(APA-178; dp. 6,873 (It.) ; l. 455-; b. 62'; dr. 24'; s. 17 k.; cpl. 536; trp. 1,520; a. 1 5", 12 40mm., 10 20mm.; cl. Haskell; T. VC2-S-AP5)
A county in north central Nevada.
Lander (APA-178) was laid down 9 October 1944 by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp., Portland, Oreg., under a Maritime Commission contract; launched 19 November 1944; sponsored by Mrs. H. C. McVean, Jr.; acquired by the Navy 8 December 1944; and commissioned 9 December 1944 at Astoria, Oreg., Capt. John D. Sweeney in command.
After shakedown, Lander operated off the California coast until she departed San Pedro, Calif., 9 February 1945 for the western Pacific. Steaming via Pearl Harbor, the attack transport reached Eniwetok 28 February, joined units of TF 51, and sailed 2 March for Iwo Jima. She sighted the embattled island 6 March and cruised in a holding area before dropping anchor 14 March. She embarked marine casualties and loaded cargo, then sailed for Guam 20 March. Arriving the 22d, she embarked additional marines and departed the next day for Pearl Harbor where she arrived 4 April.
Carrying troops and cargo, the attack transport departed 20 May for the Ryukyus. Steaming via the Marshalls and Ulithi, she arrived Okinawa 7 June and landed her troops as reinforcements. After embarking 220 military passengers and 560 enemy prisoners, she sailed 11 June and transferred troops and POW's at Ulithi 17 June. Departing the 18th, Lander embarked additional passengers at Manus, Admiralties; Eniwetok, Roi-Namur, and Kwajelein, Marshalls; and Pearl Harbor before arriving San Francisco 17 July.
As the war drew to a close, Lander transported 1,436 troops to Eniwetok, arriving 17 August. Proceeding 25 August, she steamed via Ulithi to the Philippines and arrived Manila 7 September. On two cruises from 20 September to 21 October, she carried occupation troops and equipment between the Philippines and Japan. After joining the "Magic Carpet" fleet 24 October, she sailed from Matsuyama, Japan, 27 October; embarked 1,934 homebound veterans at Saipan; and departed 1 November for San Francisco, where she arrived 14 November.
Sailing for the western Pacific 29 November, she embarked military passengers at Guam 15 December and returned them to San Pedro 28 December. Lander departed for San Francisco 21 January 1946. then sailed 28 January for the east coast. Arriving Norfolk 16 February, she decommissioned 29 March. Transferred to the Maritime Commission 1 April, she was placed in the National Defense Reserve Fleet and at present is berthed at James River, Va.
Lander received two battle stars for World War II service.