Skip to main content
Related Content
  • Theater of Operations--Pacific
  • Awards and Medals
  • Aviation
  • Aircraft--Fixed Wing
  • Boats-Ships--Aircraft Carriers
Document Type
  • Ship History
Wars & Conflicts
  • World War II 1939-1945
File Formats
  • Image (gif, jpg, tiff)
Location of Archival Materials

Lieutenant Junior Grade Lawrence F. Steffenhagen and Shōhō 

Photo #: 80-G-17047 Battle of Coral Sea, May 1942

Japanese aircraft carrier Shoho under attack by U.S. Navy carrier aircraft in the late morning of 7 May 1942. A TBD Devastator is visible in the lower right center, and another plane can be seen in the top center. Photographed from a USS Yorktown (CV-5) torpedo plane (80-G-17047).

It was just after 1119 (local time) that Lieutenant Junior Grade Lawrence F. Steffenhagen, USNR, swung his TDB Devastator around for a shot at the Japanese light carrier Shōhō’s port side. Loosing his torpedo, he watched as it struck the enemy ship just aft of amidships—the second of five torpedoes launched by USS Lexington’s Torpedo Two that morning that on striking home sent Shōhō to the bottom.

Steffenhagen, a Minnesota resident who had graduated from the University of Colorado in 1936, was awarded a Navy Cross for his heroic efforts. Almost three years later, he was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of a second Navy Cross for leading USS Wasp’s Torpedo Squadron 86 during a highly successful attack against Japanese forces at the Kure naval base on Honshu. Released to inactive service after the war, he was recalled to active duty in 1947. Steffenhagen eventually retired as a captain in the U.S. Naval Reserve.

                                                                         —Jeffrey Barlow, Ph.d., Naval Historical Center, May 2008      

More "Profiles in Duty: Vignettes of Naval Service and Leadership"     

Published: Wed Jul 15 17:34:11 EDT 2020