Franklin Delano Roosevelt (30 January 1882-12 April 1945), the 32nd President of the United States, and Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (11 October 1884-7 November 1962), the First Lady during his four terms of office. For additional information see Franklin D. Roosevelt and Anna Eleanor Roosevelt.
The first U.S. Navy ship named Roosevelt. Aircraft carrier Franklin D. Roosevelt (CVB-42) was launched as Coral Sea on 29 April 1945, but was renamed Franklin D. Roosevelt on 8 May 1945 soon after his death in office. The ship was reclassified to an attack aircraft carrier (CVA-42) on 1 October 1952, reclassified to an aircraft carrier (CV-42) on 30 June 1975, and served from 1945-1977.
(DDG-80: displacement 9,515; length 510'; beam 66'; draft 33'; speed 30+ knots; complement 312; armament 1 5-inch, 2 Mk 41 Vertical Launch System (VLS) for BGM-109 Tomahawks, RIM-156 SM-2MR Standards, and RUM-139 VL-ASROC Antisubmarine Rockets, 2 Mk 15 Close In Weapon Systems (CIWS), 4 .50 caliber machine guns, and 6 Mk 32 torpedo tubes, aircraft 2 Sikorsky SH-60B Light Airborne Multi-Purpose System (LAMPS) Mk III Seahawks; class Arleigh Burke)
Roosevelt (DDG-80) was laid down on 15 December 1997 at Pascagoula, Ms., by Ingalls Shipbuilding Division, Litton Industries; launched on 10 January 1999, sponsored by Mrs. Nancy R. Ireland, granddaughter of President and Mrs. Roosevelt; and commissioned on 14 October 2000 at Mayport, Fla., Cmdr. Matthew E. Bobola in command.
Blue and gold represent the Navy. The fret symbolizes President Roosevelt’s leadership skills in bringing stability and strength to American society during the crises of the Great Depression and the threat of fascist aggression. His calls to Americans for preparedness and confidence and his resolve during World War II are denoted by the sword, which indicates also the ship’s readiness to deploy her modern weaponry in defense of the country. The demi-sun signifies truth and the aspirations for a better world, which President Roosevelt encouraged Americans to share with him. The orle signifies the unity he brought to the country and the all-encompassing areas of responsibility of his office. White represents integrity and loyalty, and gold denotes excellence.
The demi-burst signifies the achievement of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Presidency, bringing the United States out of domestic crisis and through world-wide conflict. The ship’s wheel recalls his appointment in 1913 as Assistant Secretary of the Navy. It denotes also his success in guiding America through the difficult years of his Presidential terms. The lozenge, traditionally a feminine heraldic symbol, is a reference to his wife, A. Eleanor Roosevelt, who assisted him politically and became a force in her own right. The sides of the lozenge represent his four elections to the Presidency. The rose, the state flower of New York, recalls his governorship of that state and is a canting reference to his family name. Scarlet denotes courage and sacrifice, and gold indicates excellence.
South Korean-flagged fishing vessel Dong Won (628) issued a distress call that pirates fired on her, approximately 60 nautical miles off the coast of Somalia, on the morning of 4 April 2006. Vice Adm. Patrick M. Walsh, Combined Maritime Forces Component Commander, based in Bahrain, directed multiple ships and aircraft from Combined Task Force 150 to respond.
Roosevelt and Dutch air defense and command frigate Zeven Provinciën (F.802) carried out maritime security operations in the region and received bridge-to-bridge reports concerning the battle at about 1000. Both ships came about and made for the area, but pirates boarded and seized the South Korean vessel, and at about 1500 they turned Dong Won, towing two skiffs, toward Somali territorial waters. The coalition ships attempted to thwart the pirates from escaping with their prize, but the pirates threatened their captives and the allies reluctantly allowed the motor vessel to reach territorial waters in order to spare the captured fishermen.
Roosevelt (out of the picture) and Dutch air defense and command frigate Zeven Provinciën (F.802) intercept and shadow Dong Won (628) after pirates capture the South Korean-flagged fishing vessel off the Somali coast, 4 April 2006. (Unattributed U.S. Navy Photograph 060404-N-0000X-001, Navy NewsStand)
Three armed Libyans seized commercial tanker Morning Glory, which Pentagon Press Secretary Rear Adm. John Kirby called a “stateless vessel,” early in March 2014. The ship carried oil owned by the Libyan government’s National Oil Co., but illicitly obtained from that country’s port of As-Sidra. The Libyan and Cypriot governments requested assistance, and coalition forces, including guided missile destroyers Roosevelt and Stout (DDG-55), deployed as part of the George H.W. Bush (CVN-77) Carrier Strike Group, responded.
In addition, a Sea, Air, Land (SEAL) team, attached to Special Operations Command Europe, deployed to Roosevelt. The destroyer provided helicopter support and served as a command and control and support ship when, just after 1500 on 16 March, the SEALs boarded and took control of Morning Glory in international waters just southeast of Cyprus, capturing the hijackers and freeing the crewmembers. Stout dispatched a team of sailors that boarded the tanker and relieved the SEALs, and which then helped sail the ship to Libyan waters. On 19 March guided missile frigate Elrod (FFG-55) relieved Stout. Elrod turned Morning Glory over to the Libyan authorities in international waters outside Libya, and they brought the ship into Zawiya, Libya, on 22 March.
Roosevelt faithfully shepherds amphibious assault ship Bataan (LHD-5), with embarked marines of the 22nd Marine Expeditionary Unit, in the Arabian Gulf, 22 September 2014. (Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Michael Fiorillo, U.S. Navy Photograph 140922-N-FG909-086, Navy NewsStand)
Detailed history under construction.
Mark L. Evans
27 January 2015