Rear Admiral William F. Fullam, Commander, Division Two, United States Pacific Fleet, to Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels
UNITED STATES PACIFIC FLEET
U.S.S. OREGON, Flagship [San Diego, California]
204. WFF/F 16th February, 1918
To: Secretary of the Navy (OPERATIONS).(INTELLIGENCE).
Subject: Importance of a “White List” in addition to black list in connection with trading with Mexican and Central American ports.
References: (a) Comdr.Div.2 letter No.124,WFF-NS,5Feb.1918.
(b) Comdr.Div.2 personal letter to Captain Welles of
January 6, 1918, with enclosures.
(c) Comdr. Div.2 letter No.521 WFF/F of 26 Sept.,
1917 with enclosures.
(d) Comdr. Div.2 personal letter to Admiral Benson of
24 September, 1917.
Enclosures: (Copies of references)
1. Referring to the above subject and references, I beg to again most earnestly advise that every possible effort be made not only to strictly enforce the blacklist for the greatest possible injury to German merchants and traders on the Pacific Coast – who have been using there influence against the United States – but also to improve the Commercial relations between the United States and Mexican and Central American ports, by encouraging trade with and diverting trade to merchants other than German.
2. It has been brought to the attention of the Division Commander that friendly relations with Mexican and Central American people will be in some measure jeopardized if German merchants are blacklisted, without providing some means by which goods may be shippedto and received by individuals or merchants other than those of German nationality at the different ports on the Pacific Coast.
3. It was with this object in view that the suggestion of a “White List” was made, in order that other than Germans may receive the profits of trade and that the people of Mexico and Central America may not suffer and be prejudiced against the United States by an embargo on imports to those countries.
4. Captain Hardy, Commanding H.M.S.Avoca, who recently visited San Diego and conferred with the Division Commander, by direction of Commodore Colomb, commanding British Forces in the Pacific recommended very strongly that some such scheme as a “White list”, or other means be immediately adopted, to facilitate trade with Mexican and Central American ports, it being his opinion that this device would checkmate any tendency for Germans to win the sympathy of these people and incite the latter against the United States.
5. Captain Hardy particularly mentioned Amapala and pointed out that freight being piled up on the docks at that port, some means should be immediately taken to expedite its transportation; and that the effect of such action by the United States would create a favorable impression with the people of Honduras.
/s/ W. F. Fullam.