PEOPLE--UNITED STATES

General David M. Shoup, USMC (Retired), (1904-1983)

David Monroe Shoup was born on 30 December 1904 in Battle Ground, Indiana. Graduating from DePauw University in Indiana, he was appointed a Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps from that state in July 1926. Completing the Basic School at Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania, he was assigned to various Marine Barracks until reporting to the Marine Detachment on board USS Maryland in June 1929. After a brief assignment at the San Diego Marine Barracks, he was transferred to the Puget Sound Navy Yard at Bremerton, Washington in May 1932 and promoted to First Lieutenant a month later. While at this duty station, he had temporary duty with the Civilian Conservation Corps until serving abroad in China with the Fourth Marines in November 1934. Returning to Puget Sound in June 1936, he was promoted to Captain in the fall.

Following instructor duty at the Marine Corps School at Quantico, Virginia in June 1940, Shoup was assigned to the Sixth Marines at San Diego, California. In April 1941, he was promoted to Major and departed a month later to Iceland with the First Marine Brigade. After commanding Second Battalion, Sixth Marines, he transferred to the Second Marine Division in June 1942. In August 1942, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and departed to the Pacific war zone, serving as an observer at the Guadalcanal and the New Georgia campaigns. Promoted to Colonel in November 1943, Shoup commanded all the Marine Corps troops landing on Betio Island at the Battle of Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands. Wounded in the leg upon landing on 20 November, he fearlessly led his troops for two days under constant enemy fire and was largely responsible for the enemy's defeat. For his "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" on this occasion, he was awarded the Medal of Honor. In December 1943, he became Chief of Staff of Second Division, participating at the Battles of Saipan and Tinian.

Completing duty at Marine Headquarters in June 1947, Shoup served as Commanding Officer, Service Command, Fleet Marine Force. In June 1949, he had staff duty with the First Marine Division at Camp Pendleton, San Diego and commanded the Basic School at Quantico a year later. Returning to Marine Headquarters in April 1952, Shoup was the Assistant Fiscal Director. Promoted to Brigadier General in April 1953, he assumed duties as the Fiscal Director of the Marine Corps three months later. In September, 1955, he was promoted to Major General and was the Inspector General of the Marine Corps the following year. In June 1957, he became the Commanding General of First Marine Division at Camp Pendleton and transferred in March 1958 to command Third Marine Division. Two years later, he served as Commanding General of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot at Parris Island until returning to staff duty back at Marine Headquarters. In November 1959, he was promoted to Lieutenant General. In January 1960, Shoup was promoted to General and became the Twenty-Second Commandant of the Marine Corps, serving on the Joint Chiefs of Staff until his retirement in 1963. David M. Shoup died on 13 January 1983 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia.

This page features the only images we have concerning David M. Shoup.

Photo #: NH 106457

Colonel David M. Shoup, USMC


Halftone reproduction of a photograph, copied from the official publication "Medal of Honor, 1861-1949, The Navy", page 259.
David M. Shoup was awarded the Medal of Honor for "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity" while serving as Commanding Officer of all Marine Corps troops in action against the Japanese on Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, 20-22 November 1943.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 57KB; 580 x 765 pixels

 
Photo #: USN 1063931

General David M. Shoup, USMC


Photographed while serving as the Twenty-Second Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps, 1 January 1960.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, National Archives collection

Online Image: 58KB; 580 x 765 pixels

Reproductions may also be available at National Archives.

 
Photo #: NH 106461

Senior Defense Department Officials


Photographed in January 1960, left to right:
General Thomas D. White, USAF,
Chief of Staff;
Mr. Dudley C. Sharp
Secretary of the Air Force;
General George H. Decker, USA,
Chief of Staff;
Mr. William M. Brucker,
Secretary of the Army;
Mr. James H. Douglas,
Deputy Defense Secretary;
Mr. Thomas S. Gates;
Secretary of Defense:
Mr. William B. Franke,
Secretary of the Navy;
Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, USN;
Chief of Naval Operations;
General Lyman Lemnitzer, USA,
Chief of Staff;
General David M. Shoup, USMC,
Commandant of the Marine Corps; and
Mr. John H. Rubel,
Assistant Secretary of the Air Force

Donation of Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, USN, (Retired).

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 64KB; 740 x 440 pixels

 
Photo #: NH 106462-KN (Color)

Joint Chiefs of Staff


Photographed circa early 1960s, left to right:
unidentified civilian;
General David M. Shoup, USMC,
Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps;
General Thomas D. White, USAF,
Chief of Staff;
Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, USN,
Chief of Naval Operations;
General Lyman Lemnitzer, USA,
Chief of Staff;
General Nathan Twining, USAF,
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff;
and
unidentified civilian

Donation of Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, USN, (Retired).

