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WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060
Online Library of Selected Images -- Picture Data
Photo #: NH 100348 (extended caption)
USS K-8 (Submarine # 39), in center
With two other submarines, at San Diego, California, circa 1915.
Two destroyers and two cruisers are visible in the distance.
Photo printed on a stereograph card, published by the Keystone
Donation of Louis Smaus, 1985
U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.
Online Image: 122KB; 625 x 675 pixels
A stereo pair version of this image is available as Photo
# NH 100348-A
Online Image of stereo pair: 84KB; 675
x 365 pixels
Note: See below for the text printed on the reverse
of the original stereo card, giving an immediate post-World War
I popular evaluation of submarine warfare..
Text printed on the reverse of the original stereo card,
probably written in about 1919.
"Submarines, Battleships and Torpedo Boats
in San Diego Bay"
"Among the many terrible things used for the first
time in the great World War, the airplanes and submarines attracted
the most notice. On February 4, 1915, the German government proclaimed
a war zone about the British Isles and declared its intention
of sinking without warning any enemy merchant ships found within
this zone. On May 1, 1915, the Lusitania was sunk. On
February 1, 1917, Germany began her 'ruthless submarine warfare'.
Immediately, friendly relations were broken off and on April
6, 1917, the United States declared war. At first it seemed as
if the Germans would win. Then it was found that the submarines
could be seen from airplanes directly above; also very swift
torpedo boats, destroyers, were able to drive them away. As a
matter of fact, not one U.S. transport was lost on its way to
Europe, and but three on the way home."
"The submarine is the weakest, most helpless of fighting
craft. It cannot fight under the rules of warfare laid down by
international law. Its only safety lies in swiftness and surprise.
All the great nations now have submarines. They are here to stay."
"A submarine may travel on the surface or under the
water. It has a system of engines for surface running and for
charging storage batteries. These storage batteries are the motive
power when submerged. Notice the tall periscopes. In each one
is a vertical system of lenses and prisms by which the observer
down below is able to see on every side. There is also a sound
detector which indicates the approach and motion of a ship."
Click on the small photograph to prompt
a larger view of the same image.
If you want higher resolution reproductions than this digital
image, see: "How
to Obtain Photographic Reproductions."
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22 November 2004