Pearl Harbor Raid, 7 December 1941
Marine Barracks during the Pearl Harbor Attack



Pearl Harbor's Marine Barracks, located just south of the Navy Yard's industrial area, was not a target of the Japanese attack. It received slight damage from falling anti-aircraft projectiles and only a few non-fatal casualties, but had a very close view of the destruction inflicted on the nearby warships.

Like the other personnel at Pearl Harbor, the Marines were completely taken by surprise when the Japanese onslaught began. However, they organized quickly. Some were posted on the Barrack's parade ground and sentry posts with their rifles and ammunition, ready to fire on passing planes. Reportedly, one plane was downed by this small arms fire. Machine guns and seven three-inch anti-aircraft guns with some associated fire control equipment, were broken out and emplaced. First aid parties were organized, for use inside the Barracks compound and at the Navy Yard, gathering casualties and transporting them to treatment facilities.

Other Marines, assigned to the Navy Yard Fire Department, worked hard to supress fires on and around ships and buildings at the Navy Yard and the nearby Naval Hospital. Marines were also sent to Hickam Army Air Field, located just to the south of the Barracks, to help with anti-aircraft defense and wreckage clearance. After the raiders had left, by 10AM, the Marines, along with Hawaii's Sailors, Soldiers and Airmen, stood ready through the day, and beyond, in case the enemy should return.

This page features views taken at the Marine Barracks during and soon after the 7 December 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

For images of, or related to, attacks on ships in and near the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard


Click photograph for larger image.

Photo #: NH 50926

Pearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941


View of the Parade Ground at the Pearl Harbor Marine Barracks, between 0930 and 1130 hrs. on 7 December 1941, with smoke in the background rising from burning ships.
Note Marine in foreground, possibly combing his hair. His M1903 "Springfield" rifle is on the ground beside him. Other armed Marines are also present, awaiting the possible return of Japanese aircraft.
This view forms the left section of a panorama, with Photo #s NH 50925 and NH 50927 to its right.

NHHC Photograph.

Online Image: 107KB; 740 x 545

 
Photo #: NH 50925

Pearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941


View of the Parade Ground at the Pearl Harbor Marine Barracks, between 0930 and 1130 hrs. on 7 December 1941, with smoke in the background rising from burning ships.
Note Marine standing at right, wearing a tropical helmet. He is holding a M1903 "Springfield" rifle.
This view forms the middle section of a panorama, with Photo #s NH 50926 and NH 50927 to its left and right.

NHHC Photograph.

Online Image: 79KB; 530 x 765

 
Photo #: NH 50927

Pearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941


View of the Parade Ground at the Pearl Harbor Marine Barracks, between 0930 and 1130 hrs. on 7 December 1941, with smoke in the background rising from burning ships.
Note armed Marines at left, awaiting the possible return of Japanese aircraft.
This view forms the right section of a panorama, with Photo #s NH 50926 and NH 50925 to its left.

NHHC Photograph.

Online Image: 76KB; 740 x 540

 
Photo #: NH 50928

Pearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941


View at the Pearl Harbor Marine Barracks, taken from the Parade Ground between 0930 and 1130 hrs. on 7 December 1941 looking toward "Battleship Row".
Smoke in the distance is from the burning USS Arizona (BB-39). Navy Yard water towers are in the left center, with flags flying from a signal station atop the middle one.
In the center of the view, Marines are deploying a three-inch anti-aircraft gun. Other Marines, armed with rifles, stand at the left.

NHHC Photograph.

Online Image: 78KB; 740 x 545

 
Photo #: NH 42316

Pearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941


View at the Pearl Harbor Marine Barracks, taken from the Parade Ground between 0930 and 1030 hrs. on 7 December 1941 looking toward "Battleship Row".
Smoke rising from the right distance is from the burning USS Arizona (BB-39). Navy Yard water towers are in the left center, with a signal station atop the middle one.
In the center of the view, Marines are deploying a three-inch anti-aircraft gun. A temporary wooden barracks building is at left.
Taken by a photographer from the Headquarters & Support Company, 2nd Engineer Battalion, Fleet Marine Force.

NHHC Photograph.

Online Image: 101KB; 740 x 580

 


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