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 74KB; 740 x 580 pixels

 
Photo #: NH 106460

Joint Chiefs of Staff


Photographed in January 1960, left to right:
General Lyman Lemintzer, USA,
Chief of Staff;
Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, USN
Chief of National Operations,
General Nathan Twining, USAF,
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
General Thomas D. White, USAF,
Chief of Staff, and
General David M. Shoup, USN,
Commandant of the Marine Corps

Donation of Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, USN, (Retired).

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 51KB; 740 x 580 pixels

 
Photo #: NH 106458

United States Capitol


Secretary of the Navy, William B. Franke, (fourth from right); Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, USN, Chief of Naval Operations, (second from left); and General David M. Shoup, USMC, Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps (right of Admiral Burke) gather for "Testimony on the Hill", 5 February 1960.
The photographs were forwarded to Admiral Burke by Senator Henry S. Bridges, Republican from New Hampshire.

Donation of Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, USN, (Retired).

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 66KB; 740 x 580 pixels

 
Photo #: USN 1047895

The Joint Chiefs of Staff


In session at the Pentagon, 10 February 1960. They are (from left to right):
General Lyman Lemnitzer, Chief of Staff, U.S. Army;
Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, Chief of Naval Operations;
General Nathan Twining, USAF, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff;
General Thomas D. White, Chief of Staff, U.S. Air Force; and
General David M. Shoup, Commandant, U.S. Marine Corps.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, National Archives collection

Online Image: 70KB; 740 x 610 pixels

Reproductions may also be available at National Archives.

 
Photo #: NH 93679

Secretary of Defense Robert S. MacNamara


Meets with his Assistant Secretaries of Defense, and the Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in the Pentagon, April 1961. Speaking at left is Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, USN. Next right is General David M. Shoup, USMC. Mr. Paul Nitze (Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs) is in the light suit (center).
Next four men are:
General Thomas D. White, USA,
Chief of Staff;
Secretary of Defense MacNamara;
General Lyman Leminitzer, USA,
Chief of Staff;
and
General Earl G. Wheeler, USA,
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Donation of Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, USN, (Retired).

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph

Online Image: 51KB; 740 x 505 pixels

 
Photo #: K-26523 (Color)

Joint Chiefs of Staff


In session at the Pentagon, 13 November 1961.
left to right:
Admiral George C. Anderson, Jr., USN,
Chief of Naval Operations;
General George Decker, USA,
Chief of Staff;
General Lyman Lemnitzer, USA,
Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff;
General Curtis Lemay, USAF,
Chief of Staff; and
General David Shoup, USMC,
Commandant of the Marine Corps

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, National Archives collection

Online Image: 65KB; 740 x 580 pixels

Reproductions may also be available at National Archives.

 
Photo #: USMC A409002

Lieutenant General Alexander A. Vandegrift, USMC

and
Colonel David M. Shoup, USMC

Both Medal of Honor recipients at lunch sometime in 1943.
Note: Print made from a copy negative; crops marks to original print.

U.S. Marine Corps Photograph

Online Image: 48KB; 740 x 555 pixels

Reproductions may be available at National Archives.

 


Medal of Honor citation of Colonel David Monroe Shoup, USMC (as printed in the official publication "Medal of Honor, 1861-1949, The Navy", page 259):

"For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Commanding Officer of all Marine Corps troops in action against enemy Japanese forces on Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, from 20 to 22 November, 1943. Although severely shocked by an exploding enemy shell soon after landing at the pier, and suffering from a serious, painful leg wound which had become infected, Colonel Shoup fearlessly exposed himself to the terrific and relentless artillery, machine-gun and rifle fire from hostile shore emplacements. Rallying his hesitant troops by his own inspiring heroism, he gallantly led them across the fringing reefs to charge the heavily fortified island and reinforce our hard-pressed, thinly held lines. Upon arrival on shore, he assumed command of all landed troops and, working with-out rest under constant, withering enemy fire during the next 2 days, conducted smashing attacks against unbelievably strong and fanatically defended Japanese positions despite innumerable obstacles and heavy casualties. By his brilliant leadership, daring tactics and selfless devotion to duty, Colonel Shoup was largely responsible for the final decisive defeat of the enemy, and his indomitable fighting spirit reflects great credit upon the United States Naval Service. "


For higher resolution images see: Obtaining Photographic Reproductions

To the best of our knowledge, the pictures referenced here are all in the Public Domain, and can therefore be freely downloaded and used for any purpose.





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