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Photo # S-584-114: Preliminary Design Plan for a Battleship, 18 January 1917

Online Library of Selected Images -- Photo Albums

Bureau of Ships' "Spring Styles" Book # 1 (1911-1925) -- (Naval History and Heritage Command Lot # S-584) --
Battleship Preliminary Design Drawings

Seventy-two of the 211 design drawings in the 1911-1925 "Spring Styles" Book treat battleships. These plans cover development of all of the designs selected for construction during Fiscal Year 1912 through Fiscal Year 1919, from the Nevada (Battleship # 36) through the South Dakota (Battleship # 49) classes. (The ships of the South Dakota class were canceled prior to completion.) In addition, the drawings include several design concepts that did not result in approval for construction, often illustrating the implications of alternatives significantly different than those adopted for construction. Related drawings in the book that show battle cruiser and the so-called "torpedo battleship" designs are listed and described separately.

Text introducing this book's battleship plans is featured on the page "Introduction to the Battleship Preliminary Design Drawings".


This page features those 1911-1925 Bureau of Ships "Spring Styles" plans that concern battleships.

For general information on this album, see:

  • Bureau of Ships' "Spring Styles" Book # 1 (1911-1925) -- General Description.


    On the picture data sheets referenced from this page, click on the thumbnail image (small photograph) to prompt a larger view of the same image.

    If you want higher resolution reproductions than the "Online Library's" digital images, see: "How to Obtain Photographic Reproductions."


    The Battleship drawings included in this album are:

    -- The design selected for the New York class:

  • S-584-028: Battleships "B.S. 34 & 35". Plan dated 1 April 1913, representing the final design selected for the New York (Battleship # 34) class battleships.

    -- Seven proposed designs for the Nevada class:

  • S-584-001: "Proposed B.S. [Battleship] # 36" - Scheme "A". Plan dated 4 March 1911 for a 27,000 ton ship with a main battery of eight 14-inch guns in four twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Nevada (Battleship # 36) class battleships.
  • S-584-002: "Heavy Armor Type Battleship" - Scheme "G". Plan dated 4 March 1911 for 38,000 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 23 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Nevada (Battleship # 36) class battleships.
  • S-584-003: "Heavy Armor Type Battleship" - Scheme "E". Plan dated 8 March 1911 for a 32,800 ton ship with a main battery of eight 14-inch guns in four twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Nevada (Battleship # 36) class battleships.
  • S-584-004: "Heavy Armor Type Battleship" - Scheme "F". Plan dated 9 March 1911 for a 30,200 ton ship with a main battery of eight 14-inch guns in four twin turrets and a maximum speed of 19 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Nevada (Battleship # 36) class battleships.
  • S-584-005: "Proposed B. S. [Battleship] # 36" - Scheme "C". Plan dated 11 March 1911 for a 27,000 ton ship with a main battery of ten 14-inch guns in two twin and two triple turrets and a maximum speed of 20.5 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Nevada (Battleship # 36) class battleships.
  • S-584-006: "Proposed B. S. [Battleship] # 36" - Scheme "B". Plan dated 20 March 1911 for a 27,500 ton ship with a main battery of nine 14-inch guns in three triple turrets and a maximum speed of 20 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Nevada (Battleship # 36) class battleships.
  • S-584-007: "Proposed B. S. [Battleship] # 36" - Scheme "D". Plan dated 18 April 1911 for a 35,000 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 20 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Nevada (Battleship # 36) class battleships.

    --One technical study of ship damage probably related to Nevada class design development:

  • S-584-008: Untitled Drawing Showing Estimates of Battleship Stability under Selected Damage Conditions. Plan is undated but probably dates from about 1911 and shows what appears to be a Delaware (Battleship # 28) class battleship. The drawing shows the extent of change in trim resulting from flooding of underwater spaces forward under different circumstances. The plan may have been prepared to illustrate the effects of flooding of unarmored extremities at a time when the U.S. Navy was considering the so-called "all-or-nothing" protection concept, leaving extremities and upperworks unarmored. This plan may have been made to support the preliminary design of the Nevada (Battleship # 36) class battleships, which were designed on that "all-or-nothing" armoring concept.

    --The design selected for the Nevada class:

  • S-584-009: "Battleships Nos.36 and 37". Plan dated 13 November 1911 for a 27,500 ton ship with a main battery of ten 14-inch guns in two twin and two triple turrets and a maximum speed of 20.5 knots. This plan shows the final design selected for the Nevada (Battleship # 36) class battleships.

