Naval History and Heritage Command

Naval History and Heritage Command

Appendix 1

U.S. Navy Operations 1980–2010 (158)

Types of Operations: Peace Ops/Forward Presence, Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief (HADR), Freedom of Navigation (FON), Maritime Intercept Ops (MIO)1, Counter-Piracy, Noncombatant Evacuation Operations (NEO), Show of Force, Contingent Positioning, Combat

1980–89 (49)

Name/Dates Type Region/Countries     
Desert One 1980 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iran
Creek Sentry 1980–81 Show of Force Europe/Baltic/Poland
Iran-Iraq War 1981–82 Show of Force Arabian Gulf/Iraq/Iran
Israeli Invasion 1981 NEO Mediterranean/Lebanon/Israel
Al-Biqa Missiles I 1981 Show of Force Mediterranean/Israel/Syria
Sadat Assassination 1981 Contingent Mediterranean/Egypt
Yugoslav Unrest 1981 Contingent Mediterranean/Adriatic/Yugoslavia
Gulf of Sirte I 1981 FON Mediterranean/Libya
Surveillance Ops 1981 Show of Force Western Hemisphere/Nicaragua
ELF Sentry 1982–83 Contingent Mediterranean/Egypt
Lebanon War 1982–84 Contingent Mediterranean/Lebanon/Israel
Early Call 1983 Show of Force Mediterranean/Egypt/Libya
Marine Barracks Bombing 1983 Combat Mediterranean/Lebanon
Chad 1983 Peace Ops Africa/Chad/Libya
KAL007 1983 Show of Force Pacific/Soviet Union/S. Korea
Urgent Fury 1983 Combat Western Hemisphere/Grenada
Seaward Explorer Rescue 1984 Contingent Western Hemisphere/Cuba
Syria Attack 1984 Combat Mediterranean/Lebanon
Lebanon Withdrawal 1984 Combat Mediterranean/Lebanon
Iran-Iraq War 1984 Show of Force Arabian Gulf
Basra-Kharg Island Crisis 1984 Show of Force Arabian Gulf
Intense Look 1984 Show of Force Red Sea/Gulf of Aqaba/Libya
Ship Escorts 1984–1986 Show of Force Arabian Gulf
Embassy Show of Force 1985 Show of Force Mediterranean/Lebanon
Saudi Hijacking 1985 Contingent Arabian Gulf
Lebanon Hostages 1986 Contingent Mediterranean/Lebanon
Display Determination 1986 Contingent Mediterranean/Turkey
Egypt Air Hijacking 1986 Contingent Mediterranean/Morocco
TWA 847 Hijacking 1986 Contingent Mediterranean/Lebanon
Achille Lauro Rescue 1986 Combat Mediterranean/Italy
Gulf of Sirte II 1986 FON Mediterranean/Libya

[1] 

El Dorado Canyon 1986 Combat Mediterranean/Libya
Yemen Civil War 1986 NEO Indian Ocean/Yemen
Lebanon Hostages 1987 Contingent Mediterranean/Lebanon
Pakistan Air Hijacking 1987 Contingent Mediterranean/Cyprus
Nimble Archer 1987 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iran
USS Stark 1987 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Earnest Will 1987–88 Show of Force Arabian Gulf/Iraq/Iran/Kuwait
Pneumatic Hammer 1987–88 Show of Force Arabian Gulf/Iraq/Iran/Kuwait
Praying Mantis 1988 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iran
USS Samuel B. Roberts 1988 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iran
Jittery Prop 1988 Contingent Western Hemisphere/El Salvador/Nicaragua
Golden Pheasant 1988 Show of Force Western Hemisphere/Honduras
Nimrod Dancer 1988–89 Show of Force Western Hemisphere/Panama
Valiant Boom 1988 Show of Force Western Hemisphere/Panama
Maldives Coup 1989 Contingent Indian Ocean/Maldives
Classic Resolve 1989 Show of Force Pacific/Philippines
Hurricane Hugo 1989 HADR U.S. East Coast
Just Cause 1989–90 Combat Western Hemisphere/Panama

1990–99 (85)

