Innovations with U.S. Navy diving and exploration have been continually evolving since the 1860's. Since that time, the U.S. Navy, working with civilian scientific community, has made advances with navigation, scientific research, diving equipment, and submarines. Project Nekton displayed this success when the bathyscapheTrieste descended 35,797 feet on January 23, 1960, to the deepest part of the known Earth's ocean, Challenger Deep, in the Mariana Trench. With the use of remote-operated vehicles (ROVs), the U.S. Navy has assisted to find sunken submarines such as USS Thresher (SSN-593) in 1963/64 and USS Scorpion (SSN-589) in 1968. Some other uses of these vehicles have been to search for the British-manned submersible Pisces III off Ireland 1973, the Titanic in 1986, and the Space Shuttle Challenger in the Atlantic Ocean following her explosion also in 1986.
Interesting artifacts in the Undersea Exploration exhibit include:
- The bathyscaphe Trieste and the Terni Sphere, attaches to the bathscaphe's observation deck.
- Model of the Trieste.
- Replica of Alvin (DSV-2).
- Diving equipment: Scuba-diving vest and tank; Mark XII Diving Suit; Siebe-Air Compressor; Neufeldt-Kuhnke Armored Diving Suit; Fluess Oxygen Rebreather.
- Diving Through the Ages Dioramas: Flavius V. Renatus' leather-breathing tubes; Niccolo F. Tartaglia's Hourglass; Diving Bell; John Lethbridge's Diving Machine; and Frederek von Drieberg's compressed-air device.
- Remote Operated Vehicle from Dr. Robert Ballard's trip to the Titanic in 1986 and an underwater camera used for the search of USS Thresher in 1964.
- Sextant from USS Scorpion.
- CURV III, remote-operated vehicle, located in the Cold War Gallery, Bldg. 70.
Click on the model, or replica, below for a photographic history.