Seated in his Curtiss pusher biplane, just before taking off from USS Pennsylvania (Armored Cruiser # 4) to return to land, 18 January 1911. Earlier in the day he landed on the ship's deck, the first time an airplane had landed on a warship. Note Ely's flying attire, including a leather helmet and rubber inner tubes worn around his shoulders as a life preserver. Photograph from the Eugene B. Ely scrapbooks. U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.