Dates in American Naval History: August
1801 - U.S. schooner Enterprise captures Tripolitan ship Tripoli
1921 - Successful tests of gyroscopic high level bombsight (Norden Bombsight) at Torpedo Station, Yorktown, VA. Carl Norden developed the bombsight for the Bureau of Ordnance.
1946 - Office of Naval Research established
1950 - Control of Guam transferred to Department of Interior
1958 - USS Nautilus (SSN-571) submerges under Arctic ice cap near Point Barrow
1943 - PT-109, under command of LTJG John F. Kennedy, cut in half by Japanese destroyer Amagiri
1943 - Naval task groups bombard Japanese forces on Kiska, Alaska
1950 - Amphibious force ships land Marine First Provisional Brigade at Pusan, Korea helping to save this last area of South Korea from capture.
1964 - Three North Vietnamese PT boats attack USS Maddox (DD-731) in international waters in Gulf of Tonkin. Maddox sinks one.
1804 - American Squadron, including USS Constitution, attacks Tripoli
1812 - Frigate Essex capture British brig Brothers
1861 - Construction of USS Monitor authorized
1861 - First manned ascent in a balloon from a ship, gunboat USS Fanny, to observe Confederate artillery position at Hampton Roads, VA
1942 - Mildred McAffee (Horton) becomes the first woman officer commissioned into Naval Reserve.
1950 - First Marine Corps aviation mission against North Korea by VMF-214, from USS Sicily
1950 - First helicopter evacuation in Korea by VMO-6
1958 - USS Nautilus (SSN-571) is first ship to reach the geographic North Pole submerged.
1970 - USS James Madison (SSBN-627) conducts first submerged launching of Poseidon nuclear missile off Cape Kennedy
1846 - Sailors and Marines from USS Congress capture Santa Barbara
1858 - First trans-Atlantic cable completed by USS Niagara and British ship Agamemnon
1944 - Fifth Fleet carrier task forces begin air attack against Iwo Jima and the Bonin Islands
1947 - Birthdate of the Medical Service Corps
1964 - The Navy and national intelligence sources report a North Venamese PT boat attack on USS Turner Joy and USS Maddox in the Tokin Gulf prompting Congress to pass the Tonkin Gulf Resolution on 7 August 1964. The attack was later disproven.
1832 - Frigate Potomac is first U.S. Navy ship to entertain royalty, King and Queen of Sandwich Islands, Honolulu
1864 - RADM David Farragut wins Battle of Mobile Bay, sealing off last Confederate port on Gulf Coast
1882 - Authorizing of first steel warships, beginning of the modern Navy.
1915 - First air spotting for shore batteries at Fort Monroe, VA
1921 - Yangtze River Patrol Force established as command under Asiatic Fleet.
1953 - Exchange of prisoners of war of Korean Conflict (Operation Big Switch) begins
1967 - Operation Coronado III begins in Rung Sat Zone, Vietnam
1990 - Navy and Marine Task Force (USS Saipan, USS Ponce, and USS Sumter) begin evacuation of U.S. citizens and foreign nationals from Liberia during civil war.
1862 - CSS Arkansas destroyed by her commanding officer to prevent capture by USS Essex.
1943 - Battle of Vella Gulf begins. US destroyers sink 3 of 4 Japanese destroyers.
1945 - Atomic bomb detonated over Hiroshima, Japan. Navy weaponeer, Captain W.S. Parsons, USN, armed the atomic bomb on the B-29 bomber, Enola Gay.
1990 - President George Bush orders Operation Desert Shield, largest overseas deployment since Vietnam, to protect Saudi Arabia after Iraqi's invasion of Kuwait.
1997 - Naval Forces on Guam help rescue and begin providing medical care to survivors of Korean Airlines Flight 801 that crashed on Guam.
1782 - Badge of Military Merit (Purple Heart) established
1942 - Navy Amphibious Task Force lands Marines on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands in first U.S. land offensive of World War II
1964 - Gulf of Tonkin Resolution passed by Congress
1813- US Schooners Hamilton and Scourge founder in storm on Lake Ontario
1959 - Announcement of Project Teepee, electronic system to monitor 95 percent of earth's atmosphere for missile launchings or nuclear explosions. System developed by William Thaler, Office of Naval Research physicist.
1972 - Women authorized for sea duty as regular ship's company
1815 - CAPT Stephen Decatur concludes treaty for U.S. with Tripoli
1842 - Signing of Webster-Ashburton Treaty under which U.S. and Great Britain agreed to cooperate in suppressing the slave trade.
1865 - Return of Naval Academy to Annapolis after 4 years at Newport, RI
1919 - Construction of rigid airship ZR-1 (Shenandoah) authorized
1941 - Atlantic Charter Conference is first meeting between President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill
1942 - Battle of Savo Island begins; First of many sea battles near Guadalcanal
1945 - Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. Navy weaponeer arms the atomic bomb.
1949 - First use of pilot-ejection seat for emergency escape in U.S. made by LT Jack I. Fruin of VF-171 near Walterboro, SC
1916 - First Naval aircraft production contract, for N-9s
1921 - General Order establishes the Bureau of Aeronautics under RADM William Moffett
1944 - Guam secured by U.S. forces.
