Skip to main content

The Navy Department Library

Related Content

Historical Section, ComNavEu. "Administrative History of U.S. Naval Forces in Europe, 1940-1946." vol. 5. (London, 1946) [This manuscript, identified as United States Naval Administrative History of World War II #147, is located in the Navy Department Library's Rare Book Room.]

Indexed at the U.S. Naval War College, Newport, R.I., in connection with the preparation of S.E. Morison's History of U.S. Naval Operations in World War II, Volume XI, by Roger F. Schofield, YN1, USN, 9 December 1954.


Document Type
Wars & Conflicts
File Formats
Location of Archival Materials

Operation NEPTUNE - Index


ABC Conference, concept of Allied War Aims 4
  -1 Agreement, of 27 March 1941 58
Accommodations for landing craft crews 578-580
ACCUMULATOR, briefly discussed 484
AEAF Command, and brief discussion 455
Air bombardment failure to materialize at OMAHA 518
Air Corridor, suggested by AEAF to Adm Ramsay 388
  restricted air attack on enemy forces in area 389
Air Forces, AEF, available in UK for support of NEPTUNE 289
  available airlift for airborne troops 290
Air-Navy coordination of bombardment 458
  Broad outline of Joint Fire Plan 459
  Air bombardment plan 462
  AF delayed furnishing Navy with details on fighter protection, routing, air bombardment program 388
  Adm Ramsay agrees to restrict AA fire with certain provisions 388
  AF being shot down over SWORD beach -- first mention 388
  Operations outline plan for COSSAC 120
  Target priority 120
  Bombing of civilian population 125
  Protection of Invasion Forces 454
  Use of Allied fighters 455
  Spot, brief description, organization, technique, etc. 471
  Observation Post, Army 473
  Strength in comparison, German and Russian 37
  Available for operations against the NEPTUNE forces (German) 454
  Analysis of the various beaches and ability for air support of troops 257
  Support of NEPTUNE Forces 454
ALERT, Anti-human torpedo operation, Human torpedoes 322
Allied Air Offensive, carried out on D-day in two phases 280
  and other air targets on D-day 281
American Planning Staff views presented to British COS 1942 11
Ammunition, methods of supply 473
Amphibious Attack, method for NEPTUNE 263
  Broad plan for initial campaign 263
ANCXF, discussion of command regarding Gen Devers suggestion of two distinct Naval Commands in OVERLORD 195
  Excerpt on status of ANCXF by Admiralty publication 197
  Cominch defined operation control 200
  Designation of Adm Ramsay as 209
  Proposed division of responsibility among the major authorities 213
  Forces under operational command during NEPTUNE 217
  Matters of concern in concert with 21 Army Group 228
  Estimation of German naval forces 246
  Unacceptable recommendation from NCWTF for pre D-day bombardment of Cherbourg 383
  Issued Op-Order 24 April 384
  Method employed in writing orders 385
  Freeze further alteration of orders 386
  Accepts AF routing plan over beaches over NCWTF objections 389
  Transport for Army Air Spotters, cubs, etc. 389
ANCXF, organized COTUG on 24 May to deal with tug problem 391
  VIPs visiting 391
  Signals H-hour for forces 393
  Meetings held to examine weather forecasts 393
  Signal for postponement promulgated 0515 395
  Forces allotted to CinC Plymouth for CORK 418
  CinC Portsmouth responsible for operating forces on western flank of SPOUT 422
  Assigned screening responsibility to force commanders, Home commands--convoys; force commanders--assault area 425
  Retained direct control for minesweeping in ten initial channels 435
Anglo-American basic plan regarding relations 344
  Adm Stark informs Cominch of support by British 345
  Naval Operations discussed 344
ANVIL, Gen Eisenhower's report on 102
APPROACH, definition and brief discussion 438
  Troubles of minesweepers 440
ARCADIA Conference, 3 broad strategic plans for conduct of War 5
  Decision to concentrate on defeat of Germany 9
  Main points to be emphasized by PM to Americans 54
Army Forces, AEF, operationally available land forces for NEPTUNE 287
  Group D, military force assigned Von Rundstedt to defend West 233
Assault, situation at the end of the first 24 hours 559
  and Follow-Up loaded and assembled (British) 375
  Brief description of duties of various units during assault 282
  Objectives once armies were ashore 283


