Born in County Wexford, Ireland, in 1745, John Barry was appointed a Captain in the Continental Navy on 7 December 1775. He commanded brigantine Lexington and frigate Alliance. He was seriously wounded while in command of Alliance when she captured British sloops-of-war Atalanta and Trepassy on 29 May 1781. Appointed senior captain upon the establishment of the U.S. Navy, he commanded frigate United States in the Quasi-War with France. Commodore Barry died at Strawberry Hill, near Philadelphia, Pa., on 13 September 1803, and was buried in St. Mary's Cemetery, Philadelphia. For additional information see John Barry.
For the ship's Command Operations Reports see (http://www.history.navy.mil/research/archives/command-operations-reports/ships/b/barry-ddg-52.html).
(DDG-52: displacement 8,960; length 505'; beam 66'; draft 31'; speed 30+ knots; complement 356; armament 1 5-inch, 2 Mk 41 Vertical Launch System (VLS) for BGM-109 Tomahawks, RIM-156 SM-2MR Standards, and RUM-139 VL-ASROC Antisubmarine Rockets, 8 RGM-84 Harpoons, 2 Mk 15 Close In Weapon Systems (CIWS), 4 .50 caliber machine guns, and 6 Mk 32 torpedo tubes, aircraft operate (but not embark) 1 Sikorsky SH-60B Light Airborne Multi-Purpose System (LAMPS) Mk III Seahawk; class Arleigh Burke)
The fourth Barry (DDG-52) was originally named John Barry but renamed Barry on 1 February 1988; laid down on 26 February 1990 at Pascagoula, Miss., by Ingalls Shipbuilding Division, Litton Industries; launched on 10 May 1991; sponsored by Mrs. Rose C. Cochran, wife of Senator William T. Cochran of Miss.; and commissioned on 12 December 1992, Cmdr. Gary Roughead in command.
Red, white, and blue are the United States’ national colors. The field of bars, adapted from the Barry coat of arms, refers to Capt. John Barry, for whom the ship was named. The stars recall the four battle stars awarded to the second Barry (DD-248/APD-29) in World War II and represent all four ships to bear the name Barry. The wavy pile represents the Navy in which Capt. Barry held his commission. The lion symbolizes courage and strength. Gold stands for excellence; red and white for courage and integrity.
The frigate United States symbolizes the unbroken tradition of patriotism, valor, fidelity, and ability from the Navy’s beginning, and represents America’s maritime supremacy. It also honors the heritage of the three previous ships to bear the name Barry. The stars and bars together symbolize the United States and refer further to Capt. John Barry’s ship of that name.
“Strength” is derived from the formidable power which Barry (DDG-52) takes to sea, while “Diversity” refers to the ship’s multi-mission capabilities. The motto also represents the strength that the United States derives from its cultural diversity, as evidenced by the contribution of Capt. Barry, an Irish immigrant, to the founding of the nation.
During 2006, Hezbollah terrorists attacked Israeli settlements with rockets, and the Israelis therefore began Operation Change of Direction - to drive Hezbollah from Israel’s northern border. On 16 July 2006, amphibious assault ship Iwo Jima (LHD-7), amphibious transport dock Nashville (LPD-13), and dock landing ship Whidbey Island (LSD-41), with the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit embarked, received orders to come about from the Red Sea and operate as part of Task Force 59, Brig. Gen. Carl B. Jensen, USMC, in command, for what became Operation Strengthen Hope - the evacuation of Americans trapped in the fighting in Lebanon.
Barry, Capt. Jeffrey S. Wolstenholme in command, sailed across the Eastern Mediterranean en route to the Black Sea to take part in Sea Breeze 2006, a multi-national exercise with the Georgians, Greeks, Turks, and Ukrainians, the maritime portion of which was scheduled to begin on 19 July. The U.S. withdrew from Sea Breeze 2006 in order to evacuate the people trapped in Lebanon, and the participants then agreed to cancel the exercise. Barry thus came about and made for the Levant, and together with guided missile destroyer Gonzales (DDG-66), escorted civilian ships chartered to evacuate people to Cyprus.
