Naval History and Heritage Command

Naval History and Heritage Command

Memorandum ordering the suspension of offensive operations against Japan, 14 August 1945


<p>Typed memorandum with handwritten notes concerning the suspension of offensive operations against Japan, signed by Fleet Admiral William Leahy.</p>

Title: Memorandum, Suspension of Offensive Operations Against Japan, FADM William D. Leahy
Accession #: NHHC 1959-60-HC
Circa: 1945
Size: 8 x 10.375"
Medium: Paper
Location: Headquarters Artifact Collection, Naval History and Heritage Command

 

An 8” x 10 3/8” sheet of white paper dry mounted to a piece of 8 1/8” x 10 7/8” white matte board. The paper has two holes punched in the top margin. Marked below the holes is a preprinted letterhead in black reading: THE WHITE HOUSE / WASHINGTON. The paper has a typewritten message in black ink which reads:

13 August 1945 (the 3 is changed to a 4 by hand in black ink)

MEMORANDUM FOR

General Marshall

Admiral King

The Government of Japan having at (crossed out in black ink) / __________________ accepted the / Allied Governments’ demand for surrender, you / are hereby directed to suspend offensive opera- / tions against Japanese Military and Naval Forces / insofar as is consistent with the safety of / Allied Forces in your area.

The memorandum is signed at the bottom in black ink “William D Leahy” and the same hand has written on the line above “on 14 August”. Below this are two notes written in pencil by two different hands, the first reading:

                F-O

                A message to Cincpac attached went / before receipt of this memo by / the watch officer.                                                                                                                                      Cooke

The second note reads:

                                                                                      15 August

                Message sent to Cincpac quoting above order

                                                                                                asm

Fleet Admiral William Daniel Leahy served from 1942 to 1949 as Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief for Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman. In this roll, Leahy was the highest-ranking member of the armed services and oversaw the Joint Chiefs of Staff, which included the Army Chief of Staff, General of the Army George C. Marshall, Jr. and Chief of Naval Operations, Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King.

The first note, signed “Cooke” was most likely written by Admiral Charles M. Cooke, Jr., who served under FADM King as Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Operations. The reference to “Cincpac” (or CINCPAC) in both notes refers to the Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet, the position held by Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz.


Photo #: 80-G-K-14447 Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, USN, Chief of Staff to the President and Senior Member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Title: Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, USN, Chief of Staff to the President and Senior Member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Published: Wed Jul 29 13:38:37 EDT 2020