Warner Dazzle System Contemporary drawing of a camouflage system developed circa 1917 by Everett L. Warner. It was intended to cause confusion in determining a ship's heading at relatively short ranges and somewhat reduce its visibility at long ranges. See Photo # NH 68750 for a photograph of a ship painted in a variation of this camouflage system. A description of Warner's camouflage systems is on page 37 of The Science of Low Visibility and Deception as an Aid to the Defense of Vessels Against Attack by Submarines, by Lindell T. Bates. Published by the Submarine Defense Association, New York City, 1918. In 1974 the original volume was in Record Group 45 at the U.S. National Archives. This drawing is Figure 13 of that publication. U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.