L. Sullivan.
Source: "Special and Protective Clothing, Study of and Cognizance Over." Navy Department Bulletin. (January-June, 1946): 144.
OpNav (21D). 25 July 1946
The following uniform policy is quoted for the information of commissioned, warrant, and chief petty officers: At a later date khaki tropical worsted, wool gabardine, Palm-Beach type, or rayon gabardine uniform will be designated as the summer serviceuniform and the khaki cotton shirt and trousers will be designated as the summer working uniform. Gray uniforms will be permitted until 15 October 1948. The white uniform will be designated as summer dress. - SecNav. James Forrestal.
Source: "Summer Uniforms." Navy Department Bulletin. (July-December, 1946): 62.
42-857 - Swords-Abolished as Part of Uniform
JJ55-3/1510, 15 October 1942
ACTION: ALL SHIPS AND STATIONS
1.Officers of the Navy, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps, shall no longer be required to possess swords as part of their uniform equipment.
2.The various uniform regulations will be modified accordingly.
3.It is expected that a form of dirk will, in due course, be adopted as uniform equipment in lieu of the sword.
4.Due to the urgent need for metals, it is suggested that officers, who may so desire, turn in their swords for scrap.-SecNav. Frank Knox.
Source: "Swords - Abolished as Part of Unniform."Navy Department Bulletin. (Cumulative edition, 1943): 660.
41-2049-Swords, Possession and Use of
JJ55-3(1180) Nav-BW, 12 August 1941
ACTION: ALL SHIPS AND STATIONS
(Ref.: (a) Paragraph #1-12, US Navy Uniform Regulations, 1941. (b) BuPers Circ. Ltr. No. 29-41.)
1. In view of the urgent need for metals used in the manufacture of swords, prescribed as part of the Navy uniform, effective upon receipt of this letter, officers upon first reporting for active duty will not be required to own swords.
2. Senior officers present, at their discretion, may discontinue the wearing of the sword by officers in their commands.
3. Sword belts continue as part of the uniform and may be worn on prescribed occasions in lieu of the sword.
4. Bureau of Naval Personnel Circular Letter #29-41 is modified accordingly by eliminating the possession of a sword by a Naval Reserve Officer as a requirement for obtaining uniform gratuities.
5. This directive will continue in effect until further notice.-BuPers. C.W. Nimitz.
NOTE: Paragraphs 1 and 2 superseded by SecNav Ltr. JJ55-3/1510, of 15 Oct. 1942. Paragraph 4 has been superseded. Paragraph 3 remains in effect.
Source: "Swords, Possession and Use of." Navy Department Bulletin. (Cumulative edition, 1943): 591.
CIRCULAR LETTER NO. 182-44
44-755-Uniform for Chief Cooks and Chief Stewards and Cooks and Stewards
Pers-34-ECS, JJ55-3, 29 June 1944
ACTION: ALL SHIPS AND STATIONS
(Ref.: (a) U.S. Navy Uniform Regulations, 1941, Ch. VII (Cooks and Stewards).)
1. The Secretary of the Navy has approved the following changes in the uniform for chief cooks and chief stewards and cooks and stewards:
a. The uniform for chief cooks and chief stewards shall be the same in all respects as for chief petty officers. The uniform for cooks and stewards shall be the same as that for chief petty officers with the exception of the cap device and the buttons on the chin strap which will be the same as are now worn, and the insignia of rating which will be the same as petty officers' with one, two, or three chevrons to designate third, second, or first class, respectively. The insignia of rating for chief cooks and chief stewards and cooks and stewards shall consist of eagle, chevrons, and specialty mark, using the same specialty mark now worn.
b. The above-prescribed uniform for chief cooks and chief stewards and cooks and stewards includes chief petty officer Type I and Type II raincoats as prescribed in art. 4-23, US Navy Uniform Regulations, 1941.
c. The above does not authorize the officer-type raincoat which was authorized for wear by chief petty officers to avoid the purchase of two raincoats in connection with their rapid promotion through chief petty officer to commissioned or warrant rank.
