A river in New England, and one of the 13 original States.
The fifth U.S. Navy ship named Connecticut. The first Connecticut, a gondola, served from 1776–1777. The second Connecticut, a frigate, served from 1799–1801. The third Connecticut, a side-wheel steamer, served from 1861–1865. Pompanoosuc, a screw steamer whose building began about 1863, was renamed Connecticut on 15 May 1869 but never launched; she was condemned and broken up in 1884. Monitor Connecticut was renamed Nevada in January 1901, while building. The fourth Connecticut (Battleship No. 18), was reclassified to BB-18 on 17 July 1920, and served (with some interruptions) from 1906-1923.
(SSN-22: displacement 9,137; length 353'; beam 40'; draft 36'; speed 25 knots; complement 116; armament UGM-109 Tomahawk cruise missiles, UGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missiles, and Mk 48 Advanced Capability torpedoes—eight torpedo tubes; class Seawolf)
The fifth Connecticut (SSN-22) was laid down at General Dynamics Electric Boat, Groton, Conn.; launched on 1 September 1997; sponsored by Mrs. Patricia L. Rowland, wife of John G. Rowland, Governor of Conn.; and commissioned at Naval Submarine Base New London, Conn., on 11 December 1998, Capt. Larry H. Davis in command.
Dark blue and gold are the colors traditionally used by the U.S. Navy. White denotes integrity and red is for courage and sacrifice. The rococo shield is adapted from the armorial bearings of the state of Connecticut; its color highlights the “Great White Fleet,” in which the fourth Connecticut took part. The tomahawks represent UGM-109 Tomahawk cruise missiles. The dark blue silhouette of the first working submarine, Turtle, which attacked the British at New York in 1776, recalls the heritage of SSN-22. The star and anchor are adapted from the “Command at Sea” emblem and recall the Navy’s role in preserving America’s command of the seas.
The trident is a traditional symbol of maritime prowess; its bottom spike points to the ocean depths, Connecticut’s area of operation. The oak leaves, representing the Charter Oak of 1687, reflect the deep-rooted historic traditions of Connecticut, and mark the refusal of their early leaders to give up their love of freedom. The dolphins, animals of speed and intelligence, are symbolic of submarine service.
The stars on the border represent the four previous ships named Connecticut.
Connecticut spent several months under the Arctic ice -- and briefly broke through -- when she took part in exercise ICEX-03, carrying out Mk 48 Advanced Capability torpedo tests and conducting training operations, and collaborating with scientists accomplishing experiments at the Applied Physics Laboratory Ice Station (APLIS) 03, an ice camp. Anglo-American researchers established the camp on an ice flow north of Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, on 13 March 2003, and an average of 50 to 60 men and women hosted a submarine tracking range, science laboratory, and a small airport. The people at APLIS-03 battled the harsh elements, and a watch made regular rounds to inspect the ice for cracks that might destroy the camp. In addition, from time-to-time a young, 500-plus pound polar bear curiously examined the researchers, who dubbed their intrusive visitor “Fred.” The camp drifted about 160 nautical miles to the northwest by the time the researchers disestablished it on 3 May.
Connecticut surfaces and breaks through the ice during ICEX-03, 27 April 2003. Crewmen dub this inquisitive local “Fred,” and he spends nearly 40 minutes examining the submarine before he wanders off -- without damaging the boat. (Mark Barnoff, U.S. Navy Photograph 030427-O-0000B-001, Navy NewsStand)
Fred continues his inspection, 27 April 2003. (Mark Barnoff, U.S. Navy Photograph 030427-O-0000B-002, Navy NewsStand)
The submarine completed a deployment to the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean as part of the Wasp (LHD-1) Expeditionary Strike Group, from 31 March–2 September 2004. The voyage marked the first time that she integrated with such a group during a deployment, and crewman blasted Thin Lizzy’s “The Boys are Back in Town” through a pair of loudspeakers as they eased the boat up the Thames River when she returned to New London.
Connecticut shifted from the Atlantic Fleet to the Pacific Fleet when the boat changed her home port from Naval Submarine Base New London, Conn., to Naval Base Kitsap, Wash., from 15 July 2007–29 January 2008. Connecticut circumnavigated the globe during her voyage, and visited Subic Bay, Philippines, from 25–30 October, and Busan, South Korea, 21–25 November.
Connecticut plunges ahead of U.S. and Japanese ships when multinational exercise AnnualEx 19G, the maritime component of Keen Sword ’08, concludes in the Philippine Sea, 16 November 2007. (Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Stephen W. Rowe, U.S. Navy Photograph 071116-N-6106R-200, Navy NewsStand)
Detailed history under construction.
Mark L. Evans
21 July 2015