Barbed wire, German use of, in defense 238
Barker, Brig Gen R.W., Head of U.S. Section of COSSAC 87
Batteries, location of enemy batteries 468
Beach Battalions, description of duties 574
  Joint conferences regarding 575
Beaches, amount landed over beaches in the first 30 days 573
Beach Reconnaissance, brief description 158
BEAVER, Operation by force "U" 29-31 March 364
Bell, Commander T.I.S., Chief Principle Beachmaster in "S" 557
Bennett, RAdm A.G., "Advance Group Amphibious Forces LantFlt" 339
Bieri, RAdm, planning section ANCXF of SHAEF as Deputy CoS 387
BIGDRUM, Brief description 147
  Composition of force 319
  Responsibility of Naval Commander Force "U" 484
BODYGUARD, brief description with a list of "Stories" 140
  Graph showing control of stories 144
  Overall results of cover and deceptive operations in graph 167
BOLERO, Plans of Washington and London committees 75
  Troop movements began under BOLERO July 1942 75
  Approved in April 1942 61
  Progress of shipping in table form 77
  Duties charged with 63
Bombardment Force, number of ships forming 316
  Objects of 317
  Spotting performed by 317
  Ships allocated for Bombardment forces 317-320
  Navy-Air Coordination 458
Bombardment objectives 458-459
  Principles of bombardment 459
  Broad outline of Joint Fire Plan 459
  Air Plan 462
  Naval plan and objectives 464
  Schedule of fire 468
  Targets 469
BOMBARDON, brief description 326
Bomber Command (RAF) Operations night preceding D-day 462
BRAVADO, Plan for minelaying Kiel Canal 413
British Chiefs of Staff, objections to Gen Marshall's 1942 invasion plans 12
  Four conditions to be met for a cross Channel attack 29
  Strategy and concepts as the war progressed 25
  Views on Mediterranean and North African possession 15
British Joint Planning Staff, set to work by PM to implement the concepts of War Cabinet May 1940 51
Brooke, Sir Alan, invited to inform Russia date of OVERLORD 46
Bryant, Adm, CTF 124.9 in Force "O" Texas flagship 467
  Second in command to Adm Deyo in Bombardment of Cherbourg CTF 129 477
BUCCANEER, Reduction of forces in favor of OVERLORD 106
BUCO, brief description of 312
  Build Up Control Organization an inter-service body 580
Build-up, race depended upon three conditions 29
  Primary naval duty of AEF was build up for battle of France 563
  Problems of the build up summarized into 3 main tasks 563
  Problems not noted or encountered in other amphibious operations 565
  Dual control after D-day 573
  For offensive land operations 311
  Number of ships and craft in operation 313
  Brief of plan 311
  Methods of transport 311
  Objectives sought in Build up plan 285
  Facilities planned for Air Forces by certain dates 285
  Sailing of all ships and craft were arranged for certain requirements 286
Bush, Captain, Commenting on crews of landing craft in "S" area 556


Captain (Patrols) delegated to screen Eastern Assault Area, title given by NCETF 426
  System of defense employed 426
Cargo-Vehicles, responsibility for loading between USA and USN 563
Casablanca Conference, British studies formed the basis for policy on Cross Channel preparations 79-81
  Strategy for 1943 20
Casualties to naval personnel in Force "O" 531
  Among Demolition Units 531
Chain of Command for the Assault Phase 191
  Naval system of Command 193
  Twelfth Fleet's position 204
Chief Naval Administrative Officer (Rivett-Carmac) dealt with Shore Organization 565
Chief of Staff Review of situation found for facts (Nov 1943) 39
  (British) recommendations on ANVIL and OVERLORD 113
Chief of Staff (American) point of view effect of Gen Montgomery's change of OVERLORD Plan 108
  Summary of European situation 1 Nov 1943 34
Chronology, OVERLORD Naval Command 222-226
  D-6 day to D-75, briefly discussed 332
Coastal Air Operations during the crossing and assault 324
Coastal Batteries, description of types used 241
  Command (RAF) duties of command 449
  Command organization 450
  Composition of Coastal Command 451
  Offensive against Norway based U-boats 451
  Operations during invasion 452
  Description of enemy's coastwise transport 453
COCKADE, brief description 136
Combined Chiefs of Staff, Overall strategy for 1943 20
  Agreement at Arcadia 10
  First session January 1942 10
  Casablanca policy determined by two British studies 79
CinC Plymouth charged with sealing western approaches to Channel to submarines 418
  Organized sea barrier known as CORK 418
  Forces allotted for CORK 418
  Regarding telephone between Adm Moon and Adm Hall on postponement 500
Combined Commanders Committee 52
Cominch, ComNavEu requests base maintenance organization 345
  Commo Edgar to Amphibious force 358
  Designates Adm Moon to command new force of increased assault 302
ComLandCrabEu, Brief description 346
  Adm Wilkes assigned to duty as 347
  Facilities prepared -- types 349
  List of bases provided by the British 349
  Placing ships in force organization 356
  Responsible for executing maintenance. List of units assigned for task 367
  Task to be performed 346
  Establishment of 346
  Assigned task of staging and mounting the operation of Western Task Force by CTF 122 380
ComNavEu, earmarked bases in England 344
  Obtained basic plan for Anglo-American relations 344
  Requested Cominch supply base maintenance organization 345
  Organization and action 338
ComSenFor, to take over HQ and Communication established ashore when situation warranted withdrawal of NCWTF 579
ComGen ETOUSA, charged with 76
CTG 122.4 delegated command and responsibility for area screen by NCWTF (Capt. Harry Sanders, USS Frankford) 428
CTF 122 assigned to CTF 127 task of staging and mounting operations of Western Task Force 380
  CTF 127 Assigned task of staging and mounting the operation of Western Task Force 380
  CTF 129 25 June Adm Deyo made Com bombardment group for Cherbourg 477
  Composition of TF 129 477
Control vessel, used in marking beaches 501
  Mistook Raz de la Percee for Pointe du Hoc 542
Convoy, British method of sending 402
  American method of sending 402
  Method of Landing 403
  General plan for routing 405
  General description of the convoys 410
  "O" crossing channel 516
COPPERHEAD, description of 148
CORK Sea barrier to western channel approaches. Organized by CinC Plymouth 418
  Composition of forces 418
  General disposition of forces D-day eve 419
  No known losses to U-boats in first 2 months of operation 421
  Brief description of 324
  Air barrier by Coastal Command 452
CORNCOBS, briefly discussed 326
  First convoys to sail for assault area 392
  Diverted to Poole on postponement 396
Corry, USS, sunk by mine at UTAH 6 June 504
COSSAC, briefly described 1
  Forming of, and selection of British officer in charge 82
  Functions and organization 83
  Directive ordering submission of first plan by 1 Aug 86
  Representatives on COSSAC staff 86
  U.S. Naval section by names 88
  Forces available at original planning, ground, air ships 90-93
  Survey of German disposition for defense of the French coast 94
  Selection of assault beaches 95
  Three conditions to be met for success of OVERLORD in 1944 97
  British views of Plan at QUADRANT 98
  American views of Plan at QUADRANT 98
  Recommendations for land command 181
  Measures requiring immediate action if OVERLORD in May 1944 100
  In regards to lift 100
  Committee gathering information on enemy radar stations 479
  Calculations for reasonable prospect of success 134
  Plan for keeping German forces in Normandy below set maximum 134
COTUG, Organized on 24 May dealt with NEPTUNE Tug problem 390
Cover and Deception, briefly discussed 137-153
  Graph showing control of "Stories" 144
Covering forces for channel crossing 319
Cross Channel Operation, responsibility for planning 21
  First plan devised by Paget, Douglas and Mountbatten 173
CRUICKSHANK, briefly described and discussed 62