2. The following changes in reference (a) will therefore be made:
Art. 7-30, put a period after "officers" and delete remainder of sentence.
Art. 7-31, delete present article and substitute the following: "This garment shall be the same as for chief petty officers."
Art. 7-35, put a period after "officers" and delete remainder of sentence.
Art. 7-38, delete present article and substitute the following: "This article shall be the same as for chief petty officers."
Art. 7-39, delete present article and substitute the following: "Chief cooks and chief stewards shall wear the same cap and cap device as prescribed for chief petty officers. Cooks and stewards shall wear the same cap prescribed for chief petty officers except that black buttons shall be substituted for gilt, and the cap device shall consist of two small, thin, parallel gilt bars bearing the letters "U.S.N.", so arranged thereon that the top of the letters shall rest upon the upper bar and the bottom of the letters and periods upon the lower bar."
Art. 8-5(d), under list of specialty marks, delete "officers'" after "Cooks".
Art. 8-7(d)(12), delete entire article. Renumber remaining subparagraphs "(13) to (20)", "(12) to (19)", respectively.
Art. 11-41, delete and substitute the following: "Chief cooks and chief stewards shall wear the working uniform prescribed for chief petty officers. Cooks and stewards shall wear the working uniform prescribed for chief petty officers with the exception of the cap device and the buttons on the chin strap which will be the same as are now worn, and the insignia of rating which will be the same as petty officers with one, two, or three chevrons to designate third, second, or first class, respectively. When the garrison cap is worn, cooks and stewards shall wear their regular cap device on the left side, two inches from the front edge. All insignia of rating on the working uniform shall be blue markings on a background to match the color of the uniform."
Delete Annex E.
3. During the necessary transition period chief cooks and chief stewards and cooks and stewards will be permitted to wear their present uniforms and insignia until no longer serviceable. - BuPers. L.E. Denfeld.
Source: "Uniform for Chief Cooks and Chief Stewards and Cooks and Stewards." Navy Department Bulletin. (January-June 1944): 625-626.
45-1075 -- Uniforms of Chief Petty Officers, Chief Cooks, Chief Stewards, Cooks, and Stewards-Changes in
Pers-329-ECS, A2-3, 17 August 1945
ACTION: ALL SHIPS AND STATIONS
(Ref.: (a) US Navy Uniform Regulations, 1941.)
1. The Secretary of the Navy has approved the following changes in reference (a):
(a) The style and design of the chief petty officer's blue coat shall be made identical with the style and design of the commissioned and warrant officer's blue service coat. (Gilt buttons shall be 35-line.)
(b) The style and design of the chief petty officer's overcoat shall be made identical with the style and design of the commissioned and warrant officer's overcoat. (40-line gilt buttons shall be worn.)
The above changes are effective immediately except that personnel concerned are authorized to wear the old-type uniform until they no longer become serviceable.
2. Detailed changes to the US Navy Uniform Regulations will be issued at a later date.
3. The changes outlined in paragraph 1 above apply to chief cooks, chief stewards, cooks, and stewards. These ratings are also authorized to wear the officer-type raincoat.-BuPers. W.M. Fechteler.
Source: "Uniforms of Chief Petty Officers, Chief Cooks, Chief Stewards, Cooks, and Stewards - Changes in."Navy Department Bulletin. (Cumulative edition, 1943): 476-477.
BUPERSNOTE 1020 of 19 DEC 1983
COMBINATION CAP FOR E1-E6 MEN
On 1 Oct 1983, the combination cap was deleted from the E1-E6 men's clothing allowance and white hats were required for all uniforms. Authority was extended at the option of prescribing authority to authorize the combination cap with Summer White, Winter Blue and Winter Working Blue uniforms. Effective 1 May 1984, combination cap will no longer be authorized for wear for E1-E6 men. The white hat will be required for all E1-E6 uniforms.
Source: United States. Bureau of Naval Personnel. "Combination Cap for E1-E6 Men." BUPERS Notice. 1020. 19 December 1983.
