Brigadier General George C. Reid, USMC, (Retired), (1876-1961)

George Croghan Reid was born on 9 December 1876 in Lorain, Ohio. In May 1898, he was appointed from that same state to the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve and served as a Second Lieutenant during the Spanish-American War. Briefly discharged in February 1899, he returned to the U.S. Marine Corps in April and was commissioned a First Lieutenant, receiving orders to the Marine Barracks at Cavite, Philippines. In June 1900, he participated in the China Relief Expedition and was promoted to Captain the next month. That December, he served for a period of time on board the protected cruiser Albany then reported back to the Marine Barracks at Cavite. In the Fall of 1902, he was assigned to the Marine Barracks at League Island, Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania. After Special Duty with the North Atlantic Fleet, he reported overseas to Panama in February 1903 and was based at Camp Elliott in the Panama Canal Zone.

Reid returned to the Philippines in December 1905 and served with the Marine Barracks and the First Brigade. While in the Philippines, he was promoted to Major in January 1909. That October, he received orders to the Marine Barracks at Norfolk Navy Yard, Virginia, and transferred two years later to the Marine Barracks at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania. In March 1914, he was assigned to the Marine Division on board USS Arkansas and participated in the intervention at Vera Cruz, Mexico. On 21-22 April 1914, Reid skillfully and courageously directed his men while the enemy fired machine-guns and rifles at them from Cinco de Mayo and parallel streets. His leadership in this action resulted in a small loss to his battalion. For his "distinguished conduct in battle" on this occasion, he was awarded the Medal of Honor. In May 1916, he commanded the Marine Corps Rifle Range at Winthrop, Maryland, and was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in August. During World War I, he was temporarily promoted to Colonel in July 1918 and served with the Eight Marine Regiment at Galveston, Texas, transferring in the area to the Third Provisional Brigade Marines.

In September 1919, Reid relocated overseas to Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, where he served with the Second Provisional Brigade Marines. While at Santo Domingo, he was permanently promoted to Colonel in June 1920. Returning back to the United States, he attended the Naval War College at Newport, Rhode Island, and was ordered in July 1922 to Marine Barracks, New York Navy Yard, New York. After graduating in September 1925 from the Army War College in Washington D.C., he commanded the Marine Barracks at Naval Station, Guam. In June 1927, he reported as Officer in Charge, Recruiting Division, Chicago, Illinois. In September 1930, he retired and was placed on the retired list. During World War II, he was promoted to Brigadier General on the retired listed in February 1942. George C. Reid died on 19 February 1961 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia.

This page features all the images we have concerning George C. Reid.

Photo #: NH 54151

USS Chicago

Ship's Officers and Officers of the Squadron of Evolution on board in 1889.
Those present are identified in Photo # NH 54151 (complete caption).

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 241KB; 1200 x 990 pixels

Photo #: NH 52761

U.S. Marine Officers of the First Marine Battalion

The battalion is pictured at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, New Hampshire, Scavey's Island. They guarded Spanish Prisoners of War in 1898.

Seated left to right:
First Lieutenant James E. Mahoney, USMC;
Captain Herbert L. Draper, USMC;
Colonel Robert W. Hunnington, USMC;
Major Charles L. McCauley, USMC;
Lieutenant Colonel Francis H. Harrington, USMC;
Major William F. Spicer, USMC; and
Captain Wendell C. Neville, USMC

Standing left to right:
First Lieutenant George C. Reid, USMC;
Captain Charles G. Long, USMC;
First Lieutenant Edwin A. Jonas, USMC;
Lieutenant John M. Edgar, M.C., USN;
Second Lieutenant Newt H. Hall, USMC;
Captain Clarence L. A. Ingate, USMC;
Captain William N. McKelvy, USMC;
Major George F. Elliott, USMC;
First Lieutenant Smedley D. Butler, USMC;
Captain Philip M. Bannon, USMC;
Captain Melville J. Shaw, USMC

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 89KB; 740 x 580 pixels

Photo #: NH 52988

U.S. Marine Corps Officers during the Spanish-American War

Officers are pictured before a mess tent at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, circa 1898.
Officers are left to right:
Captain George F. Elliott, USMC;
Second Lieutenant George C. Reid, USMC;
Second Lieutenant Newton Hall, USMC;
Second Lieutenant Melville Shaw, USMC;
First Lieutenant Lewis C. Lucas, USMC;
Major Charles L. McCawley, USMC, Assistant Quartermaster; and
Second Lieutenant Albert McLemore, USMC
Photograph taken by Miss E. J. Trenchard. Note: The original caption was modified by Colonel Lewis C. Lucas, USMC, (Retired).

Donated by Mr. Edward Trenchard.

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 101KB; 740 x 600 pixels

Photo #: NH 53150

U.S. Navy General Board, circa 1900

The following personnel are left to right:
Lieutenant Henry H. Ward, USN;
Captain Charles H. Stockton, USN;
Captain French H. Chadwick, USN;
Lieutenant Commander Robert T. Milligan, USN;
Rear Admiral Henry C. Taylor, USN;
Rear Admiral Arent S. Crowninshield, USN;
Captain Asa Walker, USN;
Admiral George Dewey, USN;
Captain Charles E. Clark, USN;
Captain Charles D. Sigsbee, USN; and
Captain George C. Reid, USMC

U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

Online Image: 78KB; 740 x 560 pixels


Medal of Honor citation of Major George Croghan Reid, USMC (as printed in the official publication "Medal of Honor, 1861-1949, The Navy", page 101):

"For distinguished conduct in battle, engagements of Vera Cruz, 21 and 22 April 1914; was eminent and conspicuous in command of his battalion; was in the fighting of both days and exhibited courage and skill in leading his men through action. His cool judgment and courage and his skill in handling his men in encountering and overcoming the machine-gun and rifle fire down Cinco de Mayo and parallel streets account for the small percentage of the losses of marines under his command."

For higher resolution images see: Obtaining Photographic Reproductions

To the best of our knowledge, the pictures referenced here are all in the Public Domain, and can therefore be freely downloaded and used for any purpose.

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