(Str: t. 226; a. 8 24-pdr. how.)
A small long-winged sea bird which flies far from land.
The second Petrel, a tinclad wooden steamer, was purchased as Duchess at Cincinnati, Ohio, 22 December 1862, renamed Petrel, and commissioned with Volunteer Lt. John Pearce in command. Assigned to the Mississippi Squadron, she participated in the Yazoo River expedition against Haynes Bluff, 30 April-1 May 1863, then went after Confederate shipping on the Yazoo and Sunflower rivers. In July she cruised the Red, Black, Tensas and Ouachita rivers, capturing four rebel vessels and military stores.
On 3 February 1864 she helped silence Confederate batteries at Liverpool, Miss., on the Yazoo, to initiate naval operations to prevent Southern harassment of Sherman's expedition to Meridian. For the next two weeks the ships pushed up the Yazoo, engaging Confederate troops as far up the river as Greenwood. A month and a half later, Petrel commenced attacks on Yazoo City. On 22 April, however, she was disabled, captured, and after the removal of her guns and most valuable stores, was burned.