Electrician Mate 3rd class John Fenoglio Peacoat.
John Fenoglio was born in March 29,1920, in Cherry, Illinois to an Italian immigrant family. His father worked in the coal mine industry. According to his draft document, dated July 1941, John was 21 years old, weighed 122 pounds, had a sallow complexion, gray eyes, brown hair and was about 5'8" tall.
In the United States Navy John was trained as an Electrician Mate 3rd class and he served on both the USS Ericsson (DD-440) in 1945 and the USS Los Angeles (CA-135) from 1945-1946. John's WWII-era uniform, peacoat included, was manufactured by Naval Clothing Factory.
After World War II, John owned and operated Fenoglio TV and Appliance in Marseille, Illinois where the store was open from 1947-1989.
Newspaper Article about Chief Specialist Steve Belichick.
The sports teams at Great Lakes have a long history peppered with athletes who went on to accomplish amazing feats on and off the field. One such sailor was Chief Specialist Steve Belichick.
Belichick joined the Navy in 1942 and served in both Europe and the Pacific Theater during World War II. He later went on to spend over thirty years as a scout for the United State Naval Academy and is the father of current New England Patriots coach, Bill Belichick. Check out this article about Chief Specialist Steve Belichick's football feats from a 1942 edition of The Great Lakes Bulletin.
Grace McNally WWII Red Cross Artifacts.
During World War II, the American Red Cross played a critical role in the wartime effort both on the front and home front. By 1945, 7.5 million Red Cross volunteers assisted the organization’s 39,000 paid staff in providing service to the military. Throughout World War II, the organization served 16 million military personnel.
The Midwest’s Ninth Naval District had Red Cross staff members assigned to it to assist the installation with numerous medical functions on base. This shadowbox features Grace McNally’s World War II Red Cross Uniform, identification card, and accompanying photographs and certificate. In her early twenties, McNally volunteered for the Red Cross and served throughout the war. During her time at the Red Cross, she served in the Motor Corps and drove ambulances. Her sister, Margaret McNally, also volunteered for the Red Cross.
A regulation U.S. Navy bugle is made of brass and is in the Key of "G." A bugle has five key parts, which include the mouthpiece, the tube, the bell tube, the bell, and the tuning slide.
The official "Manual for Buglers," originally dating from 1919, is one in a series of Navy Training Courses prepared by the Bureau of Naval Personnel. Designed for a quick self-study, there are six chapters, The Bugler, Sounding the Bugle, Reading Music, Starting your Practice, Bugle Practice, and The Calls.
The bugle is used as a warning call for the ship. According to the manual, there are over 100 different calls including two of the most recognizable, Evening Colors and Taps. The calls are broken up into three main categories: Routine, Emergency, and Routine and Emergency. An example of a "Routine" call would be Attention to Orders, an "Emergency call" would be Man Overboard or Torpedo Defense Quarters. An example of a "Routine and Emergency Call" would be Watertight Doors, which would be "sounded as a signal to secure the ship below the water line for the night during maneuvers or fog."
Though the bugle in the NMAS colelction dates from the 1940s, the same design was used by buglers at Great Lakes as early as 1911. Today, the bugle is still used and its sound is distinctly recognizable.
Newspaper Article about the Spanish Flu Pandemic
While the preventative measures for COVID-19 may at times feel restrictive and stifling, "social distancing" is not a new phenomenon. It was also employed during the 1918 influenza pandemic, one of the deadliest pandemics in world history. The death toll for that pandemic is estimated between 17 and 50 million people, though the number could be much, much higher.
The 1918 pandemic targeted the very young, meaning a naval boot camp full of eighteen year olds, like Naval Station Great Lakes, sadly offered the perfect home for the virus. As evidenced in this Great Lakes Bulletin article from October 15, 1918, events in nearby North Chicago and Waukegan were canceled in the hopes that the disease would slow its spread if sailors and other infected persons didn't leave the base. It is thought that the 1918 pandemic spread as far and quickly as it did because not enough preventative measures were taken early on.
Equator Crossing Certificate
This Equater Crossing Certificate was earned by Ralph George Harvey in 1943. Crossing the equator while at sea is a noteworthy achievement for any sailor. Ceremonies were held to initiate the new sailors into the ranks of “shellbacks,” otherwise known as sailors who have already crossed the equator. The ceremonies often featured King Neptune, god of the seas. All Sailors were presented with a certificate to mark the achievement. As you can see, these certificates were more than official records; they are also works of art.
Type G-1 Flight Jacket
Donald Kreymer first joined the United States Navy on 1 June 1943 at the rank of Ensign. His draft card lists him as being 21 years old, 135 lbs., 5’8” tall, with light complexion, blue eyes, and brown hair. During World War II he did his carrier qualifications at Naval Air Station Glenview, and served on the USS Gambier Bay (CVE-73) during his service.
Called again to help his country, Kreymer served with the United States Navy during the Vietnam War. From 1963-1969, he served as an active duty Chaplain. To the right is Chaplain Kreymer's Type G-1 flight jacket, which he wore during his service in Vietnam.
Extra Naval history trivia: Star Sportswear Mfg. Co. out of Massachusetts produced this Type G-1.
Sailors’ love of tattoos stretches back hundreds of years, to when British Royal Navy officer Captain James Cook first explored the Polynesian islands in the eighteenth century. American Sailors embraced tattoos. One example from the National American of the American Sailor’s artifact collection that demonstrates this love is the tattoo art of Coridon Laverne Wheeler, a United States Navy Sailor who drew this image around the turn of the twentieth century. Born in 1874, Wheeler served aboard the USS Chicago, which later became USS Chicago (CA-14). "Flash art" are pre-made tattoo design sheets from which Sailors would pick ready-made tattoos from tattoo shop display books or walls, a tradition still followed today.
Anchors and American flags were, and still are, popular designs for Sailors, especially after the USS Maine (ACR-1) sank in Havana Harbor on 15 February 1898, killing three-quarters of its crew. The Maine’s explosion served as a catalyst for the United States' involvement in the Spanish-American War. Following its explosion, American Sailors tattooed memorials of the USS Maine as a sign of patriotism and to honor their perished shipmates.
In today's modern Navy, Sailors continue to get tattoos of flags, memorials, or other patriotic symbols tattooed as a way to honor those that came before and as a bond to the heritage of enlisted Sailors. Wheeler’s sketchbook, along with his tattoo kit, are part of National Museum of the American Sailor’s permanent collection.