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The Navy, Science, and Professional History

by Gary E. Weir


Allison, David.  “U.S. Navy Research and Development since World War II.” In Merritt Roe Smith, Military Enterprise and Technological Change. Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1985, 289–328. 

———. New Eye for the Navy: The Origin of Radar at the Naval Research Laboratory. NRL Report 8466. Washington, DC: Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), 29 September 1981. 

Barth, Kai-Heinrich. “The Politics of Seismology: Nuclear Testing, Arms Control, and the Transformation of a Discipline,” Social Studies of Science, vol. 33, no. 5 (October 2003): 743–81. 

Baxter,James Phinney. Scientists Against Time. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1968. 

Dennis, Michael Aaron. “Earthly Matters: On the Cold War and the Earth Sciences,” Social Studies of Science, vol. 33, no. 5 (October 2003): 809–19. 

Doel, Ronald E. “Constituting the Postwar Earth Sciences: The Military’s Influence on Environmental Sciences in the USA after 1945,” Social Studies of Science, vol. 33, no. 5 (October 2003): 635–66. 

Duncan, Francis. Rickover and the Nuclear Navy: The Discipline of Technology. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press (NIP), 1990. 

———, Rickover: The Struggle for Excellence.  Annapolis, MD: NIP, 2001. 

Foreman, Paul. “Behind Quantum Electronics: National Security as a Basis for Physical Research in the United States, 1940–1960,” Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 18 (1987): 149–229. 

Geertz, Clifford. Local Knowledge: Further Essays in Interpretative Anthropology. New York: Basic Books, 1983. 

Hamblin, Jacob D. “The Navy’s ‘Sophisticated’ Pursuit of Science: Undersea Warfare, the Limits of Internationalism, and the Utility of Basic Research,” Isis 93 (2002): 1–27. 

———. Oceanographers and the Cold War: Disciples of Marine Science. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2005. 

Leslie, Stuart W. The Cold War and American Science: The Military-Industrial-Academic Complex at MIT and Stanford. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. 

MacKenzie, Donald. Inventing Accuracy: A Historical Sociology of Nuclear Missile Guidance. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993. 

McBride, William M. “The ‘Greatest Patron of Science’: The Navy Academia Alliance and U.S. Naval Research, 1896–1923,” Journal of Military History 57 (1993): 7–33. 

Merton, Robert K. On Social Structure and Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996. 

Mukerji, Chandra. A Fragile Power: Scientists and the State. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990. 

Oreskes, Naomi. “A Context of Motivation: U.S. Navy Oceanographic Research and the Discovery of Sea-Floor Hydrothermal Vents,” Social Studies of Science, vol. 33, no. 5 (October 2003): 697–742. 

Sapolsky, Harvey. Science and the Navy: A History of the Office of Naval Research. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990. 

Taylor, A. Hoyt. The First Twenty-Five Years of NRL. Washington, DC: Navy Department, 1948. 

van Keuren, David, “Science, Progressivism, and Military Preparedness: The Case of the Naval Research Laboratory, 1915–1923,” Technology and Culture 33 (1992): 710–36. 

Weir, Gary E. An Ocean in Common: American Naval Officers, Scientists, and the Ocean Environment. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 2001. 

Williams, Kathleen Broome. Grace Hopper: Admiral of the Cyber Sea. Annapolis, MD:NIP, 2004. 

———. Improbable Warriors: Women Scientists and the U.S. Navy in World War II. Annapolis, MD:NIP, 2001.

Published: Mon Apr 03 09:23:45 EDT 2017