Nuclear weapon of the "Little Boy" type, the kind detonated over Hiroshima, Japan, on 6 August 1944. The bomb weighed about 9,000 pounds and had a yield equivalent to approximately 20,000 tons of high explosive (NH-123862).
Nuclear weapon of the "Fat Man" type, the kind detonated over Nagasaki, Japan, on 9 August 1945. The bomb weighed about 10,000 pounds and had a yield equivalent to approximately 20,000 tons of high explosive (NH-123863).
Hiroshima, September 1945: A Japanese soldier walks through the atomic bomb-leveled city (80-G-473733).
Nagasaki in September 1945, showing atomic bomb damage. This view is very near ground zero (NH-66152).
Garden at Hiroshima, Autumn," painting, watercolor on paper, Standish Backus, 1946 (99-186-AJ).
Japanese prisoners of war held on Guam stand with heads bowed after listening to Emperor Hirohito announce Japan's acceptance of Allied surrender terms, 15 August 1945 (80-G-490320).
Ships in Leyte Gulf, Philippines, firing pyrotechnic flares to celebrate the news that Japan had accepted Allied terms, 15 August 1945 (NH-62594).
Sailors at Naval Air Station, Beaufort, South Carolina, listen to a radio broadcast of news of Japan's surrender, 14 August 1945 (EST) (80-G-332968).
A sailor and a woman celebrating the announcement of Japan's surrender in Washington, DC, 14 August 1945 (EST) (80-G-377106).
One of two specially marked (overall white, with green crosses) Mitsubishi G4M-1 (“Betty”) aircraft on an airfield on Ie Shima, Ryukyu Islands, 19 August 1945. The plane brought Japanese envoys who were transferred to a USAAF C-54 and flown to Manila, where they received instructions concerning the surrender and occupation (NH-62869).
General of the Army Douglas MacArthur (top right) watches from a balcony above a crowd of spectators as the 16-man Japanese delegation arrives at City Hall, Manila, to make surrender arrangements (SC-210517).
The Japanese destroyer Hatsuzakura meets USS Nicholas (DD-449) off the coast of Japan to transfer Japanese officers for discussions concerning the entry of U.S. and British warships into Sagami Wan and Tokyo Bay, 27 August 1945. A whaleboat from Nicholas is alongside the Japanese ship (80-G-339801).
A Japanese naval officer boards USS Missouri (BB-63) with charts of Sagami Wan and Tokyo Bay for a piloting conference with Admiral William F. Halsey's staff, 27 August 1945. This conference was held to prepare for the entrance of U.S. Third Fleet and British Pacific Fleet ships into the bays for the Japanese surrender ceremonies (80-G-490393).
Lieutenant Commander Edward Porter Clayton, USN (center, back to camera), commanding officer of Underwater Demolition Team 21, receiving the first sword surrendered to an American force in the Japanese Home Islands. The surrender was made by a Japanese army coast artillery major (standing opposite Clayton) at Futtsu-misaki, across Tokyo Bay from Yokosuka navy base on 28 August 1945. Members of UDT-21 had landed from USS Burke (APD-65), whose boats are beached in this view (NH-71599).
Yokosuka Naval Base, 30 August 1945. Rear Admiral Robert B. Carney (center with shoulder holster), chief of staff to Admiral Halsey, is saluted by Vice Admiral M. Totsuka, commander of the 1st Japanese Naval District, as he turns over the base (NH-124375).
U.S. Marines destroying small arms at Futtsu-misaki, on Tokyo Bay across from the Yokosuka navy base, in a first step toward disarming Japan, 30 August 1945. Initial landings had taken place on that day. Identifiable weapons include 7.7mm Type 99 rifles (80-G-490440).
Allied prisoners of war cheering their rescuers, as the U.S. Navy arrives at the Aomori prison camp, near Yokohama, Japan, on 29 August 1945. These men, among the minority of prisoners still reasonably fit, are waving the flags of the United States, Great Britain and The Netherlands (80-G-490444).
Derelict Japanese battleship Nagato moored off the Yokosuka naval base, early September 1945 (80-G-374671).
An advanced Japanese fighter, the Mitsubishi A7M3 "Reppu" (Allied code name "Sam"), in a hanger, probably at Yokosuka, early September 1945. Note marking “J-A7-3” on tail, indicating assignment to Yokosuka Naval Air Station (80-G-193476).
Admiral William F. Halsey, commander, Third Fleet (right), welcomes Admiral Chester W. Nimitz aboard USS South Dakota (BB-57) in Tokyo Bay, 29 August 1945, after Nimitz flew in from Saipan. Both attended the Japanese surrender ceremonies on USS Missouri (BB-63) a few days later (80-G-490425).
Surrender ceremonies at Baguio, Luzon, on 3 September 1945. The Japanese commander, General Tomoyuki Yamashita, is seated in the middle on the near side of the table. Seated on the opposite side, second from left, is Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright, who had originally surrendered to the Japanese on Bataan in 1942 (NH-97276).
Lieutenant General Joseph W. Stilwell, commanding general, Tenth Army, signs the Ryukus Islands surrender document during ceremonies held at Tenth Army Headquarters on Okinawa, 7 September 1945. Standing beside him are Colonel Philip H. Bethune of the G-2 Section, and Major General Frank D. Merrill, chief of staff, Tenth Army. Interpreter T/4 Robert H. Oda is standing opposite the table, at right. The Japanese delegation is standing behind the table, at left (80-G-344918).
