The Navy Department Library
Forward Presence in the Modern Navy Bibliography
Aspin, Les. “Secretary Aspin Announces Bottom Up Review Results.” Washington, DC: Office of Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs), 1 September 1993. PDF [2.8 MB]
———.Report on the Bottom-Up Review. Washington, DC: Department of Defense, October 1993.
Ballentine, Duncan S. U.S. Naval Logistics in the Second World War. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1949.
Barlow, Jeffrey G. Revolt of the Admirals: The Fight for Naval Aviation, 1945–1950. Washington, DC: Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy, 1994.
———. From Hot War to Cold: The U.S. Navy and National Security Affairs, 1945–1955. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2009.
Bauer, K. Jack. A Maritime History of the United States: The Role of America’s Seas and Waterways. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1989.
Braisted, William Reynolds. The United States Navy in the Pacific, 1897–1909. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1958.
———. The United States Navy in the Pacific, 1909–1922. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1971.
———. “On the American Red and Red-Orange Plans, 1919–1939.” In Gerald Jordan, ed. Naval Warfare in the Twentieth Century, 1900–1945. London: Croom Helm, 1977.
Carter, Ashton. “Navy Program Balance,” Memorandum for Secretary of the Navy. Washington, DC: Secretary of Defense, 2015.
Carter, Worrall. Beans, Bullets, and Black Oil: The Story of Fleet Logistics Afloat in the Pacific During World War II. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1953.
Clark, Bryan, and Jesse Sloman. Deploying Beyond Their Means: America’s Navy and Marine Corps at a Tipping Point. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, 2015. http://csbaonline.org/research/publications/deploying-beyond-their-means-americas-navy-and-marine-corps-at-a-tipping-po.
Clark, Bryan, Peter Haynes, Bryan McGrath, Craig Hooper, Jesse Sloman, and Timothy A. Walton. Restoring American Seapower: A New Fleet Architecture for The United States Navy. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, 2017. http://csbaonline.org/research/publications/restoring-american-seapower-a-new-fleet-architecture-for-the-united-states-.
Cole, Bernard D. “The Interwar Forward Intervention Forces: The Asiatic Fleet, the Banana Fleet, and the European Squadron: The Battlefleet Trains While the Gunboats Fight.” Paper read at the U.S. Navy Forward Presence Bicentennial Symposium, 21 June 2001.
Cote, Owen R., Jr. The Third Battle: Innovation in the U.S. Navy’s Silent Cold War Struggle with Soviet Submarines. Newport, RI: Naval War College Press, 2003.
Cropsey, Seth. “The New Naval Strategy: A Mixed Bag.” Washington, DC: Hudson Institute, 23 March 2015. https://hudson.org/research/11154-the-new-naval-strategy-a-mixed-bag.
Cropsey, Seth, Bryan G. McGrath, and Timothy A. Walton. Sharpening the Spear: The Carrier, the Joint Force, and High-End Conflict. Washington, DC: Hudson Institute, October 2015. https://hudson.org/research/11731-sharpening-the-spear-the-carrier-the-joint-force-and-high-end-conflict.
Dalton, John, Jeremy Boorda, and Carl Mundy. Forward . . . From the Sea. Washington, DC: Department of the Navy, 1994. http://www.dtic.mil/jv2010/navy/b014.pdf.
Donald, Kirkland, Jonathan Altman, and Jon Solomon. “The U.S. Navy’s Role in Ensuring 21st Century American Security and Prosperity.” Real Clear Defense, 16 March 2017. http://www.realcleardefense.com/articles/2017/03/16/navy_21st_century_american_security_and_prosperity__110980.html.
DuBois, David. Admiral Thomas C. Hart and The Demise Of The Asiatic Fleet 1941–1942. Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 2331, 2014. http://dc.etsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3686&context=etd.
Dudley, William S “The Origins of the U.S. Navy’s Mediterranean Squadron, 1783–1816.” International Journal of Naval History, 1, 2002.
Dunford, Joseph, Jonathan Greenert, and Paul Zunkunft. Forward, Engaged, Ready: A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower. Washington, DC: Department of the Navy, 2015.