BUPERS NOTICE 1020
22 December 1983
BUPERS NOTICE 1020
From: Chief of Naval Personnel
To: All Ships and Stations (less Marine Corps field addressees not having Navy personnel attached)
Subj: Unit Identification Marks
Ref: (a) US Navy Uniform Regulations, 1981
Encl: (1) List of Authorized Units
(2) Contract and Ordering Information
1. Purpose. To promulgate information and authorization for wearing Unit Identifcation Marks (UIM).
2. Background. UIMs originally stem from the unit name cap ribbon, which was a mark of distinction for seagoing personnel. UIMs were authorized for operating forces personnel prior to the introduction of the service dress blue coat and tie style uniform in 1973. With the return to the traditional jumper uniform, and in keeping with the pride and professionalism program, UIMs are being reintroduced for wear on the Naval uniform. The primary objectives of wearing UIMs are to provide public recognition as members of the Operating Forces and enhance unit pride.
3. Eligibility Criteria. Enclosure (1) lists those units considered eligible to wear UIMs with examples of approved abbreviations. Subunits of authorized units will wear the unit identification mark of the parent command. For the purpose of determining eligibility to wear UIMs, units must meet one of the following criteria:
a. operational Staffs;
b. commissioned Ships and Squadrons (Includes Naval Reserve Reinforcement and Augment Personnel); and,
c. units whose mission requires shipboard or advanced base operations.
4. Discussion. Enlisted personnel below chief petty officer assigned to any of the types of operational Naval forces listed enclosure (1) for permanent duty are authorized to wear UIMs on the right sleeve of service dress jumper uniforms, winter blue shirts and short sleeved white shirts. These marks shall be in ¼ inch white block lettering embroidered on black background ½ inch wide and shall be worn parallel to and with top edge 3/8 inch below lower row of shoulder sleeve stitching. They shall be centered on the outer face of the sleeve and shall be sewn on with colorfast blue thread. UIMs are authorized in two lengths, 5 inches and 5-3/4 inches, to accommodate length of unit names. The lettering on the UIMs shall be in accordance with the approved abbreviation of the particular unit. Upon reporting for duty, E1 through E6 personnel will be issued UIMs, seven for men and six for women. Organizations are authorized to purchase UIMs from O&MN funds. UIMs will be ordered in accordance with procedures at enclosure (2).
a. Commanding Officers shall disseminate the information as appropriate.
b. This notice shall be filled with reference (a).
6. Cancellation Contingency. This notice is canceled when incorporated into reference (a).
DAVID L. HARLOW
Deputy Chief of Naval Personnel
SNDL Parts 1 and 2
|LIST OF AUTHORIZED UNITS
||EXAMPLE OF NAME RANK
|Special Commands, Groups and Units
|Administrative Commands and Units
|Squadron, Division and Group Commanders - Ships
|DSV/DSRV Readiness and Training
|Construction Battalions, Regiments and Detachments
|Military Sealift Commands
|Fleet Air Commands
|Air Wings Staffs
Source: United States. Bureau of Naval Personnel. "Unit Identification Marks." BUPERS Notice. 1020. 22 December 1983.
11 SEP 02
OPNAV INSTRUCTION 10126.4C
From: Chief of Naval Operations
Subj: MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL OF LEATHER FLIGHT JACKETS
Ref: (a) NAVPERS 18068F (Manual of Navy Enlisted Manpower and Personnel Classifications and Occupational Standards)
(b) NAVSUP Publication 485, Vol. I
Encl: (1) Sample Command letter
1. Purpose. To issue the inventory and management policy and procedures for the control and accounting of leather flight jackets.
2. Cancellation. OPNAVINST 10126.4B
3. Background. The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) has designated the traditional leather flight jacket as an exclusive clothing item for the service members specifically addressed in this instruction. To ensure its proper distribution, strict controls over procurement, stockage, issuance and disposition will be implemented and scrupulously maintained.
