Bluejackets' Manual. Annapolis MD: United States Naval Institute, 1990. [Numerous revised editions of this book, which includes information on ratings, have been published since 1902].
Malin, Charles A. Draft of Abbreviations Used for Navy Enlisted Ratings. Washington, DC: Bureau of Naval Personnel (Pers-A31), 1970.
_____. Draft of Compiliation of Enlisted Ratings and Apprenticeships, U.S. Navy, 1775-1969. Washington, DC: Bureau of Naval Personnel., 1969.
_____. Draft of The United States Navy's World of Work: Nearly 200 Years of Evolution. Washington, DC: Bureau of Naval Personnel, 1971.
Stacy, John A. U.S. Navy Rating Badges, Specialty Marks and Distinguishing Marks, 1885-1982. Ft. Washington MD, 1982.