Naval History and Heritage Command

Naval History and Heritage Command

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Goshen (APA-108)

1944- 

A county in Wyoming.

(APA-108: displacement 8,100; length 492'; beam 69'6"; draft 24'; speed 16 knots; complement 306; troops 1,562; armament 2 5-inch, 8 40 millimeter, 12 20 millimeter; class Bayfield; type C3-S-A2)

Goshen (APA-108), originally Sea Hare, was laid down by Western Pipe & Steel Co. under a Maritime commission contract on 31 January 1944; launched 29 June; sponsored by Mrs. James B. Black; acquired by the Navy 13 December 1944; and commissioned the same day Capt. Carroll T. Bonney in command.

After shakedown along the California coast, Goshen departed Long Beach 4 February 1945, for additional combat and amphibious training in the Hawaiian Islands. Embarking over 1,400 troops and officers at Honolulu, she departed there for duty in the Western Pacific. Goshen made brief stops at Ulithi and Eniwetok before proceeding to the Okinawa area where the bitter campaign to secure that Japanese-held fortress was already underway.

The transport arrived off Hagushi beaches on 17 April 1945, and immediately commenced disembarking troops and unloading cargo. Goshen completed her task five days later and sailed for Saipan arriving there on the 27th. After loading mail and passengers at Saipan, Russell, Florida, and New Hebrides Islands, she sailed for the United States 18 May, arrived San Francisco 3 June.

Goshen made another cruise to the western Pacific in July carrying troops and cargo for the final month of the war. She was at Saipan when news of the Japanese acceptance of surrender terms was received. After the war Goshen operated between the Philippines and Japan for the next 4 months as she shuttled occupation troops and cargo among the Islands.

During December the transport joined the growing number of ships engaged in Operation "Magic Carpet," an organized project to bring the war veterans back home immediately. On 10 December she steamed out of Sasebo with over 1,400 America bound Marines, finally arriving San Diego on the 28th.

In late January 1946 Goshen departed the West Coast arriving Lynnhaven Roads, Va., 12 February. She decommissioned at Norfolk on April and was delivered to WSA 2 May 1946. She was sold in 1947 to American Mail Line, Ltd., and renamed Canada Mail.

Goshen received one battle star for World War II.

Published: Sun Aug 07 19:39:25 EDT 2016