4. Policy. Leather flight jackets are authorized for issue and wear only by:
a. Naval aviators,
b. Naval flight officers (NFOs),
c. Naval flight surgeons, and
d. Navy and Marine Corps enlisted aircrew personnel, who
(1) have completed Naval Aircrew Candidate School, and
(2) have been assigned a Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC) Code series 78xx, 82xx, or 94xx as listed in reference a, or
(3) have been assigned a primary Marine Corps Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) in series 617x, 623x, 624x, 737x, 738x.
5. Procedures. Issue, disposition and reutilization of leather flight jackets will be as follows:
a. Issue. Leather flight jackets will be issued to the following personnel:
(1) Initial Issue:
(a) US undergraduate Navy pilots and NFOs upon completion of Aviation Pre-flight Indoctrination (API) at the Naval Aviation Schools Command (NASC), Naval Air Station, Pensacola (NASP);
(b) US Naval flight surgeons upon completion of the academic portion of the flight surgeon training program at the NASC;
(c) US Navy and Marine Corps enlisted aircrew personnel upon completion of the Naval Aircrewman Candidate School at the NASC.
(d) In lieu of completing Naval Aircrewman Candidate School, U.S. Navy selected reserve aircrew personnel may receive initial issue flight jackets provided paragraph 4 requirements are met and have a forwarding endorsement of such entitlement via Commander, Naval Air Reserve Force (COMNAVAIRESFOR)(N41) thus providing NASP with a single point of entry for this single exception case.
(2) Initial issue is normally accomplished at the Flight Gear Issuing Facility (FGIF), Building 3581, 690 San Carlos Road, NASP. During the initial issue process, the recipient will be entered into the FGIF leather flight jacket database for tracking. Additionally, the recipient's Naval Air Training and Operating Procedures Standardization (NATOPS) Flight Personnel Training/Qualification Jacket (OPNAV 3760/32) will be updated to reflect the issue.
(3) Reissue. Reissues require a "turn-in" leather flight jacket previously issued by the FGIF. If the jacket is unavailable for turn-in, a Missing, Lost, Stolen or Recovered Report (MLSR - DD Form 200) must be provided. Reference (b) provides general instructions on how to complete a DD Form 200. Additionally, a DD Form 1348-6 requisition and command letter personally signed by the commanding officer is required. Reference (b) provides guidance in preparing a DD Form 1348-6 requisition. Enclosure (1) is an example of a properly prepared command letter. Note: "By Direction" signatures are unacceptable and will be rejected.
b. Disposition. Final disposition of the jackets will be as follows:
(1) Personnel qualified to be issued and wear a leather flight jacket may retain their jacket when separating or retiring from the Naval Service under honorable conditions. These personnel, however, will not be authorized any subsequent issues or reissues after retirement or separation.
(2) Personnel not meeting the requirements of paragraph 5(b)(1) will turn in their flight jacket to the Supply Division, FGIF, 690 San Carlos Road, Building 3581, Naval Air Station, Pensacola, FL 32508-5014.
(3) Check-out procedures for departing personnel will include disposition of their jacket.
c. Reutilization. NASP shall attempt to maximize the reutilization of leather flight jacket turn-ins by re-issuing the jackets as "free issue" exchanges with authorized recipients.
a. Commanding Officer, NASP
(1) Partner with the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) to maintain adequate stores of leather flight jackets to support Navy and Marine Corps requirements.
(2) Institute procedures with the DLA so all requisitions for leather flight jackets originating from other services or from Navy activities other than NASP are rejected.
(3) Ensure NASP institutes procedures to remove the inside flap of the jacket on which "USN" or any other government markings are stenciled, prior to turn-in to the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office (DRMO).
(4) Ensure users, when directed, forward turn-ins of leather flight jackets via traceable means to NASP at the address listed in paragraph 5(b)(2). Include with each jacket a DD Form 1348-1 (with 2 copies) annotated with the name, rank (rate/rating/MOS), and social security number of the individual turning in the leather flight jacket. Reference (c) provides guidance in preparing a DD Form 1348-1 turn-in document.
(5) Arrange for security to prevent theft when shipping flight jackets, to include shipment of jackets by traceable means.
(6) Ensure that proper supply and security discipline relative to flight jacket management is exercised at NASP, including setting stock levels, establishing screening and disposition procedures, and developing strict requisition, receipt, and issue controls.