Dur, Philip A. “Presence: Forward, Ready, Engaged.” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 120 (June 1994): 41–44.
Eckstein, Megan. “CNO Greenert: Navy Could Fix Readiness Shortfall by 2020 if Sequestration is Avoided.” USNI News, 10 March 2015. https://news.usni.org/2015/03/10/cno-greenert-navy-could-fix-readiness-shortfall-by-2020-if-sequestration-is-avoided.
———. “Navy: Half the Carrier Fleet Tied Up In Maintenance, Other 5 Strained To Meet Demands.” USNI News, 4 November 2015. https://news.usni.org/2015/11/04/navy-half-the-carrier-fleet-tied-up-in-maintenance-other-5-strained-to-meet-demands.
Falk, Stanley L. Disarmament on the Great Lakes: Myth or Reality? U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 87 (December 1961): 69–73.
Fellman, Sam. “8-Month Deployments Become the New Norm.” Navy Times, 4 December 2013. http://www.militarytimes.com/story/military/archives/2013/12/04/8-month-deployments-become-the-new-norm-/78544174/.
Friedman, Norman. Seapower and Space: From the Dawn of the Missile Age to Net-Centric Warfare. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2000.
Friedman, Hal M. Digesting History: The U.S. Naval War College, The Lessons of World War Two, and Future Naval Warfare, 1945–1947. Newport, RI: Naval War College Press, 2010.
Gaffney, Hank, Eugene Cobble, Dmitry Gorenburg, Adam Moody, Richard Weitz, and Daniel Whiteneck. U.S. Naval Responses to Situations, 1970–1999. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2000.
Gerson, Michael, and Daniel Whiteneck. Deterrence and Influence: The Navy’s Role in Preventing War. CRM D0019315.A4/1Rev. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, March 2009. https://www.cna.org/CNA_files/PDF/D0019315.A4.pdf.
Goure, Daniel. “The Tyranny of Forward Presence.” Naval War College Review 54 (3): 11–24, 2001.
Goldstein, Lyle J. “China's New Missile-Torpedo May Curb U.S. Submarine Power.” The National Interest, 16 August 2016. http://nationalinterest.org/feature/its-missile-its-torpedo-its-chinas-new-anti-submarine-weapon-17374.
Goure, Daniel. “Forward Presence Has Always Been the U.S. Navy’s Primary Mission.” Arlington, VA: Lexington Institute, 2013. http://lexingtoninstitute.org/forward-presence-has-always-been-the-u-s-navys-primary-mission/.
Greenert, Jonathan W. Testimony before the Senate Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Defense on FY 2016. Washington, DC: Department of the Navy, 4 March 2015. https://www.appropriations.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/hearings/DEF%20Admiral%20Greenert%20Dept.%20of%20Navy%20Posture%20Statement%20030415.pdf.
Grygiel, Jakub J. “The Dilemmas of U.S. Maritime Supremacy in the Early Cold War.” Journal of Strategic Studies 28 (2): 187–216, 2005.
Harkavy, Robert E. Strategic Basing and the Great Powers, 1200–2000. London: Routledge, 2007.
Harrington, Gordon K. “The American Challenge to the English East India Company During the War of 1812,” in New Interpretations in Naval History: Selected Papers from the Tenth Naval History Symposium, eds. Jack Sweetman et al. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1993.
Haynes, Peter D. Toward a New Maritime Strategy: American Naval Thinking in the Post–Cold War Era. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2015.
Heginbotham, Eric, Michael Nixon, Forrest E. Morgan, Jacob L, Heim, Jeff.Hagen, Sheng Li, Jeffrey Engstrom, Martin C. Libicki, Paul DeLuca, David A. Shlapak, David R. Frelinger, Burgess Laird, Kyle Brady, and Lyle J. Morris. The U.S.-China Military Scorecard: Forces, Geography, and the Evolving Balance of Power, 1996–2017. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2015. http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR300/RR392/RAND_RR392.pdf.