Dan Buoys and their use in the invasion 440
  Layers attached to FMS flotillas 313
d'Argenlieu, Adm, question of French command 387
Darthema, HMS, towed sub X-20 back to Portsmouth from Assault Area 550
D-day, original May date selected for three primary reasons 273
  H-hour signaled by SCAEF on 23 May by special code 392
  ANCXF announces force's H-hours 393
  Basic H-hour for ETF and WTF 0645-0610 393
  New schedule for five H-hours 397
  Rescheduled for June 273
  Selection of H-hour 274
  Tidal conditions desired by Army, Navy 274-276
  Possible D-day and H-hour combinations 275
DD Tanks, late landing not serious 503
  In order of landing at OMAHA 518
  Effective firing in "S" area 554
  Adm Hall comments on Secret weapons being no secret 543
  Great value at SWORD and UTAH 544
  Got quickly knocked out at OMAHA 544
  Disposition on landing on various beaches 544
  RAdm Talbot comments 554
Deception means employed to lead enemy to belief that invasion was imminent 159
  Means used to keep operations secret 160
Defense of Assault Area, briefly discussed 320
  Forces available 321
Delivery of Army units on the Far Shore 402
Demolition Unit to hit the beaches with earliest waves 501
  Adm Hall states 41% casualties 520
  Casualties 531
Destroyers based and attached to Home Commands 320
DeWitt, Gen, briefly mentioned regarding FUSAG 154
Deyo, Adm, CTG 125.8 in Force "U" in Tuscaloosa 467
  Designated CTF 129 on 25 June for bombardment of Cherbourg 477
Dill, Field Marshal Sir John, Outlined British views concerning size of the forces which the U.S. should send to Europe 56
Diversions by navy discussed 483
DIXIE Line, briefly described 428
Doctrine for Unity of Command 177-179
  Admiral King's view in this regard 179
  Naval system of command 193
Douglas-Pennant, Commo, Com Force "G" 374
  Bombardment Force "G", flag in Bulolo 346
DOWNSTREAM, briefly discussed 152
DUCK operation held 31 Dec 1943-2 Jan 1944 361


