Boylan, Robert J. "27 Pennants of Pride." Navy: The Magazine of Sea Power 14 (March 1971): 34- 37. Describes battle streamers for the United States Navy flag.
Dunn, Lucius C. "Some Unpublished History of Old Glory." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 61 (July 1935): 965-972.
Furlong, William R. So Proudly We Hail: The History of the United States Flag. With the editorial assistance of Harold D. Langley. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1981. 260 pp.
Harrison, Peleg D. Stars and Stripes and other American Flags, including their Origin and History, Army and Navy Regulations Concerning the National Standard and Ensign, Flag Making, Salutes, Improvised, ... Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1906.
Langbein, J.C. Julius. The American Flag. Its Origin and History. New York: Union Printing and Publishing Co., 1876.
Leepson, Marc. Flag: An American Biography. 1st. New York: Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin's Press, 2005.
Luckey, John. 2011. United States Flag: Federal Law Relating to Display and Associated Questions. (RL30243). Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC: U.S. Congressional Research Service. https://www.senate.gov/CRSpubs/b3ab4784-d79c-4ac0-a5cd-17f186dd2f3d.pdf
Mastai, Boleslaw and Marie-Louise D'Otrange Mastai. The Stars and Stripes; The American Flag as Art and as History from the Birth of the Republic to the Present. 1st ed. New York: Knopf, 1973.
McCraken, Alan R. "The Church Pennant." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 56 (August 1930): 717- 719.
Preble, George H. Origin and History of the American Flag and of the Naval and Yacht-Club Signals, Seals and Arms, and Principal National Songs of the United States, With a Chronicle of the Symbols, Standards, Banners, and Flags of Ancient and Modern Nations. Rev. ed. Philadelphia: N. L. Brown, 1917. 2 vols.
Quaife, Milo M., Melvin J. Weig, and Roy E. Appleman. The History of the United States Flag, From the Revolution to the Present, Including a Guide to Its Use and Display. New York: Harper, 1961. 182 pp.
Rankin, Hugh F. "The Naval Flag of the American Revolution." William and Mary Quarterly 2 (1954): 339-353.
Scott, Emma. How the Flag Became Old Glory. New York: Macmillan Company,1915.
Schermerhorn, Frank E. American and French Flags of the Revolution, 1775-1783. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Society of Sons of the Revolution, 1948. 148 pp.
Stars and Stripes: The Flag of the United States of America, When, Where, and by Whom was it First Saluted? The Question Answered. Concord, NH: Republican Press Association, 1876.
Stewart, Charles. The Stars and Stripes: A History of the United States Flag. Boston: Boylston Publishing Co., 1915.
U.S. Naval History Division. Battle Streamers of the United States Navy. Washington: GPO, 1972. 24 pp.
U.S. Office of Naval Operations. Flags, Pennants and Customs. DNC 27(A). Washington: GPO, 1965. various paging. Contains instructions regarding the description and display of flags used in the naval service.