Heritage Foundation. “2016 Index of U.S. Military Strength.” Washington, DC: Heritage Foundation, 2016. http://index.heritage.org/military/2016/assessments/us-military-power/us-navy/.
Herwig, Holger H. Politics of Frustration: The United States in German Naval Planning, 1889–1941. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1976.
Hoffman, Frank G. Rethinking Naval Forward Presence. Quantico, VA: Marine Corps Gazette 91 (5): 74, 2007.
Hone, Thomas C., and Trent Hone. Battle Line: The United States Navy, 1919–1939. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2006.
Hughes, Wayne P., Jr. “Naval Operations: A Close Look at the Operational Level of War at Sea.” Naval War College Review 65 (3): 23, 2012.
Huntington, Samuel. “National Policy and the Transoceanic Navy.” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 80 (May 1954): 483.
Johnson, Robert E. Far China Station: The U.S. Navy in Asian Waters. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1979.
Kazianis, Harry J. “China’s DF-26 Anti-Ship Ballistic Missile: What Does the Pentagon Really Think?” The National Interest, 18 May 2016. http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/chinas-df-26-anti-ship-ballistic-missile-what-does-the-16260.
Kotani, Tetsuo. “Presence and Credibility: Homeporting the USS Midway at Yokosuka.” Journal of American-East Asian Relations 15 (1-2): 51–76, 2008.
Labs, Eric. Preserving the Navy’s Forward Presence with a Smaller Fleet. Washington, DC: Congressional Budget Office, 2015.
———. An Analysis of the Navy’s Fiscal Year 2016 Shipbuilding Plan. Washington, DC: Congressional Budget Office, October 2015. https://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/114th-congress-2015-2016/reports/50926-shipbuilding-2.pdf.
LaGrone, Sam and Megan Eckstein. “Navy Wants to Grow Fleet to 355 Ships; 47 Hull Increase Adds Destroyers, Attack Subs.” USNI News, 16 December 2016. https://news.usni.org/2016/12/16/navy-wants-grow-fleet-355-ships-47-hull-increase-previous-goal.
Laird, Robbin. “Sustaining a Forward Presence: The Military Sealift Command.” Second Line of Defense, 2012. http://www.sldinfo.com/sustaining-a-forward-presence-the-military-sealift-command/.
Lehman, John F., Jr. Command of the Seas. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1988.
Livermore, Seward W. “The American Navy as a Factor in World Politics, 1903–1913.” American Historical Review 63 (4), 1958.
Looney, Robert, David Schrady, and Ronald Brown. “Estimating the Economic Benefits Engaged Naval Forces.” Interfaces, July/August 2001.
Lord, Carnes, and Andrew S. Erickson. Rebalancing U.S. Forces: Basing and Forward Presence in the Asia-Pacific. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2014.
Lundesgaard, Amund N. Controlling the Sea and Projecting Power: U.S. Navy Strategy and Force Structure After the Cold War. Oslo, Norway: University of Oslo, 2016.
Mabus, Ray. “American Seapower Today.” Remarks delivered at National Defense University. Washington, DC: National Defense University, 11 September 2013. http://www.navy.mil/navydata/people/secnav/Mabus/Speech/NDU_AsDelivered2013.pdf.
Mahan, Thayer Alfred. The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660–1783. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1890.
McDevitt, Michael. Redefining Maritime Security for the 21st Century. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2009.
Miller, Edward S. War Plan Orange: The U.S. Strategy to Defeat Japan, 1897–1945. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1991.
Miller, Marvin O., John W. Hammett, and Terence P. Murphy. “The Development of the U.S. Navy Underway Replenishment Fleet.” Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers Transactions, 95, 1987.
Modelski, George, and William R. Thompson. Seapower in Global Politics 1494–1993. Seattle, WA: University of Washington, 1988.
Muehlbauer, Matthew S., and David J. Ulbrich. Ways of War: American Military History from the Colonial Era to the 21st Century. London, UK: Routledge Press, 2013.
Nolfi, Albert A. To Train the Fleet for War: The U.S. Navy Fleet Problems. Newport, RI: Naval War College Press, 2010.
