Naval History and Heritage Command

Naval History and Heritage Command

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  • Boats-Ships--Aircraft Carriers
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  • Ship History
Wars & Conflicts
  • World War II 1939-1945
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Casablanca (CVE-55)

1943–1946


Image related to Casablanca
Caption: USS Casablanca (CVE-55)

Casablanca, a port of French Morrocco, was the major base for the American campaigns in North Africa during World War II.

(CVE-55: displacement 7,800; length 512'3"; beam 65'2"; extreme width 108'1"; draft 20'9"; speed 19 knots; complement 860; armament 1 5-inch, 8 40-millimeter, 12 20-milimeter; aircraft 27; class Casablanca)

Aircraft escort vessel Ameer (AVG-55) was awarded under an 18 June 1942 Maritime Commission contract; reclassifed to an auxiliary aircraft carrier (ACV-55) on 20 August 1942; laid down on 3 November 1942, by Kaiser Shipbuilding Co., Vancouver, Wash.; renamed Alazon Bay (ACV-55) on 23 January 1943; and renamed Casablanca (ACV-55) on 3 April 1943. Casablanca was launched on 5 April 1943; sponsored by First Lady Mrs. A. Eleanor Roosevelt; acquired by the Navy on 8 July 1943; reclassified to an escort aircraft carrier (CVE-55) on 15 July 1943; and commissioned the same day, Cmdr. W.W. Gallaway in command.

Casablanca reported to the Pacific Fleet and operated in the Strait of Juan de Fuca as a training ship for escort carrier crews from the time of her commissioning through August 1944. On 24 August, she cleared San Francisco, Calif., carrying men, airplanes, and aviation gasoline to Manus in the Admiralties, a base for western Pacific operations. Returning to Seattle, Wash., on 8 October, she resumed her training operations in Puget Sound until 22 January 1945, when she began a repair period at San Diego, Calif.

Putting to sea on 13 March 1945, Casablanca called at Pearl Harbor, T.H., then delivered passengers and aircraft brought from the west coast at Guam. Acting as transport for passengers, aircraft, and aviation gasoline, she operated between Samar, Manus, and Palau until 12 May, when she put back for a west coast overhaul. She returned with passengers to Pearl Harbor on 24 June, and through the summer transported sailors from the west coast to Pearl Harbor and Guam. After brief employment in carrier qualification training off Saipan in August, she carried homeward bound servicemen to San Francisco, arriving 24 September. Continuing to aid in the redeployment of Pacific forces during Operation Magic Carpet, Casablanca carried passengers on a voyage from the west coast to Pearl Harbor in September and October, and in November, made a passage to Pearl Harbor, Espíritu Santo in the New Hebrides [Vanuatu], and Nouméa, New Caledonia, to embark more passengers. Her last voyage on this duty (8 December–16 January 1946) charted a course from San Francisco to Yokohama, Japan. Casablanca cleared San Francisco on 23 January for Norfolk, Va., arriving on 10 February. There she was decommissioned on 10 June 1946, and sold on 23 April 1947.

Published: Wed Apr 01 16:33:26 EDT 2020