Navy Traditions and Customs
"Abbreviations"-U.S. Navy Dictionary-1984. Washington: Defense Contractors' Publishing Company, 1984. OCLC 11176480 and 1986 edition is 14272799.
Malin, Charles A. Draft of Abbreviations Used for Navy Enlisted Ratings. Washington, DC: Bureau of Naval Personnel (Pers-A31), 1970.
US Navy. Office of Naval Records and History. Glossary of U.S. Naval Abbreviations. 5th ed. Washington, 1949. OCLC 07242799.
Wedertz, Bill ed. Dictionary of Naval Abbreviations 3d ed. Annapolis MD: Naval Institute Press, 1984. OCLC 10949440.