Title: Bayonet, US, Collins & Co
Accession #: NHHC 2011-29-45
Size: 0.75" H x 25.25" L x 3.75" W; Blade 20.25"
Medium: Steel, Brass
Location: Headquarters Artifact Collection, Naval History and Heritage Command
Saber bayonet for a 1850s pattern Sharps rifle. There is record of a number of these being issued to US Navy ships during the late 1850s.
The bayonet has a steel blade with a ribbed cast-brass grip and cross-guard. The blade is stamped with an anchor and 1861 on the obverse ricasso and Collins & Co / Hartford / Conn on the reverse. The cross-guard is also stamped with an anchor. The flat of the grip is stamped 503 while the obverse cross-guard is stamped 4.C.8.
Better known for their axes and agriculture implements, Collins & Co turned to the manufacturing of swords and bayonets at the outbreak of the American Civil War. They contracted with the firearms companies to produce bayonets compatible with the new models of rifles.