1964 - Signing of Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which is used as the starting point of the Vietnam Conflict
1812 - USS Constitution captures and destroys brig Lady Warren
1877 - Professor Asaph Hall of Naval Observatory discovers first of two satellites of Mars. He found the second one within a week.
1921 - Carrier arresting gear first tested at Hampton Roads.
1960 - USNS Longview, using Navy helicopters and frogmen, recovers a Discover satellite capsule after 17 orbits. This is first recovery of U.S. satellite from orbit.
1812 - USS Constitution captures and destroys brig Adeona
1918 - SECNAV approves acceptance of women as yeoman (F) in U.S. Navy
1942 - USS Cleveland (CL-55) demonstrates effectiveness of radio-proximity fuze (VT-fuze) against aircraft by successfully destroying 3 drones with proximity bursts fired by her five inch guns.
1944 - LT Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., USNR, the older brother of John F. Kennedy, was killed with his co-pilot in a mid-air explosion after taking off from England in a PB4Y from Special Attack Unit One (SAU-1). Following manual takeoff, they were supposed to parachute out over the English Channel while the radio-controlled explosive filled drone proceeded to attack a German V-2 missile-launching site. Possible causes include faulty wiring or FM signals from a nearby transmitter.
1957 - In first test of Automatic Carrier Landing System, LCDR Don Walker is landed on USS Antietam.
1958 - USS Nautilus (SSN-571) arrives Portland, England completing first submerged under ice cruise from Pacific to Atlantic Oceans.
1777 - American explosive device made by David Bushnell explodes near British vessel off New London, CT.
1846 - Joint expedition led by CDR Robert Stockton seizes Los Angeles, CA
1870 - Armed tug Palos becomes first U.S. Navy ship to transit Suez Canal
1813 - HMS Pelican captures USS Argus
1886 - SECNAV establishes Naval Gun Factory at Washington Navy Yard
1945 - Japan agrees to surrender; last Japanese ships sunk during World War II (15 August in DC)
1845 - U.S. Naval Academy established at Annapolis, MD on former site of Fort Severn.
1895 - Commissioning of Texas, the first American steel-hulled battleship. Texas served off Cuba during the Spanish-American War and took part in the naval battle of Santiago. Under the name of San Marcos, she was sunk in weapon effects tests in Chesapeake Bay in 1911. Her hulk continued in use as a gunnery target through World War II.
1908 - First Navy post offices established in Navy ships
1944 - Operation Dragoon, Allied invasion of Southern France
1953 - First naval officer appointed Chairman, Joints Chiefs of Staff, Admiral William Radford. He served from 15 August 1953 until 15 August 1957.
1958 - USS Lexington (CVA-16) arrives in vicinity of Taiwan
1812 - USS Constitution recaptures American merchant brig Adeline
1954 - Beginning of Operation Passage to Freedom, transport of refugees from Haiphong to Saigon, Vietnam
1812 - Frigate President captures British schooner L'Adeline in North Atlantic
1942 - Submarines USS Nautilus and USS Argonaut land 222 Marines on Makin Island, first amphibious attack made from submarines
1959 - ADM Arleigh Burke reappointed CNO for 3rd 2 year term, serving longest term as CNO
1962 - Navy's first hydrofoil patrol craft, USS High Point (PCH-1) launched at Seattle, WA
1838 - Exploring Expedition under LT Charles Wilkes embarks on world cruise.
1911 - First Navy Nurse Corps superintendent, Esther Voorhees Hasson, appointed
1965 - First major amphibious assault in Vietnam, Operation Starlight captures 2,000 Viet Cong
1966 - First ship-to-shore satellite radio message sent from USS Annapolis in South China Sea to Pacific Fleet Headquarters at Pearl Harbor
1974 - After flooding in Philippines, Navy helicopters begin 6 days of operations to rescue people and bring supplies (244 flights)
1812 - USS Constitution captures HMS Guerriere.
1812- Devastating hurricane struck the Navy's New Orleans station, delaying military preparations in the War of 1812
1818 - CAPT James Biddle takes possession of Oregon Territory for U.S.
1967 - Operation Coronado IV begins in Mekong Delta
1981 - 2 VF-41 aircraft from USS Nimitz shoot down 2 Libyan aircraft which fired on them over international waters
1952 - In interservice air operation at Chang Pyong-ni, Korea, U.S. Navy, Marine and Air Force aircraft destroy 80 percent of assigned area.
1959 - USS Thetis Bay (LPH-6) completes 6-day humanitarian operation after floods in Taiwan.
1969 - Navy Seabees and sailors from Helicopter Training Squadron Eight (HT-8) evacuated 820 people from Pass Christian, MS after Hurricane Camille.
1800 - U.S. Marine Corps Band gave its first concert in Washington, D.C.
1883 - Installation of the first electric lighting on a US Navy Ship completed on USS Trenton.
1920 - Radio station built by U.S. Navy and French Government transmits first wireless message heard around the world. At time it was the most powerful radio station in the world.
