Nurses and the U.S. Navy, 1917-1919
Red Cross and Army Nurses' Uniforms



During the First World War, the American Red Cross served as a nursing reserve for the U.S. Army and Navy and maintained its own extensive presence in the War Zone. Red Cross nurses' uniforms were also worn, with appropriate changes of insignia, by nurses of both the armed services and provided the initial patterns for the new outdoor uniforms adopted by the Army and Navy.

This page features views of Red Cross and Army Nurses' uniforms during the World War I era.

Additional photographs Nurses and the U.S. Navy, 1917-1919 - Navy Nurses' Uniforms.

Additional pictorial, Nurses and the U.S. Navy - Overview & Special Image Selection.


Click photograph for a larger image.

Photo #: NH 52964

World War I U.S. Army Nurse's Outdoor Uniform


The Army Nurse wears the caduceus, the winged staff and serpents of the Medical Corps, with the letters "U.S.", on her outdoor uniform. If she entered the Army Nurse Corps from the Red Cross Reserve for that Corps, she is permitted to retain the red cross insignia on her service cap.
Photographed by Joel Feder.

Courtesy of the Nursing Division, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, September 1962.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 57KB; 590 x 765

 
Photo #: 80-G-178338

World War I Nurse's Uniform


The famous red-lined cape of dark blue, worn by the Red Cross nurse with the red lining exposed over one shoulder.
Photographed by Joel Feder.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, National Archives.

Online Image: 56KB; 590 x 765

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 
Photo #: 80-G-180181

World War I Red Cross Nurse's Uniform


Halftone photograph, showing ward uniform with Red Cross brassard, cap insignia and pin.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, National Archives.

Online Image: 124KB; 415 x 765

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 
Photo #: 80-G-178334

World War I Nurse's Ward Uniform


Grey cotton crepe uniforms were made necessary by the laundry problem in France. The American Red Cross brassard was worn only by those nurses serving directly under the Red Cross.
This Red Cross nurse is holding a booklet entitled "America Needs You".
Photographed by Joel Feder.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, National Archives.

Online Image: 78KB; 585 x 765

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 
Photo #: NH 52963

War Nurse Uniform


During World War I, in the operating room and in dressing work in the hospital wards, the War Nurse wore this white utility apron. It was a most unromantic apron, adopted to simplify the ever-present French laundry problem, but it was a badge of service coveted by thousands of untrained women.
Photographed by Joel Feder.

Courtesy of the Nursing Division, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, September 1962.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 84KB; 595 x 765

 
Photo #: 80-G-178336

World War I Nurse's Uniform


Stormy weather attire, which was the same for Army, Navy and Red Cross nurses, except for insignia. The American Red Cross arm patch seen here was worn only by nurses serving directly under the Red Cross.
Photographed by Joel Feder.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, National Archives.

Online Image: 60KB; 580 x 765

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 
Photo #: 80-G-178337

World War I Nurse's Uniform


Rubber boots and southwesters were an essential part of the equipment of every nurse serving in Europe.
Photographed by Joel Feder.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, National Archives.

Online Image: 59KB; 575 x 765

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 
Photo #: NH 52965

World War I Red Cross Public Nurse's Uniform


When she is at work in her district, the Red Cross Public Nurse wears the practical gray cotton crepe working uniform, with regulation hat and cape.
Photographed by Joel Feder.

Courtesy of the Nursing Division, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, September 1962.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 76KB; 590 x 765

 
Photo #: NH 52966

World War I Red Cross Nurse's Uniform


Gray summer outdoor uniform, with white American Red Cross brassard.
Photographed by Joel Feder.

Courtesy of the Nursing Division, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, September 1962.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 78KB; 590 x 765

 


For higher resolution images see: Obtaining Photographic Reproductions





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