Eastern Task Force casualties 537
EBP 1, loading and routing (1st Build-up) 401
ECT 2, loading and routing (1st Build-up British) 401
Eisenhower, Gen D.D., Directive regarding SAC 187
  Chain of Command 189
  Outstanding problems facing him on assumption of SAC 190
  Commenting on Force "U" assault 506
  Presents invasion draft to Marshall 3-12-42 60
  Arrives in London with Clark, Arnold, Adm Towers to discuss BOLERO 25 May 1942 63
  Describes operations SLEDGEHAMMER 70
  Reason for increase to 5 divisions for assault 111
  View on OVERLORD 116
  Agreements with British COS 118
  Became ETOUSA 24 Jun 1942, Jul 1942 Supreme Allied Commander 175
  Commenting on invasion surprise 490
  Comments on British success at Orne and Caen area 559
  Describes American operations 561
Eleventh Amphibious Force, establishment 343
  Size of force upon assumption of command by Hall 355
  Placing ships in position in force organization 356
  Organized to meet special requirements 359
  Forces in Eleventh Amphibs 363
  Force Responsibilities 207
Enemy reactions to assault forces 382-383
  Reasons for failure of more effective reaction 383
ENTHRONE Operations for laying sonic under water buoys 439
Escort Force for convoys 432
EUREKA Conference military conclusions 46
  Three courses of action for future developments 47
  Three pre-eminent facts in the European military situation 47
Exercises for amphibious training 360
  Experiments and trails made during exercises 361


FABIUS last full scale rehearsals before NEPTUNE 3-6 May 365
  Adm Hall executes force "O" under FABIUS 366
Far Shore establishment in three phases 566
  As soon as beaches secure control goes to FOBAA and FOWEST 566
  Basic tasks during three phases 567
  Development charged to Task Force Commander 567
  British Area 567-570
  American Area 570-572
Ferry forces composing ferry phase of Build-up operations 312
  Control, briefly described 576
  Officers responsible for control of crews 579
  Temporary disablement of 70% by near disastrous storm 573
Fifteenth Army defense area 233
Fighter protection for NEPTUNE forces 455
  During the crossing and assault 324
First Army composition 233, 359
  Locations for formations in England 360
Follow-up forces loading and assembly 305
  Program of assault 308
  Approach and time table 308
FOBAA (Rear Adm J.W. Rivett-Carmac), responsibilities of 568
Force "B" follow up loading and routing 401
  "G" composition 270, 546
  Loading and routing 400
  Commanded by Commo Douglas-Pennant 374
  Brief discussion on training period 374
Force "J" composition 548
  Loading and routing of convoy 400
  Error in movement along route 407
  Brief description of its content 270
  Brief history of Force "J" 372
  Capt Hughes-Hallett commanding 372
  Adm Vian Commanding, Nov 43 372
  Commo Oliver relieves Vian 372
  Loaded and routed via 400
Force "L" loading and routing 401
Force "O" loading and routing 400
  Tail of convoy O.2 drifts from route in crossing 408
Force "V" 153
Force "U" loading and routing 400
  Tail of convoy U.2 drifts from route in crossing 405
  Lands between 1,000 and 1,500 yards south of intended point 409
  Primary and secondary control vessels became casualties 409
FORTITUDE, briefly discussed 146, 151
FORTITUDE NORTH, briefly discussed 147
FORTITUDE SOUTH, briefly discussed 147
FOX operation by amphibs in which APAs were first used 364
Free French landed in assault with Commandoes 556
French ships to be used in invasion 387
FUSAG under command of Eisenhower 157
  Mythical force 159


Gerhardt, Maj Gen commander of 29th Inf Div of 5th Army 362
German Air Forces, affected after Italian surrender 27
  Forces available for air operations against NEPTUNE 454
  Reaction to the landing 457
  Brief compilation of air available 250
  Estimated maximum scale 251
  Defenses consisted of tunnels, etc. at OMAHA 523
  Defense plan, briefly discussed 234
  System of coast defenses based on three principles 253
  Allied plan to overcome German defense system 253
  Gridded batteries 458
  Fighter forces required for invasion in Caen area 128
  Necessary air situation prior to assault 129
  Reduction of fighter forces by bomber offensive 130-132
  Fleet, briefly discussed 154
  Fleet stationed in Norwegian waters 416
  Reasons for fleet inactivity 417
  Estimated forces in Biscay area 418
  Operations by German destroyers 6-9 June 420
  COSSAC survey of disposition of forces for defense of French coast 94
  Effect of a strong Italian campaign on forces 44
  Relative strength in 1944, reasons for opinion 80
  List of major naval vessels 246
  ANCXF appraisal of enemy vessels 246
  Disposition between Bight and Bay of Biscay 248
  Forces available to attack NEPTUNE 410
  Allied naval plan to defend against enemy threat 411
  Forces disposed in southern reaches of the North Sea 421
  Extent of activity in Dover Straits 422
  Forces within Channel 422
  Plans for U-boat employment 451
  Destroyers trying to attack invasion forces 453
  Naval losses on D-day 563
  Strength of Axis fleets 38
  Troop dispositions 243
  Four general types of coastal divisions 244
  Troops replacing Italians in event of surrender 27
Ghormley, VAdm R.L., Special Naval Observer 338
  Designated ComNavEu 17 Mar 1942 339
Group U.2.A ordered back on postponement 499, 396
Germany, predominant Axis power, declaration of 1
Glennon, USS, struck a mine and sank 8 June 1944 443, 504
GLIMMER, briefly described 147
  Composition 319
  Under responsibility of VAdm Dover 483
GOOSEBERRIES, brief description 326
GRAFFHAM, briefly described 147
Group "J" composition 548
Group "S" composition 554