(7) Ensure that the Controlled Item inventory Code (CIIC) assigned to leather flight jackets is "V".
b. Commander, Naval Supply Systems Command (COMNAVSUPSYSCOM).Update appropriate supply publications with these procedures and controls.
c. Commanding Officer, NASC. Provide NASP with a personally signed letter listing the name, rank (rate/rating/MOS), and social security number of the students authorized issuance of a leather flight jacket.
d. COMNAVAIRESFOR (N41). Provide forwarding endorsement of entitlement for initial issue jacket for qualified SELRES Aircrew Candidates under paragraph 5a(1)(d).
e. Type/Air Wing Commanders. Ensure all requisitions for leather flight jackets are for qualified personnel and the accompanying letter is personally signed by the commanding officer. For re-issues, the old jacket, or DD Form 200 (personally signed by the commanding officer), or cash collection voucher discussed in paragraph 6(e)(5) below must accompany a valid DD Form 1348-6 requisition and an accompanying letter personally signed by the commanding officer.
f. Squadron/Station/Activity Commanding Officers.
(1) When officers/enlisted aircrew personnel are re-issued a leather flight jacket (or for initial issues for Navy SELRES enlisted aircrew), ensure that an entry is made in the individual's NATOPS Flight Personnel Training/Qualification Jacket (OPNAV 3760/32). When the issue is made as a result of a survey, the survey number will also be entered.
(2) Provide FGIF a personally signed copy of the disposition letter for personnel separating or retiring from the service under honorable conditions and retaining their flight jacket per paragraph 5(b)(1). Include the name, rank (rate/rating/MOS), and social security number of the individual.
(3) Recover leather flight jackets from officers/enlisted aircrew personnel leaving Naval Service as defined in paragraph 5(b)(2) or complete a DD Form 200. Forward the jacket via traceable means, stripped of all insignia and patches, to NASP for disposition. Include with each jacket a DD Form 1348-1 (with 2 copies) annotated with the name, rank (rate/rating/MOS), and social security number of the individual turning in the leather flight jacket.
(4) Upon discovery of a loss, immediately determine if there is evidence of negligence, willful misconduct, or deliberate unauthorized use. If there is, designate an officer to initiate a DD Form 200 unless the responsible individual voluntarily consents to reimburse the Government. In the case of voluntary reimbursement, a copy of the collection voucher will be used to support adjustments to the records.
(1) The Supply, Ordnance and Logistics Operations Division (N41) will maintain this instruction.
(2) The Air Warfare Division (N78) will be the final decision making authority on leather flight jacket entitlement questions.
7. Report. The reporting requirements contained in this instruction are exempt from reports control per SECNAVINST 5214.2B.
CHARLES W. MOORE, JR.
Deputy Chief of Naval Operations
(Fleet Readiness and Logistics)
Source: United States. Chief of Naval Operations. "Management and Control of Leather Flight Jackets." OPNAV [Office of the Chief of Naval Operations] Instruction 10126.4C. 11 September 2002.
Changes to Navy Uniform Regulations
NAVADMIN 021/03 announces significant revisions to the Navy personal appearance policy. These changes, approved by CNO, are effective immediately and will be reflected in the next change to Uniform Regulations. Navy grooming and personal appearance policy is intended to ensure that naval personnel set and maintain the highest standards of professional appearance in uniform. Due to the increasing popularity of body art and ornamentation, Navy policy is being revised to provide clearly defined guidance. The revisions include:
a. Establishment of a tattoo policy for Navy personnel,
b. Clarification of personal appearance policy with regard to intentional mutilation of body parts, and
c. Clarification of personal appearance policy with regard to dental ornamentation.