Sea Angel 1990 HADR SW Asia/Bangladesh
Sharp Edge 1990–91 NEO Africa/Liberia
Desert Shield 1990–91 Show of Force Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Candid Hammer 1990–91 Show of Force Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Desert Storm 1991 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Provide Comfort 1991–97 Show of Force Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Iraq MIO 1991–2000 MIO Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Eastern Exit 1991 NEO Africa/Somalia
Victor Squared 1991 NEO Western Hemisphere/Haiti
Impressive Lift 1992 Peace Ops Africa/Somalia
Hot Rock 2010–11 HADR Mediterranean/Sicily
Iraq Nuclear Facility Strike 1992 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Southern Watch 1992–2000 Peace Ops /MIO/Combat Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Sharp Guard/Decisive Enhancement 1992–98 Show of Force Mediterranean/Balkans
Sharp Vigilance 1992 Show of Force Mediterranean/Balkans
Maritime Guard 1992–93 Show of Force Mediterranean/Balkans
Deny Flight 1993–95 Show of Force Mediterranean/Balkans
Provide Promise 1994 Contingent Mediterranean/Balkans
Joint Endeavor 1996 Peace Ops Mediterranean/Balkans
Decisive Edge 1996 Show of Force Mediterranean/Balkan
Deliberate Force 1996 Combat Mediterranean/Balkans

[2] 

Deliberate Guard 1996–97 Show of Force Mediterranean/Balkans
Joint Guard 1996–98 Peace Ops Mediterranean/Balkans
Joint Forge 1997–2001 Show of Force Mediterranean/Balkans
Deliberate Forge 1997–98 Show of Force Mediterranean/Balkans
Iraq TLAM Strikes 1993 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Restore Hope 1993 HADR Africa/Somalia
Korea/Nuclear Tensions 1993–94 Show of Force Pacific/Koreas/Japan
Support Democracy 1993–94 Show of Force Western Hemisphere/Haiti
Continued Hope 1993–95 Peace Ops Africa/Somalia
Show Care Peace Ops Africa/Somalia
More Care Peace Ops Africa/Somalia
Quick Draw Peace Ops Africa/Somalia
Distant Runner 1994 NEO Africa/Liberia
Support Hope 1994 HADR Africa/Somalia
USLO Withdrawal 1994 NEO Africa/Somalia
Able Vigil 1994 MIO Western Hemisphere/Cuba
Vigilant Warrior 1994–95 Show of Force Arabian Gulf/Kuwait
Uphold Democracy 1994–95 Show of Force Western Hemisphere/Haiti
Maintain Democracy 1995 Peace Ops Western Hemisphere/Haiti
Sea Signal JTF 1994–96 MIO Western Hemisphere /Cuba/Haiti
Greece/Turkey Tension 1995 Show of Force Mediterranean
United Shield 1995 NEO Africa/Somalia
Nuclear Reactor Negotiations 1995 Contingent Pacific/Koreas
Vigilant Sentinel 1995–96 Show of Force Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Sentinel Safeguard 1996 Show of Force Western Hemisphere/Cuba
Assured Response 1996 NEO Africa/Liberia
Quick Response 1996 NEO Africa/Monrovia
Taiwan Flexible Deterrent 1996 Show of Force Pacific/China (PRC)/Taiwan
Desert Strike 1996–97 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Operation Monitor 1997 Contingent Western Hemisphere/Cuba
Passive Oversight 1997 Contingent Western Hemisphere/Cuba
Silver Wake 1997 NEO Mediterranean/Albania
Guardian Retrieval 1997 NEO Africa/Zaire
Noble Obelisk 1997 NEO Africa/Sierra Leone
Bevel Edge 1997 Show of Force Pacific/Cambodia
Silent Assurance 1997–98 Combat SW Asia/Afghanistan
Northern Watch 1997–2001 Show of Force Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Desert Thunder 1997–98 Show of Force Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Desert Fox 1998 Show of Force Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Bevel Incline 1998 NEO Pacific/Indonesia
Autumn Shelter 1998 NEO Africa/Zaire
Shadow Express 1998 NEO Africa/Liberia

[3] 