HADRIAN, briefly discussed 62
Haida, HMS, engaged with HMS Hurron in operation GLIMMER 484
Hall, RAdm J.L. Com11th Fleet 343
  Duty prior to 11th Fleet assignment 343
  Size of force upon assuming command 355
  Executes operation FABIUS Force "O" 360
  Commenting on beach obstacles 491
  Presented to the King of England 391
  Comments on DD tanks 543
  Describes the OMAHA assault 507
  Commenting on transport area 517
  Commenting in regards to obstacles 519
  Commenting on landing 532
  Telephone conversation regarding postponement 500
Hards, description of 352
  Specially constructed in several ports 352
H-hour tidal conditions needed by Army and Navy 274-276
  Possible D-day and H-hour combinations 275
  Benefits of the selected H-hour 282
Home fleet forces assigned to protection of NEPTUNE forces 416
Hopkins, Mr. Harry accompanied Marshall to England with plan 60
Hot Bunk System used in accommodating crews of landing craft 579
Housing for personnel ashore in England 350
Hurd Deep, briefly discussed 419
Hurron, HMS, along with HMS Haida engaged in operation GLIMMER 484
Human Torpedoes used in July 427
Huse, Commander J.O., PhibsEu 340


Immunity of Allied shipping lying in the anchorage from coastal battery or aerial attack 542
IMPERATOR planning commenced May 1942 61
Invasion plans presented to british CoS by Marshall in 1942 11-13
Integrated Operation Command shown in graph form 227
IRONSIDES, briefly discussed 147
Italian surrender 27


JAEL, briefly discussed 139
Jaujard, RAdm assigned to control French ports 387
Joint Chiefs of Staff opinion of 1942 situation 9
Joint Fire Plan in broad outline 459
  Air Bombardment Plan 462
Joint Staff Planners build-up plans in graph form 26
JUBILEE, briefly described 61
JUNO beaches marked by a British submarine 408


Keyes, Lord, Admiral of the Fleet asked to serve as DirCombOp 52
Kirk-Bradley agreement on division of responsibility 230
Kirk, RAdm Alan, becomes CTF 122 206
  Hoists flag in Augusta 381
  Presented to the King of England 391
King of England visits Portsmouth area 24 May 391
  Presented outline plan of operation 391
King, Adm views in regards to "Doctrine" 179
  Allots lift for 5th assault force 119
Krancke Adm, Naval Group Commander West 489


Landing, order of events during initial landing 270
  General plan in three phases 279-286
  Order somewhat mixed at OMAHA 519
  Adm Hall commenting 520
  Craft maintenance work accomplished 369
  Craft sunk during TIGER 365
  Percentage of landing craft forces operative on D-day 370
  Description of various types of craft 465
  Accomodations and messing for landing craft crews 579
LCC-60 to primary control vessel 502
LCC-80 Control vessel at Red Beach 501
LCT-947, DD tank flail explosion results in officer death 555
LeHamel strongly resisted capture 547
LeHarve possibility of capture by seaborne and airborne landing 262
LETHAL, briefly discussed 62
Loading responsibility divided between Army and Navy 377
  Landing craft were overloaded 394
  Force "O" loaded at five ports 514
  Force "O" loading 497
Lodgement Area governing considerations 254-256
LST-LCT sunk during exercise TIGER 365
  Maintenance work done 369
  Fighter direction tenders 456