The surrender document signed in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945 is presented to President Harry S. Truman by Colonel Bernard Thielen on 7 September. Also present are (left to right): Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal; Secretary of War Henry Stimson; General George C. Marshall; Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King; Acting Secretary of State Dean Acheson; General A. A. Vandegrift, USMC; Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy; and Lieutenant General Ira Eaker. Colonel Thielen had escorted the document during its flight from Japan (80-G-700890).
U.S. troops entering Nagasaki, Japan, September 1945 (NH-65820).
A Japanese prisoner of war on Guam breaks down after hearing Emperor Hirohito's surrender broadcast, 15 August 1945 (80-G-490317).
Men of the 22nd Special Naval Construction Battalion listen as news of the Japanese surrender comes in on the radio, Naval Amphibious Base, Manus, Admiralty Islands (80-G-338464).
Sailors and their companions celebrate VJ-Day, Washington, DC, 14 August 1945 (EST) (80-G-377103).
Japanese military and civilian envoys wait to board a USAAF C-54 aircraft at Ie Shima airfield, Ryukyu Islands, 19 August 1945. The delegation had come to Ie Shima from Japan in specially marked aircraft, en route to General MacArthur's headquarters in Manila to receive instructions concerning surrender and occupation arrangements. The officer in the center foreground is the delegation's head, Lieutenant General Torashiro Kawabe, deputy chief of the Japanese army general staff (NH-62866).
Japanese officer, believed to be Rear Admiral Ichiro Yokoyama, and members of surrender delegation from Japan entering Allied headquarters at Manila City Hall three hours after landing in plane from Ie Shima (NHHC 2016-31/Brian Raine Collection).
Two U.S. Navy officers examine a Japanese officer's sword on board USS Nicholas (DD-449), 27 August 1945. The Japanese were on board to provide piloting services for Third Fleet ships entering Sagami Wan and Tokyo Bay. Note other Japanese swords and sword belts on the table in the foreground (80-G-332611).
Warships of the U.S. Third Fleet and the British Pacific Fleet in Sagami Wan, 28 August 1945, preparing for the formal Japanese surrender a few days later. Mount Fuji is in the background. Nearest ship is USS Missouri (BB-63), flying Admiral William F. Halsey's four-star flag. British battleship Duke of York is just beyond her, with HMS King George V further in. USS Colorado (BB-45) is in the far center distance. Also present are U.S. and British cruisers and U.S. destroyers (80-G-339360).
Marines of the 4th Regiment, 6th Division, come ashore at Yokosuka during initial landings in the Tokyo Bay area, 30 August 1945. Their LCVP is from USS Waukesha (AKA-84), and they appear to be pulling a 75-mm pack howitzer. In the distance are the Japanese battleship Nagato (in the center) and Yokosuka dockyard facilities (at right).
Japanese personnel stand in formation during the surrender of the Yokosuka naval base to U.S. Navy and Marine Corps forces, 30 August 1945 (80-G-K-6219).
Seaman Paul Gray, of San Dimos, California, practices riding on a Japanese bicycle while carrying a parasol, Yokosuka, 30 August 1945. (80-G-473728).
An Allied prisoner of war lies weakly on his cot, almost reduced to a bundle of bones by ill-treatment at the hands of the Japanese. Photographed upon the arrival of a U.S. Navy rescue team at the Aomori prison camp, near Yokohama, Japan, 29–30 August 1945. Note attendant's Japanese-style cap with U.S. Navy hospital corpsman insignia (80-G-490447).
Japanese Type D (Koryu) midget submarine on the ways at the Yokosuka naval base, early September 1945. This submarine's aft hull section has not been attached (80-G-339841).
Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, USN, Commander-in-Chief Pacific-Pacific Ocean Area (CINCPAC-CINCPOA) shakes hands with unidentified officers before he and his party board an aircraft at the Naval Air Base , Tanapag, Saipan, for Tokyo, 29 August 1945, to accept the Japanese surrender on board USS Missouri (BB-63) on 2 September 1945 (NH-62343).
USS Missouri (BB-63) steaming to her anchorage in Tokyo Bay for the formal signing of the Japanese surrender, 29 August 1945. A destroyer is alongside Missouri, and USS Iowa is beyond. This photograph was flown to Washington, DC, directly from Japan, arriving on 2 September 1945, the day the Japanese surrender was signed (NH-96780).
Raising the U.S. flag over Wake Island on 4 September 1945, as a U.S. Marine Corps bugler plays “Colors.” This was the first time the Stars and Stripes had flown over Wake since its capture by the Japanese on 23 December 1941. The officer saluting in the right foreground is Rear Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese commander on Wake. Colors carried by the U.S. party, left background, include the U.S. Marine Corps flag (NH-96813).
Lowering the Japanese flag during surrender ceremonies at Seoul, Korea, 9 September 1945. Photo taken by a USS San Francisco (CA-38) photographer (80-G-391464).
A Japanese guard stands by an English-language sign at the bridge spanning the moat of the Imperial Palace, Tokyo (80-G-490498).
On liberty in Yokosuka, Japan, October 1945. In center are Admiral Raymond A. Spruance and Vice Admiral Theodore S. Wilkinson, both in civilian clothes (NH-124469).