Herzog Low Visibility-Dazzle System Contemporary drawing of a camouflage system developed circa 1917 by Louis Herzog. It was intended to reduce a ship's visibility and cause confusion in determining its heading by generating a shimmering effect similiar to that produced by heat waves. A description of this camouflage system is on pages 39 & 40 of The Science of Low Visibility and Deception as an Aid to the Defense of Vessels Against Attack by Submarines, by Lindell T. Bates. Published by the Submarine Defense Association, New York City, 1918. In 1974 the original volume was in Record Group 45 at the U.S. National Archives. This drawing is Figure 17 of that publication. U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.