1951 - First contract for nuclear-powered submarine awarded.
1965 - Launch of Gemini 5, piloted by LCDR Charles Conrad Jr., USN, who completed 120 orbits in almost 8 days at an altitude of 349.8 km. Recovery was by helicopter from USS Lake Champlain (CVS-39).
1980 - USS Truxtun rescues 42 Vietnamese refugees and USS Merrill rescues 62 Vietnamese refugees, over 200 miles southeast of Saigon
1912 - Birthday of Dental Corps
1945 - First surrender of Japanese garrison at end of World War II; USS Levy receives surrender of Mille Atoll in Marshall Islands
1980 - USS Passumpsic rescues 28 Vietnamese refugees
1864 - RADM David Farragut's squadron captures Fort Morgan at Mobile Bay winning control of Mobile Bay
1958 - Massive concentration of Pacific Fleet in Quemoy-Matsu area prevents invasion of islands by China.
1958 - In Taiwan Straits Crisis, Units of 7th Fleet move into Taiwan area to support Taiwan against Chinese Communists.
1963 - The first satellite communications ship, USNS Kingsport (T-AG-164) in Lagos, Nigeria, connected President John F. Kennedy with Nigerian Prime Minister Balewa who was aboard for the first satellite (Syncom II) relayed telephone conversation between heads of state.
1814 - British invasion of Maryland and Washington, D.C.; Washington Navy Yard and ships burned to prevent capture by the British
1912 - Launching of USS Jupiter, first electrically propelled Navy ship
1942 - U.S. carrier aircraft begin 2-day Battle of Eastern Solomons where Japanese task force defeated and one Japanese carrier sunk. Japanese recall expedition to recapture Guadalcanal.
1960 - USS Bexar (APA-237) deploys to Pangahan Province in response to emergency request for aid from the Province's governor.
1843 - Steam frigate Missouri arrives at Gibralter completing first Trans-Atlantic crossing by U.S. steam powered ship.
1942 - Five Navy nurses who became POWs on Guam repatriated .
1951 - 23 fighters from USS Essex (CV-9) escort Air Force heavy bombers attacking Najin, Korea since target was beyond range of land-based fighters.
1775 - Rhode Island Resolve: Rhode Island delegates to Continental Congress press for creation of Continental Navy to protect the colonies
1839 - Brig Washington seizes Spanish slaver, Amistad near Montauk Point, NY
1861 - Union amphibious force lands near Hatteras, NC
1865 - Civil War ends with Naval strength over 58,500 men and 600 ships
1917 - Squadron of minesweepers departs U.S. for service off France
1944 - USS Stingray (SS-186) lands men and supplies on Luzon, Philippines to support guerilla operations against the Japanese.
1945 - Pacific Fleet ships enter Sagami Bay, near Tokyo, Japan.
1959 - Off Cape Canaveral, FL, USS Observation Island (EAG-154) makes first shipboard launching of a Polaris missile.
1867 - Captain William Reynolds of Lackawanna raises U.S. flag over Midway Island and took formal possession of these islands for the U.S.
1942 - 120 women, commissioned directly as ENS or LTJG, reported to "USS Northampton," Smith College for training.
1952 - Units on USS Boxer (CV-21) launch explosive-filled drone which explodes against railroad bridge near Hungnam, Korea. First guided missile launched from ship during Korean Conflict.
1965 - CDR Scott Carpenter and 9 aquanauts enter SeaLab II, 205 ft. below Southern California's waters to conduct underwater living and working tests
1991 - A helicopter from USS America (CV-66) rescues 3 civilian sailors who spent 10 days in a lifeboat 80 miles off Capt May, NJ after their sailboat capsized.
1992 - Navy and Marine forces begin providing disaster relief after Typhoon Omar hit Guam
1992 - Marines and Army forces begin providing disaster relief in Florida after Hurricane Andrew.
1861 - U.S. squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, NC
1862 - Union gunboat Pittsburgh support Army troops in landing at Eunice, Arkansas
1915 - Navy salvage divers raise F-4, first U.S. submarine sunk in accident
1916 - Congress passes act for expansion of Navy but most ships not completed until after World War I.
1964 - USS Boxer and 2 LSDs arrive off coast of Hispaniola to give medical aid to Haiti and Dominican Republic which were badly damaged by Hurricane Cleo.
1913 - Navy tests Sperry gyroscopic stabilizer (automatic pilot)
1929 - Near New London, CT, 26 officers and men test Momsen lung to exit submerged USS S-4
1961 - Two Cuban frigates fire on a Naval Reserve aircraft on a training mission over international waters
1842 - Congress replaces the Board of Navy Commissioners, a group of senior officer who oversaw naval technical affairs, with the five technical Bureaus, ancestors of the Systems Commands. One of the 1842 Bureau, the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, continues to serve under its original name.
1943 - Commissioning of USS Harmon (DE-678), first Navy ship named for an African American Sailor.
1944 - Carrier task group begins 3-day attack on Iwo Jima and Bonin Islands
1962 - Last flight of Navy airship made at NAS Lakehurst, NJ
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