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Reverend Jesse Halsey, to Vice Admiral William S. Sims, Commander United States Naval Forces Operating in European Waters


From R.A.Murmansk             Date 17.5.18

                              10.35 am.


388. 14th May from Halsey American representative, <Murmansk> to Admiral Sims begins:

     U.S. OLYMPIA arrival anxiously awaited.1 Heavy German pressure on Moscow Govt. and Murman[sk] Soviet2 makes it necessary that we act quickly. Believe relatively large programme must be undertaken to keep North Russia permanently from German domination (?but to) temporarily uphold desired pro-allied sentiment in this district and ensure unity of action it is highly advisable our Cruiser be placed under absolute control of British Admiral here. French Cruiser is in that position. British and French are represented. Russians asking where arethe Americans. HALSEY. ends.

     R.A3 requests that this telegram may be sh<o>wn to 1st L,of Admy.4


Private Office 2 for action.

Source Note: Cy, DNA, RG 45, Entry 517B. The words in parenthesis with a question mark preceding them means that the code was garbled at this point and the decoder is uncertain of the text.  Jesse Halsey served in Moscow with the YMCA, as a Chaplain in British Naval Forces in the Arctic Circle, and as a representative of American Red Cross.

Footnote 1: The cruiser Olympia arrived in Murmansk on 24 May 1918. DANFS. It was to be part of a combined Allied force sent “to protect the area generally, to evacuate refugees, and to guard stores.” The expedition was under the overall command of a British rear admiral. Trask, Captains & Cabinets, 215.

Footnote 2: That is, the local government established by the Bolsheviks to govern city.

Footnote 3: That is, the Resident Adviser, Lt. Hugh Martin, a passport control officer who was also the senior representative of the United States in Murmansk at this time.

Footnote 4: Sir Eric Geddes.