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On to New Britain: The Cape Gloucester Landings

26 December 1943–16 January 1944


Marines boarding USS LCI-340 on the day before Christmas, 1943

Marines boarding USS LCI-340 at Oro Bay, New Guinea, on the day before Christmas 1943. They landed at Cape Gloucester, New Britain, on 26 December (USMC 72064).


Cape Gloucester Invasion, December 1943.

Coast Guardsmen and Marines participate in what is likely a Christmas divine service aboard a Coast-Guard-manned LST, en route to Cape Gloucester, New Britain. The first landings on Cape Gloucester took place on 26 December 1943.


Cape Gloucester Invasion, December 1943.

USS LST -67 landing troops through the surf on a Cape Gloucester beach (SC-184422).


80-G-57464:  Battle of Cape Gloucester, New Britain, December 1943-January 1944.  LST-18 and LST-463, standing by.   Photographed by USS Nashville (CL-43), December 24-26, 1943.   Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collection of National Archives (2018/04/25).

LST-18 and LST-463 stand by as troops assemble on a Cape Gloucester beach. Photographed by USS Nashville (CL-43) on 26December 1943 (80-G-57464).


Cape Gloucester, New Britain, December 1943

Aboard a Coast Guard–manned LST, a Navy doctor and Coast Guard pharmacist's mate perform an emergency operation on a wounded man (NH-94755).


127-GW-966-77356:  Battle of Cape Gloucester, New Britain, December 1943-January 1944.   “Japanese sentry who joined Marines.”   “Nipper,” a Japanese sentry dog, who voluntarily joined the Marines on Cape Glouchester, poses with Marine Master Technical Sergeant George E. Ausman, who had been a Marine since 1926.   Photographed by Sergeant G.F. Koepplinger, 10 February 1944.   Official U.S. Marine Corps Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.   (2014/7/9).

“Japanese sentry who joined Marines.” “Nipper,” a Japanese sentry dog, who voluntarily joined the Marines on Cape Gloucester, poses with Master Technical Sergeant George E. Ausman, who had been a Marine since 1926 (GW 966 77356).


127-GW-970-71518:   Battle of Cape Gloucester, New Britain, December 1943-January 1944.  Dummy Japanese gun crew.   To make Marines think the enemy was strong in one section on Cape Gloucester, the Japanese rigged up this scarecrow gun and crew. Photographed by Howard, 15 January 1944.  Official U.S. Marine Corps Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.   (2014/7/9).

Dummy Japanese gun crew: To mislead the Marines about the strength of the opposing forces in one area of cape Glousester, the Japanese rigged up this scarecrow gun and crew (GW 970 71518).


Cape Gloucester Invasion, December 1943

Loading LSTs at Oro Bay, New Guinea, on 24 December 1943, in preparation for the Cape Gloucester landings two days later. LSTs present include (from left to right): LST-202, LST-466, LST-468, LST-475, LST-474, and LST-18 (USMC 69080).


Photo #: 80-G-57445  Cape Gloucester Invasion, December 1943

USS Phoenix (CL-46) firing her 6-inch/47-caliber guns during the pre-invasion bombardment of Cape Gloucester, New Britain, circa 24-26 December 1943. Photographed from the ship's fantail, looking forward (80-G-57445).


Cape Gloucester Invasion, December 1943.

Marines and Coast Guardmen landing on Cape Gloucester, New Britain, circa 26 December 1943. An LVT-1 leads the way as some men carry stretchers and others push a jeep toward the beach (26-G-3046).


80-G-57458:  Battle of Cape Gloucester, New Britain, December 1943-January 1944.  Supplies being unloaded on the beachhead by LST-66, LST-67, LST-68, LST-202, and LST-204. Photographed by USS Nashville (CL-43), December 24-26, 1943.   Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collection of National Archives (2018/04/25).

Supplies being unloaded on the Cape Gloucester beachhead by LST-66, LST-67, LST-68, LST-202, and LST-204 (80-G-57458).


UA 462.20 William D. Watkins Collection

Wounded sailors at the Battle of Cape Gloucester (UA 462.20).


127-GW-971-77192:  Battle of Cape Gloucester, New Britain, December 1943-January 1944.   Marines with Japanese prisoner on Cape Gloucester, January 1944.   Official U.S. Marine Corps Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.   (2014/7/9).

Marines with Japanese prisoner on Cape Gloucester, January 1944 (GW 971 77192).


127-GW-971-89059:  Battle of Cape Gloucester, New Britain, December 1943-January 1944.  Japanese prisoners putting on clean closes.  Photographed by Howard, March 1944.  Official U.S. Marine Corps Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.   (2014/7/9).

Following their capture, Japanese prisoners at Cape Gloucester are issued clean clothing (GW 971 89059).


127-GW-966-77431:  Battle of Cape Gloucester, New Britain, December 1943-January 1944 “Birthday Toast”.   A toast if drunk in coconut juice on the occasion of the 24th birthday of Sergeant Milan A. Cicak, USMC.  The birthday found him and his buddies on a patrol in the Cape Glouchester jungle.  That’s Cicak in the center.  Left to right:  Gunnery Sergeant William E. Eisenhower; Private First Class Dominik D. Garogano.   Official U.S. Marine Corps Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.   (2014/7/9).

A toast is drunk in coconut juice on the occasion of the 24th birthday of Sergeant Milan A. Cicak, USMC (center). The birthday found him and his buddies on a patrol in the Cape Gloucester jungle (GW 966 77431).

Published:Thu May 17 14:56:03 EDT 2018