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Naval History and Heritage Command

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Eagle I (Schooner)


(Sch: t. 187; l. 58'; b. 20'; dph. 9'; cpl. 70; a. 14 6-pdr.)

A large bird of prey of the falcon family, noted for its strength, size, grace, keenness of vision, and powers of flight, chosen for the national seal of the United States of America.


The first Eagle, a schooner, was built at Philadelphia, Pa., in 1798, and commissioned in the Revenue Cutter Service under the command of Captain H. G. Campbell, USRCS. She was transferred to the Navy in July 1798 for service in the undeclared naval war with France, and placed on the permanent Navy List in April 1800.

From October 1798 Eagle patrolled off the coast of South Carolina and Georgia protecting American shipping from French privateers. Ordered to the West Indies, she arrived at Prince Rupert's Bay, Dominica, 14 March 1799, to hunt French ships, and to convoy merchant vessels on the Guadeloupe Station until late in June, when she sailed for Newcastle, Del. She returned to the Caribbean in August 1799 for similar duty until 10 September 1800 when she set sail for St. Thomas, V.I., with the sloop-of-war Maryland, escorting a convoy of 52 ships. After arrival at Newcastle on 28 September, Eagle was laid up for repairs. Eagle's third cruise to the West Indies extended from January to June 1801, when she returned to Baltimore.

During her career of protecting United States' rights on the high seas, she captured or assisted in the capture of 22 French vessels which had been preying on American ocean commerce. Eagle was sold 17 June 1801.

Published: Tue Jul 07 11:24:02 EDT 2015