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Admiral Grace Hopper

A Select Bibliography

Photo #: NH 96920-KN Commodore Grace M. Hopper, USNR



Beyer, Kurt W. Grace Hopper and the Invention of the Information Age. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2009. 

Bilings, Charlene W. Grace Hopper: Navy Admiral and Computer Pioneer. Hillside, NJ: Enslow, 1989.

Bound, William. Selected Computer Articles 1983-84. Washington, DC: National Defense University, Department of Defense Computer Institute. [see "Hopper, Grace" pp. 534-540].

Godson, Susan H. Serving Proudly: A History of Women in the U.S. Navy. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2001.

Hopper, Grace and Steve Mandell. Understanding Computers. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing, 1984.

Mitchell, Carmen L. The Contributions of Grace Murray Hopper to Computer Science and Computer Education. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1995.

Whitelaw, Nancy. Grace Hopper: Programming Pioneer. New York: W. H. Freeman, 1995.

Williams, Kathleen Broome. Grace Hopper: Admiral of the Cyber Sea. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2004.

____. Improbable Warriors: Woman Scientists and the U.S. Navy in World War II. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2001.



Aiken, H. H., and Hopper, Grace M. "The Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator, I-III." Electronic Engineering 65 (August-September 1946): 384-91, 449-54, 522-28.

Andel, Tom. "Grace Hopper: Pioneer." Communications News (October 1989): 6-7.

Associated Press. "Navy's Oldest Officer Logs Off after 43 Years on Computers." New Haven Register (15 August 1986).

Bass, Brad. "Rear Admiral Hopper Finds Job and Plenty of Else To Do." Government Computer News 5 (September 1986): 2.

Betts, Mitch. "Grace Hopper. Mother of Cobol." Computerworld (6 January 1992): 13-14.

Bromberg, Howard. "Grace Murray Hopper: A Rememberence." IEEE Software (May 1992): 103, 105.

Crushman, John H. "Admiral Hopper's Farewell." New York Times (14 August 1986): B6, column 3-4.

Dickason, Elizabeth. "Looking Back: Grace Murray Hopper's Younger Years." Chips 12 no. 2 (April 1992): 5-8.

____. "Remembering Grace Murray Hopper: A Legend In Her Own Time." Chips 12 no. 2 (April 1992): 4-7.

"Digital Hires Dr. Hopper." New York Times (3 September 1986): D3, column 1.

"Grace Hopper Mixes Insight, Forsight; Has Important Role in 'Man's World.'" UNIVAC News 7 (March 1967): 4.

Hamblen, Diane. "Editorial." Chips 12 no. 2 (April 1992): 3.

___ . "Only the Limits of Our Imagination: An exclusive interview with Rear Adm. Grace M. Hopper, Amazing Grace." Chips Ahoy 6, no. 16 (July 1986): 3-6.

Hopper, Grace. "Compiling Routines." Computers and Automation (May 1953): 1-5.

____. "Standardization and the Future of Computers." Data Management (April 1970): 32-35.


Hopper, Grace and Janet J. Barron "Prioritizing Information." Byte (May 1991): 169-171.

Johnson, Steve. "Grace Hopper - A Living Legend." All Hands (September 1982): 3-6.

Markoff, John. "Rear Adm. Grace M. Hopper Dies; Innovator in Computers Was 85." New York Times. (3 January 1992): A18

Mason, John F. "Grand Lady of Software." Electronic Design 22 (25 October 1976): 86.

Pearson, Riochard. "Adm. Hopper Dies: Pioneer in Computers." The Washington Post (4 January 1992): D4, column 1.

Petzinger, Thomas, Jr. "History of Software Begins with Work of Some Brainy Women." Wall Street Journal (15 November 1996).

____. "Female Pioneers Fostered Practicality in Computer Industry." Wall Street Journal (22 November 1996).

Raussa, Rosario. "Computers In the Navy." Navy History 6, no. 3 (Fall 1992): 4-5.

____. "In Profile: Grace Murray Hopper." Naval History 6, no. 3 (Fall 1992): 58-61.

Sandler, Corey. "Keeping Up with Grace." PC Magazine (December 1983): 211.

Still, George. "Hopper: 'We're at the Beginning.'" Pentagram (15 December 1983): 1.

Sussman, Doris. "Pentagon Computer Pioneer - They Won't Let Her Retire." Jacksonville [FL] Journal (28 August 1975).

Tropp, Henry S. "Grace Hopper: The Youthful Teacher of Us All." Abacus (Fall 1984): 8.

Weiss, Eric. "Hopper's Legacy: Innovation, Education." IEEE Software (March 1992): 95.

Welch, Gregory W. "Howard Hathaway Aiken: The Life of a Computer Pioneer." The Computer Museum Report 12 (Spring 1985): 7.

Wetzstein, Cheryl, and Linda Joyce Forristal. "Grace Murray Hopper." The World and I (August 1989): 298-205.

Zietara, Marguerite. "Capt. Grace M. Hopper & The Genesis of Programming Languages." Computerworld (16 November 1981): 49-54.

____. Captain Grace M. Hopper and the Genesis of Programming Languages." The History of Computing. " (1981): 51-53.


Photo #: NH 96923 Captain Grace M. Hopper, USNR

Published: Mon Jan 04 11:42:16 EST 2021