European Command directed Joint Task Force (JTF) Lebanon to take over the mission performed by Task Force 59 on 23 August, and by USAF Lockheed MC-130P Combat Shadows and Sikorsky MH-53M Pave Low IVs and USA Boeing Vertol CH-47 Chinooks. Vice Adm. John D. Stufflebeem subsequently broke his flag in command of JTF Lebanon in command ship Mount Whitney (LCC-20). Amphibious assault ship Wasp (LHD-1), with Helicopter Mine Countermeasures Squadron (HM) 14 Detachment 1 embarked, began a surge deployment to the area from NS Norfolk, Va., on 25 August. Additional ships that took part included guided missile cruiser Hue City (CG-66), amphibious transport dock Trenton (LPD-14), high speed vessel Swift (HSV-2), and Military Sealift Command-manned oilers Big Horn (T-AO-198) and Kanawha (T-AO-196). The force evacuated nearly 15,000 Americans and provided humanitarian assistance to victims of the fighting.
Fighting raged across Libya between Moammar Qadhafi and rebels opposed to his regime in 2011. The war drove tens of thousands of refugees across the neighboring border, and overburdened UN relief workers revealed that the plight of the fugitives reached a “crisis point.” The UN Security Council thus passed Resolution 1973 authorizing the use of force, including the implementation of a no-fly zone, to end Qadhafi’s attacks against the Libyans. The U.S. froze at least $30 billion worth of Libyan assets, and on the night of 19 March 2011 the Americans, British, Canadians, Danes, French, Italians, and Spaniards launched Operation Odyssey Dawn to destroy Qadhafi’s ability to attack civilians and to impose a no-fly zone.
Air and missile strikes pounded more than 20 integrated Libyan air defense and radar systems and airfields. Four USMC McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier IIs and 15 USAF aircraft including Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirits flew 19 air sorties, and guided missile destroyers Barry and Stout (DDG-55), guided missile submarine Florida (SSGN-728), attack submarines Providence (SSN-719) and Scranton (SSN-756), and British attack submarine Triumph (S.93) fired more than 110 BGM-109 Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles (TLAMs). Grumman EA-6G Growlers and Harrier IIs subsequently jammed enemy transmissions. Adm. Samuel J. Locklear III, Commander JTF Odyssey Dawn, broke his flag in command ship Mount Whitney (LCC-20). These attacks hit primarily SA-2, SA-3, and SA-5 surface-to-air missile batteries around Libyan airfields, as well as enemy aircraft on the ground and munitions sites, enabling the allies to enforce the no-fly zone from east to west throughout Libya. British Air Vice Marshal Gregory J. Bagwell, RAF, told reporters on 23 March that the Libyan Air Force “no longer exists as a fighting force.”
Libyan Coast Guard patrol vessel Vittoria fired indiscriminately at merchantmen in the port of Misrata, Libya, on 28 March 2011. The allies intervened to protect the mariners, and Barry provided situational awareness for NATO aircraft by managing the airspace and maintaining the maritime picture. A Patrol Squadron (VP) 5 crew manned a VP-26 Lockheed P-3C Orion and fired an AGM-65F Maverick air-to-surface missile that slammed into Vittoria, the Libyans beaching the vessel. A USAF Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II raked a pair of smaller Libyan boats with its 30 millimeter GAU-8/A Avenger Gatling gun, compelling the crew of the first boat to abandon ship, and damaging the second vessel. Barry also joined British, French, and Italian forces in protecting merchant and humanitarian assistance vessels by warning them away from the battle. JTF Odyssey Dawn was disestablished on 30 March, and the allied force shifted to NATO Operation Unified Protector. “Within several days a large force was put together and within hours after it was assembled we were affectively dismantling the military capability of Moammar Qadhafi’s regime,” Adm. Locklear told Barry’s crewmembers at Augusta Bay on 31 March. “This particular ship was instrumental in the many ways of making that possible.” The ongoing NATO air support enabled the rebels to eventually defeat the dictator, and they ambushed and killed Qadhafi while he fled from Surt on 20 October.
Detailed history under construction.
Mark L. Evans