U.S. Naval Base Hospital Number 5, Brest, France, World War I



The U.S. Naval Base Hospital Number 5 located at Brest, France was one of five Naval Hospitals in European Theatre during World War I. Organized in September of 1917 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania under the direction of Commander Robert G. Leconte, MC, USNRF and Commander J.E. Talley, MC, USNRF, the hospital was established overseas in December and was the first to begin operations abroad. Captain Holton C. Curl, MC, USN commanded the hospital while Commander Leconte also acted in a liaison capacity with the French and traveled to hospitals in France and Belgium. Alice M. Garrett was the chief nurse, who also had prior service with the American Red Cross.

Strategically located at the city’s port, the hospital was where many of the Armed Expeditionary Forces were disembarked and from which many wounded men recuperated until being sent home due to combat related injuries. Base Hospital Number 5 was originally a Carmelite convent, and the building was lacking in plumbing and sanitary fixtures. Upon the completion of improvements to the facility, the hospital was able to accommodate 500 beds. During the war period, the average amount of Navy and Marine patients was 400 until the Influenza Epidemic of 1918 when the highest number of patients in the hospital reached more than 800. For the time period of November 1917 to November 1918, 681 surgical patients were treated with a mortality rate of 2.05 percent. The hospital remained operational until March 1919.

This page features selected images of U.S. Naval Base Hospital Number 5, Brest, France.


Click photograph for a larger image.

Photo #: NH 106812

U.S. Navy Base Hospital 5, Brest, France


Servicemen wait outside the hospital during World War I. Base Hospital Number 5 was converted from a Carmelite convent.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 106KB; 450 x 765

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 
Photo #: NH 106813

U.S. Navy Base Hospital 5, Brest, France


Villla Marie, Nurse's Quarters during World War I, 1918. The chief nurse was Alice M. Garrett, a veteran of the American Red Cross Nursing Service.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 128KB; 740 x 555

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 
Photo #: NH 106814

U.S. Navy Base Hospital 5, Brest, France


U.S. Navy Nurses pose with sailors in the courtyard entrance. Sailors are possibly Hospital Corpsmen who served in various sick-bays and dispensaries in the region.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 93KB; 740 x 490

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 
Photo #: NH 106815

U.S. Navy Base Hospital 5, Brest, France


U.S. Navy Nurses rest along the seashore in 1918.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 102KB; 740 x 585

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 
Photo #: NH 106816

U.S. Navy Base Hospital 5, Brest, France


Ward scene inside the hospital. It had the capacity for 500 beds.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 79KB; 740 x 440

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 
Photo #: NH 106817

U.S. Navy Base Hospital 5, Brest, France


Ward scene inside the hospital. The nurses pictured with the armbands are Red Cross nurses. Photographed in 1918.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 93KB; 740 x 560

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 
Photo #: NH 106818

U.S. Navy Base Hospital 5, Brest, France


U.S. Nurses and Naval Officers have a Sunday picnic near St. Anns Malick, 1918.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 112KB; 740 x 445

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 
Photo #: NH 106819

U.S. Navy Base Hospital 5, Brest, France.


Hospital train arrives at the front of the hospital, 1918. Located the city's port, many of the Armed Expedition Forces arrived and departed using this mode of transportation.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 102KB; 740 x 445

Reproductions may be available through the National Archives

 


For higher resolution images see: Obtaining Photographic Reproductions





About Us | Privacy Policy | Webmaster | FOIA request | Navy.mil | This is a US Navy website