Brigadier General Jesse F. Dyer, USMC, (Retired), (1877-1955)
Jesse Farley Dyer was born on 2 December 1877 in St. Paul, Minnesota. Appointed from that same state to the U.S. Marine Corps as a Second Lieutenant in June 1903, he reported to the Marine Barracks at Annapolis, Maryland. In March 1904, he was promoted to First Lieutenant and was assigned to the Marine Barracks at Cavite, Philippines. In the summer of 1905, he reported for sea duty on board USS Cincinnati. Two years later, he served at the Marine Barracks at the Washington Navy Yard, Washington, D.C., later transferring to the Marine Barracks at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. In December 1909, he was assigned to the Judge Advocate General's Office in Washington, D.C., where he was promoted to Captain in April 1911. In the Summer of 1913, he reported to Camp Elliott, Panama Canal Zone, Panama.
During the intervention at Vera Cruz, Mexico, Dyer served as a Company Commander. On 21-22 April 1914, he skillfully and courageously led his men at the head of his company against the enemy to ensure the capture of the city. For his "distinguished conduct in battle" on this occasion, he was awarded the Medal of Honor. That December, Dyer reported to First Brigade Marine at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. After returning for a tour at the Judge Advocate General in Washington, D.C., he was promoted to Major in March 1917. The following month, he reported to the Marine Battery in the Virgin Islands and became the Aide to the island's Governor. Two years later, Dyer received orders to the Marine Barracks at Quantico, Virginia, later transferring to the Marine Headquarters at Washington D.C. In September 1922, he served at the Service Schools at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. A year later, he reported for duty in Haiti with the First Brigade Marines. In February 1924, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. Returning the U.S., he served at the Marine Barracks at Parris Island, South Carolina.
In May 1927, Dyer was assigned to the Seventh Division, Third Brigade Marines at China. Following this tour, he became the Commandant of the Marine Barracks at the Washington Navy Yard. Remaining in the area, he attended the Army War College and continued his instruction at the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island. After graduating in August 1931, he was promoted to Colonel and became the Fleet Marine Officer for the Asiatic Fleet on board USS Houston then transferred to USS Augusta. In September 1934, Dyer returned to the Marine Barracks at Parris Island. While awaiting orders, he retired in September 1937 and was placed on the retired list. While on the retired list, he was promoted to Brigadier General in February 1942 due to prior combat experience. Jesse F. Dyer died on 31 March 1955 and is buried at Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery, San Diego, California.
This page features all the images we have concerning Jesse F. Dyer.
Medal of Honor citation of Captain Jesse Farley Dyer, USMC (as printed in the official publication "Medal of Honor, 1861-1949, The Navy", page 98):
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