To view/print this NAVADMIN in its entirety, go to http://www.bupers.navy.mil/navadmin/nav03/nav03021.txt. This NAVADMIN should be filed in the U.S. Navy Uniform Regulations, NAVPERS 15665, until revisions are incorporated into the Apr 03 quarterly BUPERS Directive CD-ROM change. (2/3)
R 242055Z JAN 03 ZYB MIN PSN 370153J19
FM CNO Washington DC//DNS//
Subject: Navy Uniforms
AMPN/REF A IS U.S. NAVY UNIFORM REGULATIONS, NAVPERS 15665 ON JAN 03
BUPERS DIRECTIVE CD ROM.//
POC/K.D. WILLIAMS/SKCM/NO9BU/LOC:CNO WASH DC/TEL:703-614-5075//
1. The Chief of Naval Operations approved significant revisions to the Navy personal appearance policy. These changes are effective immediately and will be reflected in the next change to uniform regulations. The revisions include:
A. Establishment of a tattoo policy for Navy personnel.
B. Clarification of personal appearance policy with regard to intentional mutilation of body parts.
C. Clarification of personal appearance policy with regard to dental ornamentation.
2. Navy grooming and personal appearance policy is intended to ensure that Navy personnel set and maintain the highest standards of professional appearance in uniform. Due to the increasing popularity of body art and ornamentation, Navy policy is being revised to provide clearly defined guidance.
3. For clarification purposes, revisions and additions to Navy Uniform Regulations, Article 2201 are quoted below in their entirety. (R) indicates revision. (A) indicates addition. "(R) 2201. Personal Appearance. Because it is impossible to provide examples of every appropriate or unacceptable hairstyle or of 'conservative' or 'eccentric' grooming and personal appearance, the good judgement of leaders at all levels is key to enforcement of Navy grooming policy. Therefore, hair/grooming/personal appearance while in uniform shall present a neat, professional appearance. (A) 7. Tattoos/Body Art/Brands. No tattoos/body art/brands on the head, face, neck, or scalp. Tattoos/body art/brands elsewhere on the body that are prejudicial to good order, discipline and morale or are of a nature to bring discredit upon the Navy are prohibited. For example, tattoos/body art/brands that are excessive, obscene, sexually explicit or advocate or symbolize sex, gender, racial, religious, ethnic or national origin discrimination are prohibited. In addition, tattoos/body art/brands that advocate or symbolize gang affiliation, supremacist or extremist groups, or drug use are prohibited. Tattoos/body art/brands will not be visible through uniform clothing. Waivers may be requested for prior service and existing tattoos from the Chief of Naval Operations (NO9BU).
"(A) 8. Mutilation. Intentional body mutilation, piercing (see 2201.6C), branding/intentional scarring that are excessive or eccentric are prohibited. Some examples are:
(1). A split or forked tongue;
(2). Foreign objects inserted under the skin to create a design or pattern;
(3). Enlarged or stretched out holes in the ears (other than a normal piercing).
(4). Intentional scarring that appears on the neck, face, or scalp. Waivers may be requested for prior service and existing body mutilation, piercing, branding/intentional scarring from the Chief of Naval Operations (N09BU).
(A) 9. Dental Ornamentation. The use of gold, platinum or other veneers or caps for purposes of ornamentation are prohibited. Teeth, whether natural, capped or veneer, will not be ornamented with designs, jewels, initials, etc. Waivers may be requested for prior service and existing dental ornamentation from the Chief of Naval Operations (N09BU)."
4. The above policy guidance will also be included in the Civilian Clothing Policy, Article 7101.
5. File this NAVADMIN with REF A until revisions are incorporated into the Apr 03 Quarterly BUPERS Directive CD-ROM change.
6. Released by VADM P.A. Tracey, Director, Navy Staff.//
Source: United States. Chief of Naval Operations. "Navy Uniforms." NAVADMIN [Naval Administrative] Message021/03. 24 January 2003.
R 112322Z JUN 03 ZYB MIN PSN 816148J28
FM CNO WASHINGTON DC//DNS//
MSGID/GENADMIN/CNO WASHINGTON DC/DNS/-/JUN//
SUBJ/TASK FORCE UNIFORM//
AMPN/REF A IS THE OPNAV TASK FORCE UNIFORM CHARTER//
POC/ROBERT CARROLL/CNOCM/OPNAV/LOC:WASHINGTON DC
RMKS/1. THIS NAVADMIN REQUESTS WIDE FLEET PARTICIPATION IN AN
ON-LINE SURVEY ON NAVY UNIFORMS.