Maintenance, list of units responsible under Comlandcrabeu 367
  Work accomplished on various craft 364
  Salvage units operating in U.S. sector 330
MAPLE, briefly described 412
  Forces involved 412
  6,850 mines laid during operation and location 415
  MTB-203 sunk in operation and casualties 415
Marshall, Gen, opinion of British general policy in Mediterranean and N. Africa 17
  Views on Washington Conference 64
  Allied operations in European theater 23
  Visit to England, 1942 11
  Oppositions regarding future operations 22
  Agrees on Ike's invasion plan, goes with Hopkins to England 60
  Describes results of Conference in London in 1942 62
  Recommendation on OVERLORD and ANVIL 113
  Feelings in regards to ANVIL and OVERLORD 113
  American Planning Staff added to Combined Com Staff 174
  Asks for U.S. SAC at Quebec Conference 182
  Views on overall SAC with subordinate SAC Med, SAC OVERLORD 183
  British view on his SAC proposal 184
Maynard, Capt, Commander of APAs of Force "U" 364
McNair, Gen, briefly mentioned in connection with FUSAG 159
Mediterranean operations being considered, forwarded to Stalin by Roosevelt 42
  British COS view in regards to operation in Mediterranean 31
  British view that action should be directed in 1943 27
  British COS views regarding Allied possession of Africa 15
Merchant service in Build-up operations 311
  Forces composing Merchant phase of Build-up 311
  Shipping and losses shown in table by periods 38
  Progress of BOLERO shipping shown in table form 77
Meredith, USS, struck a mine and sank 8 June 443, 509
Messing facilities for landing craft crews, shore parties 580
MESSPOT, briefly described 151
Military forces deployed by U.S. in two theatres 9
Minelaying object 322
  Forces taking part 322
  Operation 323
  By aircraft 325
  By Germans prior to D-day 383
  First steps of operation CORK 419
  Operation MAPLE 412
  Forces employed in operation MAPLE 412
  More objects of minelaying 413
  BRAVADO was for Kiel and approaches 413
  Six phases of minelaying plan up to and beyond D-day 413
  Enemy's minelaying counter-attack 443
  Ships sunk by mines 443
  Enemy's use of unsweepable mines 443
  Number and location of mines laid in MAPLE 415
  Enemy mine situation within NEPTUNE waters 433
  Five general steps for dealing with mines in NEPTUNE area 434
Mines used in German defense 238
  Unsweepable mines, briefly described 443
  Steps taken to counter unsweepable mines 443
  Ships lost to and enemy mines accounted for 446
  Greatest enemy of Force "U": 504
Minesweeping, dealt with in five general steps in NEPTUNE 434
  Home CinCs responsible for minesweeping 435
  Arrangements in assault area 435
  ANCXF retained direct control in the initial ten channels 435
  Total strength of Allied minesweepers engaged in assault 436
  Briefly, the activity of sweepers during operation approach 439
  Tasks after sweeping channels and areas 441
  Inshore waters 442
  Operations at Cherbourg 444
Montgomery, Gen Sir Bernard L, Revision of OVERLORD Plan 108
  U.S. point of view of net effects of this change 108
Moon, RAdm Don P, designated to command new force 362
  Adm at end of Jan 1944 363
  Approximate number of ships under his command 494
  Telephone conversation with Adm Hall re postponement 500
  Commenting on enemy gunfire 504
  Trouble with acoustic mines 505
Mooring facilities had to be prepared at following ports 353
Morale failing in Germany 127
  Discussed in report of JIC of 18 May 1944 131
Morgan, Lt Gen Frederick E, Plans for Cross Channel Attack 52
  Initial work on ROUNDUP 52
  Reasons for selection as head of COSSAC 82
Mountbatten, Lord Louis, consulted on Cross Channel Attack Plans 52
  Assisted in devising first plan with Paget and Douglas 173
MOVCO, briefly discussed 313, 232
  Responsibility of USA and USN under 376
MTB-203 sunk night of 18/19 May in MAPLE operation 415
MULBERRIES, description 326, 328
  First mentioned 231
  Difference between A and B type 327
  Difficulty encountered after construction faulty rigging 387
  Parking problems 390
  Tug shortages 390
Murdaugh Monarch (HMS Cable Layer) fired on by Plunkett 13 June 430
MUSKRAT, briefly described 364


Naval Bases and training areas selected early by ComNavEu 344
Naval Bombardment objectives 464
  Composition of forces 464
  Final allocation of ships 466
  Results of bombardment 474
  Excerpt from German military Journal 475
  Bombardment of Cherbourg 478
  Bombardment of enemy radar stations and networks 480
Naval Forces, AEF, taking part in NEPTUNE 291-293
Naval Operational command chain diagramed 218
  After assault phase 220
  Chronology of various steps in the evolution of OVERLORD Naval Command 222
Navigation system for location swept channels 405
  Electronic navigational aids employed QH and QM 406
  Deviations in error along routes 406
  MLs designated navigational leaders 408
  Aids for locating channels 439
  PCs and SCs used as markers by US forces, MLs and DDs by British 409
Naval Combat Demolition Units, briefly discussed 271
NCWTF Recommendations to ANCXF D-day bombardment of Cherbourg 382
  Doesn't accept Air Force routing plan over beaches 389
NEPTUNE, description of 1
  Objective 301
  Naval object 301
  Broad Plan of Attack 301
  Command 302
  Forces taking part 303
  D-day, H-hour 303
  Loading and assembly of forces for follow-up 305
  Attached forces 306
  Merchant vessels 307
  Reasons for success 487
  General scheme of movements briefly discussed 400
  Losses by U-boat 421
Nineteenth Army located in Mediterranean and Italian front 233
Nitro, USS, Ammunition carrier 473


Obstacles, submerged and dry responsibility divided USA and USN 231
  Subjected to drenching fire 469
  Adm Hall commenting on 491
  OMAHA obstacles more numerous than intelligence reported 511
  Encountered in "S" area 555
  Craft driven at full speed through these waters 555
  Adm Hall commenting on, in OMAHA area 519
Oliver, Commo G.N., Commanding Force "J" 372
OMAHA, Assault on Beach 518
  Air bombardment failed to materialize 518
  Considered landing part of Force "O" through "G" beaches 522
  Enemy use of tunnels 523
  Channel crossing 507
  Described by Adm Hall 507
  Major units of assault 508
  Plan for assault 511
  Bombardment force "C" 513
  Assembled at five ports 514
Orders defined, (Op-Orders, ON_ONAD_ONCO) 384
  Methods of writing employed by ANCXF 385
  Freeze put on altering orders 386
Osprey, USS, First casualty of operation 438
OVERLORD, briefly described 1
  Start of actual operation 7
  Termination of operation 7
  First decision to launch 33
  President and PM had three decisions in regards to OVERLORD 44
  Finally approved 30
  EUREKA decision to launch during May 1944 47
  COSSAC agrees provided conditions met 97
  Adm King allots necessary lift for five division assault 119


