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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
805 Kidder Breese SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060
maximum normal takeoff: 155,000 pounds
Wing span: 133 feet
Length: 98-106 feet
Height: 38 feet
Weight: empty: 75,331 pounds
maximum overload takeoff: 175,000 pounds
Speed: maximum cruise: 374 mph
economical cruise: 345 mph
Ceiling: 33,000 feet
Range: with maximum payload and allowance for 30 minutes
at sea level: 2,046 nautical miles
with maximum fuel and 20,000 pound payload: 4,460
Power plant: four Allison T56-A-15 turboprop engines
eight JATO (Jet-Assisted Takeoff) units can also be carried
Standard Aircraft Characteristics Chart
for an C-130 (includes 3-view drawings)(download in Adobe's
.pdf)The C-130 Hercules first entered naval service in 1960 when
four LC-130F's were obtained for Antarctic support missions. These
ski-equipped Hercules were soon followed by 46 KC-130F models
procured by the Marine Corps in 1962 for the dual role of assault
transport and aerial tanker for fighter and attack aircraft. That
same year the Navy obtained seven C-130F's without inflight refueling
equipment to serve its transport requirements. The Hercules, initially
designed to specifications laid down by the USAF Tactical Air
Command, first flew as the YC-130 in August 1954. The KC-130F
made its first test flight in January 1960 as the GV-1 under the
old Navy designation system. The tanker version can refuel two
aircraft simultaneously from the 3,600 gallons in its cargo compartment.
The fuel is routed to two detachable pylon pods located below
the outer wing, containing refueling gear.
The C-130F, identical to the tanker, less refueling equipment,
can transport cargo or personnel and deliver its load by either
the normal method or by airdrop. An integral cargo ramp/door and
removable roller tracks facilitate the handling of palletized
loads. In its passenger-carrying role the Hercules can accommodate
92 combat troops or 64 paratroops with equipment. For medical
evacuation, 74 litters may be rigged in the cargo area.
In 1965 the Navy procured a number of C-130G's to provide
support to Polaris submarines and the exchange of their crews.
Essentially the same as the F model, these aircraft have increased
structural strength, allowing higher gross weight operation. All
models feature crew and cargo compartment pressurization, single-point
refueling and a Doppler navigation system.
One other model, the EC-130Q, served in two VQ squadrons.
This version had a permanently installed VLF radio transmitter
system used to supplement shorebased communications facilities
and acted as strategic communications aircraft, communicating
with ballistic-missile submarines, under the TACAMO program.
The Hercules also flies with the Coast Guard as the HC-130B,
performing air-sea rescue. In addition, C-130's are used by more
than 50 foreign countries.
The Hercules probably is the most versatile tactical transport
aircraft ever built. Its uses appear almost limitless: transportation,
electronic surveillance, search and rescue, space-capsule recovery,
helicopter refueling, landing (with skis) on snow and ice, gun
ship and special cargo delivery. It has even landed and taken
off from a carrier deck without benefit of arresting gear or catapults.
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15 November 2000