Packard, Wyman H. A Century of U.S. Naval Intelligence. Washington, DC: Department of the Navy, 1996. http://ibiblio.org/pha/A%20CENTURY%20OF%20US%20NAVAL%20INTELLIGENCE.pdf.
Pournelle, Phillip E. “The Rise of the Missile Carriers.” U.S Naval Institute Proceedings 139 (May 2013): 30–34.
Obama, Barrack. The National Security Strategy of the United States. Washington, DC: The White House, 2015.
Palmer, Michael A. Stoddert’s War: Naval Operations During the Quasi-War with France, 1798–1801. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1987.
Polmar, Norman. Chronology of the Cold War at Sea, 1945–1991. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1998.
———. Aircraft Carriers: A History of Carrier Aviation and Its Influence on World Events, Vol. 2, 1946–2006. Dulles, VA.: Potomac Books, 2008.
Reckner, James R. Teddy Roosevelt’s Great White Fleet. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1988.
Rhodes, Edward, Jonathan DiCicco, Sarah Milburn Moore, and Tom Walker. “Forward Presence and Engagement: Historical Insights Into the Problem of ‘Shaping.’” Naval War College Review 53 (1): 25–61, 2000.
Rubel, Robert C. “National Policy and the Post-Systemic Navy.” Naval War College Review 66 (4): 10, 2013.
———. “Straight Talk on Forward Presence.” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 141 (March 2015): 24–29.
Sales, Peter M. “Going Down Under in 1925.” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 111 (March 1985): 45–53.
Shenk, Robert. America’s Black Sea Fleet: The U.S. Navy Amidst War and Revolution, 1919–1923. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2012.
Solomon, Jonathan F. “Maritime Deception and Concealment: Concepts for Defeating Wide-Area Oceanic Surveillance-Reconnaissance-Strike Networks.” Naval War College Review 66 (4): 87, 2013.
Sherwood, John Darrell. Nixon’s Trident: Naval Power in Southeast Asia, 1968–1972. Washington, DC: Naval History and Heritage Command, 2009.
Siegel, Adam B. The Use of Naval Forces in the Post-War Era: U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps Crisis Response Activity, 1946–1990. CRM 90-246. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, February 1991. http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA258187 .
Simón, Luis. “Seapower and U.S. Forward Presence in the Middle East: Retrenchment in Perspective.” Geopolitics, Volume 21: 115–147, 2016.
Spring, Baker, John Luddy, and Larence DiRita. “Thumbs Down to the Bottom-Up Review.” Washington, DC: Heritage Foundation, 24 September 1993. http://www.heritage.org/defense/report/thumbs-down-the-bottom-review.
Stanik, Joseph T. Swift and Effective Retribution: The U.S. Sixth Fleet and the Confrontation with Qaddafi. Collingdale, PA: Diane Publishing Company, 2005.
Starr, Barbara. “U.S. Fifth Fleet reborn for active duty in the Persian Gulf.” Jane’s Defence Weekly, 27 May 1995.
Sternlieb, Steven, Sharon Pickup, William Wood, Barbara Gannon, Samuel Hinojosa, and Nancy Ragsdale. Bottom-Up Review: Analysis of Key DOD Assumptions. Washington, DC: General Accounting Office, GAO/NSIAD-95-56, January 1995. http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO/NSIAD-95-56.
Swanson, Harland J. “The Panay Incident: Prelude to Pearl Harbor.” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 93 (December 1967): 26–37.
Swartz, Peter M., and E. D. McGrady. A Deep Legacy: Smaller-Scale Contingencies and the Forces That Shape the Navy. CRM D0002861.A1 /Summary. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2000.
Swartz, Peter M. Sea Changes: Transforming U.S. Navy Deployment Strategy: 1775–2002. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2002.
Swartz, Peter M., and Michael C. Markowitz. Organizing OPNAV (1970–2009). Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2010.