PARADISE, briefly described 148
Paratroop reinforcements in British sector 557
Passage, as defined for this operation 437
  Troubles of the minesweepers 440
Patrols for Operation CORK 420
  Along convoy lanes 422
  Disposed in Channel 423
  System of defense in Eastern and Western Areas 426, 428
Patton, Gen George S., briefly mentioned 159
PC-1176 as Control Vessel 502
PC-1261 struck mine in Cardonet minefield 501
Personnel, responsibility for loading between USA and USN 377
PHOENIX, brief description 326
Plunkett fires on HMS Murdaugh Monarch 430
PLUTO, briefly described 329
POINTBLANK Air bombardment of Seine Bay 462
Port defense by Germans 240
Postponement of D-day 276
Preparatory phase of landing 281
Pre-War Policy, unilateral statement of 4
Provisional Engineer Special Brigade, overall command of Shore Party 571
  One brigade supported each division, one naval beach battalion to each brigade 574
  Joint conferences 575


QUICKSILVER, briefly discussed 147


Radar stations in chain along English Channel 423
  Counter-measures to prevent Germans locating Allied vessels 468, 479
  German radar capabilities 479
  Naval responsibilities in regards to destroying German radar 479
Radio deceptive methods 162
RCM Plan, Joint Army-Navy, evolved in 1943 479
Ramsay, VAdm Sir Bertram, consulted in Cross Channel Plans 52
  Reasons for selection as ANCXF 211
  Estimate of reaction to NEPTUNE 249
  Commenting on reasons for success of Operation NEPTUNE 487
  Description of effect of surprise 488
  Commenting on needs of a shallow draft tug for clearing beaches 556
  Summarized events of D-day 562
  Agreed to restict naval AA fire with certain provisions 388
  In regards to Tug shortage 390
  Decision in regards to D-day and H-hour 392
  Assumed operational control of forces, 1200 1 June 394
  Summarizes situation on eve of 4 June 397
  Comments on lowering positions 516
  Commenting generally on use of Rangers 528
Rangers, capture Isles de St. Marcouf 502
  Landings on OMAHA 512
  Attacking Pointe du Hoc 526
  Late in hitting target of Pointe du Hoc 526
  Admy Ramsay comments -- More Rangers and Comandoes than targets 528
RANKIN, briefly discussed, also cases A-B-C 83-84
Recovery and Repair of equipment and vessels 581-582
Responsibililty between Army and Navy (Kirk-Bradley Agreement) 230
Results of cover and deceptive operations 166-169
Rich, USS, struck and sunk by a mine 8 June 443, 504
Rivett-Carmac, RAdm, Chief Naval Administrative Officer 565
  Developed organization for Far Shore 567
  FOBAA 568
Rockets used by enemy 524
ROUNDUP, central concept provides for two phases 65
  General outline of plan 67
  Brief discussion 63
  Full-scale invasion of France in 1943, planned in May 1942 62
  Provisional assessment of Naval Implications of ROUNDUP 193
Routing Plan, in general for NEPTUNE 405
  Mistakes along channels to beaches 406
ROYAL FLUSH, briefly described 148
Royal Navy preparations 371


