Proclamation From Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy to the People of the Philippines
This dictatorial Government proposes to begin within a few days our military operations and being informed that the Spaniard intends to send us a Parliamentary Commission in order to open negotiations for restoring Spanish authority, and, being resolved to admit no negotiations of that sort in view of the collapse of a former treaty by default of the same Spanish Government, and noting moreover the presence in this place of certain persons coming in the capacity of spies for the said Spanish Government, as General-in-Chief of this region, I decree as follows:-
Article I.-- Civilians or soldiers who enter this territory with authority to negotiate, but without presenting themselves under a flag of truce as provided for such cases by International Law, and also those lacking credentials and documents for their due recognition of character and personality, shall be considered guilty of serving as spies and put to death.
Article II.-- Any Filipino who undertakes the aforesaid service shall be considered as a traitor to his country and there shall be imposed upon him the penalty of hanging by the neck in a public place for the period of two hours with a label attached bearing the statement that he is a traitor to his country.
Article III.-- Any soldier or civilian found within our territories seeking to pass over to the enemy bearing secrets of war or plans of our fortifications shall also be reckoned as a traitor and put to death.
Given in Cavite the twenty-fourth of May, 1898.
(Signed) Emilio Aguinaldo.
Source Note: Translation, DNA, RG 45, Entry 464.