Swartz, Peter M., and Karin Duggan. U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts (1970–2010): A Brief Summary. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
———. U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts. Introduction, Background and Analyses. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
———. The U.S. Navy in the World (1970–2010): Context for U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts: Volume I. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
———. U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts (1970–1980): Strategy, Policy, Concept, and Vision Documents. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
———. The U.S. Navy in the World (1970–1980): Context for U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
———. U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts (1981–1990): Strategy, Policy, Concept, and Vision Documents. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
———. The U.S. Navy in the World (1981–1990): Context for U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
———. U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts (1991–2000): Strategy, Policy, Concept, and Vision Documents. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
———. The U.S. Navy in the World (1991–2000): Context for U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
———. U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts (2001–2010): Strategy, Policy, Concept, and Vision Documents. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
———. The U.S. Navy in the World (2001–2010): Context for U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
———. U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts (1970–2010): Comparisons, Contrasts, and Changes, Volume I and II. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
———. U.S. Navy–U.S. Air Force Relationships 1970–2010. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2011.
Tangredi, Sam J. “The Rise and Fall of Naval Forward Presence.” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 125 (May 2000): 28–33.
———. Globalization and Maritime Power. Washington, D.C: National Defense University Press, 2002.
Tewell, Ryan T. Assessing the U.S. Aircraft Carrier Gap in the Gulf. Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2015.
Toll, Ian. Six Frigates: The Epic History of the Founding of the US Navy. New York: W. W. Norton, 2006.
Tolley, Kemp. Yangtze Patrol: The U.S. Navy in China. Annapolis MD: Naval Institute Press, 1971.
Till, Geoffrey. “New Directions in Maritime Strategy: Implications for the U.S. Navy.” Naval War College Review 60 (4): 29–43, 2007.
Ullman, Harlan. “Power, Politics, Perceptions and Presence: What's It All About?” in Naval Forward Presence: Present Status, Future Prospect, ed. Daniel Gourd, Conference Report. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies, November 1997.
U.S. Defense Logistics Agency. “Instruction: Global Force Management (GFM).” Defense Logistics Agency, 5 February 2014. www.dla.mil/issuances/Documents/i3000.03.pdf.
U.S. Navy. “Status of the Navy.” U.S. Navy, http://www.navy.mil/navydata/nav_legacy.asp?id=146.
Utz, Curtis A. Cordon of Steel: The U.S. Navy and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Washington, DC: Naval History and Heritage Command, 2003.
Watkins, James D. “The Maritime Strategy.” U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 108 (January 1982): 2–16.
Weisgall, Jonathan M. Operation Crossroads: The Atomic Tests at Bikini Atoll. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1994.
Whiteneck, Daniel J. Naval Forward Presence and Regional Stability. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2001.
Whiteneck, Daniel, Michael Price, Neil Jenkins, and Peter Swartz. The Navy at a Tipping Point: Maritime Dominance at Stake? Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 2010.
Wildenberg, Thomas. Gray Steel and Black Oil: Fast Tankers and Replenishment at Sea in the U.S. Navy, 1912–1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1996.
Winkler, David F. “The Evolution and Significance of the 1972 Incidents at Sea Agreement.” Journal of Strategic Studies 28 (2): 361–77, 2005.
Work, Robert O. Naval Transformation and the Littoral Combat Ship. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, 2004.
Yardley, Roland J., James G. Kallimani, John F. Schank, and Clifford A. Grammich. Increasing Aircraft Carrier Forward Presence: Changing the Length of the Maintenance Cycle. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2008. http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monographs/2008/RAND_MG706.pdf.
Yoshihara, Toshi. “Chinese Missile Strategy and the U.S. Naval Presence in Japan: The Operational View from Beijing.” Naval War College Review 63 (3): 39, 2010.
Zakheim, Dov S. The Political and Economic Implications of Global Naval Presence. Arlington, VA: System Planning Corporation, 1996.
Zakheim, Dov S. and Andrew Hamilton. U.S. Naval Forces: The Peacetime Presence Mission. Washington, DC: Congressional Budget Office, December 1978. https://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/95th-congress-1977-1978/reports/78-cbo-044.pdf.
Zumwalt, Elmo. On Watch. New York: New York Times, 1976.