Naval History and Heritage Command

National Museum of the U.S. Navy

Battle of the Atlantic

The Battle of the Atlantic was a continuous operation beginning in September 1939 until Germany's surrender in May 1945.   Germany's warships and submarines, U-boats, focused on sinking merchant shipping, thereby reducing the amount of supplies reaching the United Kingdom and other European Allies.   Attacks on U.S. Navy ships began on September 4, 1941, with the attack on USS Greer (DD-145) and occurred throughout the Autumn.   The United States would formally enter the battle as a full combatant following the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.  German U-boats would remain a menace until the German Surrender on May 7, 1945.  This section houses photographic essays on Anti-Submarine Warfare; Convoy Ships; U-boat engagements; German submarines, U-boats; Lighter-Than-Air-Aircraft; U.S. Naval Bases; along with Allied and Axis personnel.  

Image:   80-G-79393.  German U-boat incident #3992.  U.S. Navy aerial attack on Type VIIC German submarine, U-664, on August 9, 1943.   The submarine is shown sinking after an attack by Lieutenant Junior Grade G.G. Hogan, USNR.  Forty-four survivors were picked-up and taken onboard USS Card (CVE-11).   Previously, U-664 sank three Allied merchant ships, including the American merchant, SS Rosario, on February 21, 1943.  Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.  (2015/08/08).