SAC, reason for appointing American commander 175
  General Marshall asks for US SAC at Quebec Conference 182
  Views on overall SAC with subordinate SAC MED, SAC OVERLORD, etc. 183
  British views 184
  Chain of Command 189
Saunders, Capt, delegated as CTF 122.4 428
Salvage, maintenance and repair briefly described 577, 578
Saterlee, USS, comment on Rangers need for gunfire at Ponte du Hoc 526
SCAEF, signalled decision for D-day on 23 May by special code 392
  Decided to postpone operation 395
  Proceeds with operation on 6 June 397
Schnorkel-type subs used during invasion 452
Screening, assigned to force commanders 425
  Home commands screened convoys, force commanders areas 425
  Forces employed for screening by WTF 428
  System of Defense in Eastern and Western Area 426-428
Scylla, HMS, flagship of Adm Vian 541
Security methods employed 386
  Crossword puzzle 387
Seventh Army responsible for Western Channel and Brittany coast 233
Shipping (British), major uses of British shipping 73
  Moving U.S. requirements 74
Ships, position in force organization 356
  Hit in bombardment of Cherbourg 478
  Sunk in Force "U" 505
  Sunk in Force "O" 530
  Sunk in Eastern Task Force 537
Shore Fire Control Parties, description, techniques, etc. 470
Shore Parties, in U.S. area 571
  Joint Conferences 575
Ships allocated for bombardment 318
  Major units of Force "U" 494
Shuttle forces of the Build-up operation 311
  CCS agreement to bombing 126
  Control briefly discussed 581
Sicily would save two million tons of shipping a year 27
SICKLE, description, Gen Eaker's plan 124
Signal stations operating in JUNO sector early 552
SKYE, brief description 147
Slapton Sands, approved base for American exercises 351
  Exercises held 364
SLEDGEHAMMER, described 13, 14, 61
  As Eisenhower describes it 70
Slips had to be built at ports to increase facilities 354
SPENAVO defined 338
Spotting for bombardment forces 317
  Transport for Army spotting planes 389
  Types of spotting used 469
SPOUT, brief description and location 410
Staging and Mounting task assigned to CTF 127 by CTF 122 380
Stalin expresses views at Moscow 42-43
Stark, Adm, questioned Dill about size of US force needed in England 56
  Informs Cominch of British support for AEF 345
STARKIE described 136
Strategic objectives of the Soviets 41
St. Marcouf captured by Rangers 502
Submarines used by British in Invasion 395, 96, 408, 542, 550
Sullivan, Commo, Salvage Organization at Cherbourg 446
Sunk by mines, etc. 443
Supporting Air Operations, forces available 323
  Naval Operations, number of ships and craft in the Build-up 313
Svenner, H.Nor, M.S., sunk in SWORD area 553
SWORD Beach marked by submarines 408


Talbot, RAdm A.G., Com Force "S", flag in HMS Largs 557
  Comments on DD tanks 554
  Lands to see how assault landing progresses 557
  Comments on torpedo attack 537, 540
Target priorities fixed 6 May 1943 131
  Bombardment 469
Task Force 122, Adm Kirk's establishment of this force 204
  Reports as U.S. Naval Task Force Commander 212
  Disolved and reverted to Com12thFlt 225
TAXABLE described 147
  Composition of forces 319
  Under responsibility of VAdm Dover 484
Texas, USS, comment on Rangers need for gunfire on Pointe du Hoc 526
Task Group 124.9, Bombardment Group of Force "O" 467
Task Group 125.8, Bombardment Group of Force "U" 467
Tide, USS, sunk by mine at UTAH 443, 504
TIGER, Force "U" operation 365
  E-boats attack during operation 365
TINDEL described 136
TITANIC described (4 phases) 147
TORCH, opposed invasion 62
  Decision to launch made in November 1942 39
Torpedo attack on Force "S" 537
TORRENT, described 135
Training deceptions in connection with FORTITUDE 157
Transport methods for build up of assault 311
  Brief description of Ferry Control 576
TROUTFLY, briefly described 148
Tug problem in connection with MULBERRIES 390
  COTUG organized to deal with problems 390
TURCO explained 580, 312. 232
Turkey, effect of entry upon Germany in war 45
  EUREKA view on bringing into war 47
Twelfth Fleet assigned 11th Amphib Force in toto 203
  Organizing Task Force 122 207
  Duties 207
  Responsible for TF 122 341
  Assignment of vessels to force organization 356


Unity of Command 171
  British Chain of Command 173
  Allied forces Chain of Command 175
  Doctrine for command 177
  Agreements made by CCS 181
UTAH, order of landing of inintial assault waves 502
  Bombardment force "A" 502
  Landing 1,000 yards to SE 503
  Brief description of landing 503
  Number of men, vehicles, stores landed over beaches 503
  Greatest enemy were mines at UTAH 504
  Organization and assembly 493
  Characteristics in invasion 493
  Major units of Force "U" 494
  Organized into 16 Task Groups 495
  Assembly points, convoy formation 497
  Assault 500
U-boats, employed at start of invasion 451
  Use of schnorkel during invasion 452


VENDETTA described 149, 526, 35
Vian, RAdm, ComForce "J" 372
  Flagship HMS Scylla 541
  Involved in firing on paratroop planes 558
  Order provision for continued firing when landing behind schedule 526
  Commenting on landing 535
  Comment on torpedo attack 539
  Comment on enemy ability not to hold range in eastern flank 541
VIPs shown NEPTUNE preparations in Solent Area 390
  General outline of plan presented 391
Von Rundstedt, Field Marshal, comment on invasion 476


WADHAM described 136
War Aims, official U.S. concept 3-4
War, described in three phases 53
  Resources, U.S. deployment in 1942 9
Weather at the time of crossing, effect on assaults 487
  Effect on Western Naval Task Force 493
  Adm Ramsay's comment 535
WINDOW, briefly described with methods of employment 484
  Adm Vian comments on use of 541
WETBOB, briefly described 61
W-Boats, defense in case of attack by 321
WHALE, brief description of 326
Wilkes, RAdm John, assigned to duty as Comlancrabeu 347
Wrestler, HMS, mined 6 June 536


ZEPPELIN, briefly discussed in four stages 146


Published: Mon Mar 16 15:39:30 EDT 2015