2. REF A ESTABLISHED TASK FORCE UNIFORM (TASK FORCE U) TO ASSESS
NAVY UNIFORMS AND NAVY UNIFORM REGULATIONS. THE PRESIDENT, NAVY
UNIFORM BOARD AND THE MASTER CHIEF PETTY OFFICER OF THE NAVY WILL
HEAD A FLEET-WIDE EFFORT TO DELIVER A PROPOSAL AND IMPLEMENTATION
TIMELINE FOR A SET OF NAVY UNIFORMS THAT WILL REFLECT THE
REQUIREMENTS OF A 21ST CENTURY NAVY. TASK FORCE U WILL BUILD ON THE
EXPERIENCE AND INSIGHT FROM A CORE GROUP OF MEMBERS DRAWN FROM FLEET
AND SHORE, ACROSS A SPECTRUM OF COMMUNITIES AND RANKS, MEN AND
WOMEN, COMMANDS AND PLATFORMS. THE VISION OF TASK FORCE U IS A NAVY
IN WHICH SAILORS ARE AFFORDED A COST-EFFECTIVE SET OF UNIFORMS
PRESENTING A PROFESSIONAL APPEARANCE, RECOGNIZING NAVAL HERITAGE AND
OFFERING VERSATILITY, SAFETY, EASE OF MAINTENANCE/STORAGE AND
3. SPECIFIC TASKS FOR THE TASK FORCE INCLUDE: DEVELOPMENT OF
ALTERNATIVES FOR A WORKING UNIFORM FOR E-1 THROUGH 0-10, TO BE WORN
AT SEA OR ASHORE, ACROSS ALL COMMUNITIES; DEVELOPMENT OF A SERVICE
UNIFORM FOR E-1 THROUGH E-6 WHICH CAN BE WORN YEAR ROUND; EVALUATION
OF THE USEFULNESS OF EACH UNIFORM ITEM AGAINST SPECIFIC FACTORS WITH
AN EYE TOWARDS REDUCING THE NUMBER OF UNIFORM ITEMS AND INCREASING
INTERCHANGEABILITY; STREAMLINING AND SIMPLIFICATION OF THE UNIFORM
REGULATIONS INTO A FLEET FRIENDLY DOCUMENT THAT IS EASILY UNDERSTOOD
4. TO ENSURE FLEET INPUTS ARE INCLUDED, THE TASK FORCE HAS
DEVELOPED A SURVEY DESIGNED TO OBTAIN THE FLEET'S PERSPECTIVE ON THE
SEA BAG AND THE UNIFORM REGULATIONS. ALL RANKS, GENDERS,
SPECIALTIES AND GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS ARE ENCOURAGED TO PROVIDE
INPUT. YOUR VIEWS ARE IMPORTANT TO A SUCCESSFUL EFFORT. THE SURVEY
WILL BE ACCESSIBLE THROUGH THE BUPERS ONLINE WEB-SITE AT
WWW.BOL.NAVY.MIL FROM 13 JUNE UNTIL 8 JULY. LOG-IN NAME AND
PASSWORD ARE REQUIRED FOR THIS SITE. LOG-IN INSTRUCTIONS ARE
AVAILABLE ON THE SITE.
5. THE TASK FORCE WILL FINALIZE ITS WORK AND SUBMIT RECOMMENDATIONS
AND A PROPOSED TIMELINE TO THE CNO ON 1 OCTOBER 2003. PENDING THE
REVIEW AND APPROVAL OF TASK FORCE U RECOMMENDATIONS BY THE CNO,
CHANGES TO UNIFORMS AND UNIFORM REGULATIONS ARE HELD IN ABEYANCE.
6. RELEASED BY VICE ADMIRAL P. A. TRACEY, DIRECTOR, NAVY STAFF.//
Source: United States. Chief of Naval Operations. "Task Force Uniform." NAVADMIN [Naal Administrative] Message154/03. 11 June 2003.