Safe Departure 1998 NEO Africa/Ethiopia/Iritrea
Silver Knight 1998 NEO Mediterranean/Albania
Determined Falcon 1998 Show of Force Mediterranean/Balkans
Deliberate Guard 1998 Show of Force Mediterranean/Balkans
Balkan Calm 1998 Peace Ops Mediterranean/Bakans
Infinite Reach 1998 Combat Africa/Sudan/Afghanistan
Resolute Response 1998 NEO Africa/Kenya
Safe Departure 1998 NEO Africa/Eritrea
Desert Fox 1998 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Eritrea NEO 1999 NEO Africa/Eritrea
Shadow Express 1999 NEO Africa/Liberia
Desert Viper 1999 Show of Force Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Noble Anvil 1999 Combat Mediterranean/Balkans
Shining Hope 1999 Peace Ops Mediterranean/Balkans
Allied Force 1999 Peace Ops Mediterranean/Balkans
Joint Guardian 1999 Peace Ops Mediterranean/Balkans
Balkan Calm II 1999 NEO Mediterranean/Balkans
Noble Safeguard 1999 Show of Force Mediterranean/Israel
Avid Response 1999 HADR Mediterranean/Turkey
East Timor Stabilize 1999–2001 HADR Pacific/Indonesia

2000–10 (24)

Determined Response 2000 NEO Indian Ocean/Yemen
EP3 Incident (PRC) 2001 FON Pacific/China (PRC)
Bold Samaritan 2000–2002 HADR Pacific/Indonesia/East Timor
Sheltering Sky 2003 NEO Africa/Liberia
Enduring Freedom 2001–2014 Contingent/ Combat SW Asia/Afghanistan
Pegasus Venture 2002 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Dynamic Response 2002–2003 Peace Ops Mediterranean/Balkans
Shining Express 2003 Contingent/ NEO Africa/Liberia
North Korea Nuclear Crisis 2003 Show of Force Pacific/Koreas/Japan
Iraqi Freedom 2003–10 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Unified Assistance 2004–2005 HADR Pacific/Thailand/Indonesia
JTF Katrina 2005 HADR U.S. Gulf Coast
Sea Horse 2005 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iraq
Lebanon War II 2006 NEO Mediterranean/Lebanon/Israel
Goodwill-Kaibigan 2007 HADR Pacific/Philippines
Sea Angel II 2007 HADR SWA/Bangladesh
Caring Response 2008 HADR Pacific/Samoa/Tonga/Solomon Islands/ Kiribati/Marshall Islands

[4] 

Assured Delivery 2008 Show of Force Russia/Georgia
Ocean Shield 2008– Counter-Piracy Indian Ocean/Gulf of Aden
Allied Protector 2009– Counter-Piracy Indian Ocean/Gulf of Aden
Maersk Alabama 2009 Counter-Piracy Indian Ocean/Gulf of Aden
Deepwater Horizon BP Oil Spill 2010 HADR U.S. Gulf Coast
Unified Response 2010 HADR Western Hemisphere/Haiti
New Dawn 2010–11 Combat Arabian Gulf/Iraq

Sources:

Cobble, W. Eugene, H. H. Gafney and Dmitry Gorenburg, For the Record: All U.S. Forces’

Responses to Situations, 1970–2000 (with Additions Covering 20002003). Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, Center for Strategic Studies, CIM D0008414.A3/1Rev, May 2005.

Forster, Larissa. Influence without Boots on the Ground: Seaborne Crisis Response. Newport, RI: Naval War College Press, Newport Papers 39, January 2013.

Gafney, H. H. and Robert C. Benbow Jr., et al. Employment of Amphibious MEUs in National Responses to Situations. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, Center for Strategic Studies, CIM D0015288.A2/Final, December 2006.

Kingsley, Maria and Alison Rimsky Vernon. Disaster Relief and Engagement Operations, 1990 2010: A Synthesis of CNA Analyses. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, CRM D0024934.A1/Final, April 2011.

Seigel, Adam B. “The Use of Naval Forces in the Post-War Era: U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps Crisis Response Activity, 1946–1990.” Center for Naval Analyses Research Memorandum 90-246, February 1991.

Swartz, Peter M. and Karin Duggan. The U.S. Navy in the World (1981–1990): Context for U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, MISC D0026419.A1/Final, December 2011.

Swartz, Peter M. and Karin Duggan. The U.S. Navy in the World (1991–2000): Context for U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, MISC D0026420.A2/Final, March 2013.

Swartz, Peter M. and Karin Duggan. The U.S. Navy in the World (2001–2010): Context for U.S. Navy Capstone Strategies and Concepts. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, MISC D0026422.A2/Final, December 2011.

[5]

Note:

1 MIO also included vessel boarding, search and seizure (VBSS) ops.

[END] 

Published: Thu Dec 15 06:33:53 EST 2016