    --Six proposed designs for the Pennsylvania class:

  • S-584-010: "Proposed B. S. [Battleship] Nos. 38 & 39" - Scheme "G". Plan dated 14 February 1912 for a 31,300 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38) class battleships.
  • S-584-011: "Proposed B. S. [Battleship] Nos. 38 & 39" - Scheme "I". Plan dated 28 February 1912 for a 31,300 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 20.5 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38) class battleships.
  • S-584-012: "Proposed B. S. [Battleship] Nos. 38 & 39" - Scheme "J". Plan dated 28 February 1912 for a 30,100 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 20.5 knots. This plan represents a preliminary design for the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38) class battleships.
  • S-584-013: "Proposed B. S. [Battleship] Nos. 38 & 39" - Scheme "K". Plan dated 1 March 1912 for 30,800 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 20.5 knots. This plan represents a preliminary design for the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38) class battleships.
  • S-584-016: "Proposed B. S. [Battleship] Nos. 38 & 39" - Scheme "L". Plan dated 16 March 1912 for a 31,000 ton ship with a main battery of eight 15-inch guns in four twin turrets and a maximum speed of 20.5 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38) class battleships.
  • S-584-017: "Proposed B. S. [Battleship] Nos. 38 & 39" - Scheme "M". Plan dated 23 March 1912 for a 30,800 ton ship with a main battery of eight 15-inch guns in four twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38) class battleships.

    --Two data tables related to Pennsylvania class design studies:

  • S-584-014: "Data Relative to Schemes for Battleship 1913 Program." Untitled Tabular Data on Designs for Battleships for the Fiscal Year 1913 Shipbuilding Program. Plan dated 2 March 1912, providing tabular data concerning four alternative preliminary designs for the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38) class battleships.
  • S-584-015: Untitled Tabular Data on Designs for Battleships for the Fiscal Year 1913 Shipbuilding Program. Plan dated 11 March 1912, providing tabular data concerning four alternative preliminary designs for the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38) class battleships.

    --Two drawings of the design selected for the Pennsylvania class:

  • S-584-023: "Proposed B. S. [Battleship] 38". Plan dated 24 August 1912 for a 31,400 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a near final design for the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38) class battleships.
  • S-584-041: Battleship Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38). Preliminary Design No.102 dated 21 November 1913 for a 31,400 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented the final design selected for the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38) class battleships and is very similar to the preceding drawing for this ship (Photo # S-584-023).

    --One proposed design for a battleship incorporating several advanced concepts, a type not selected for construction:

  • S-584-018: "Proposed Battleship - "Possible". Plan dated 25 March 1912 for a 48,000 ton ship with a main battery of ten 16-inch guns in five twin turrets and a maximum speed of 22 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for a technically "possible" but radical new design concept for battleship construction, not selected for construction.

    --Three preliminary designs for a battleship, two having high speed, together with one apparently related, comparative design (in two slightly different formats) for a ship having typical contemporary speed, not selected for construction:

  • S-584-027: Proposed Battleship. Plan dated 14 February 1913 for a 50,000 ton ship with a main battery of eight 16-inch guns in four twin turrets and a maximum speed of 25 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for a fast battleship armed with 16-in. guns, a design not selected for construction.
  • S-584-029: Proposed Battleship. Plan dated 16 April 1913 for a 47,000 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 25 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for a fast battleship armed with 14-in. guns, a design not selected for construction.
  • S-584-030: Proposed Battleship. Plan dated 17 May 1913 for a 36,500 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 22 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for a battleship design concept not selected for construction.
  • S-584-030-A: Proposed Battleship. Plan dated 17 May 1913 for a 36,500 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 22 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for a battleship design concept not selected for construction. This drawing is the same as S-584-030 except that a weights table is summarized in nine categories rather than eleven.

    --Twelve proposed designs (one appearing in two formats) for the New Mexico class:

  • S-584-031: "Proposed Battleship # 40" - Design # 4. Plan dated 8 October 1913 for a 31,000 ton ship with a main battery of eight 16-inch guns in four twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships.
  • S-584-031-A: "Proposed Battleship # 40" - Design # 2. Plan dated 8 October 1913 for a 35,500 ton ship with a main battery of ten 16-inch guns in five twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships. Weight summary data are not provided for this design.
  • S-584-032: "Proposed Battleship # 40" - Design # 3. Plan dated 8 October 1913 for a 35,500 ton ship with a main battery of eight 16-inch guns in four twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships.
  • S-584-033: "Proposed Battleship # 40" - Design # 5. Plan dated 8 October 1913 for a 35,500 ton ship with a main battery of six 16-inch guns in three twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships.
  • S-584-034: "Proposed Battleship # 40" - Design # 6. Plan dated 10 October 1913 for a 31,000 ton ship with a main battery of six 16-inch guns in three twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships.
  • S-584-035: "Proposed Battleship # 40" - Design # 1. Plan dated 13 October 1913 for a 39,500 ton ship with a main battery of ten 16-inch guns and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships.
  • S-584-036: "Proposed Battleship # 40". Plan dated 24 October 1913 for a 31,400 ton ship with a main battery of eight 16-inch guns and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships, apparently a variant of Design # 4 (see Photo # S-584-031) modified to carry 6-inch rather than 5-inch secondary battery guns.
  • S-584-037: "Proposed Battleship # 40". Plan dated 29 October 1913 for a 34,300 ton ship with a main battery of eight 16-inch guns in four twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships, apparently a variant of the design with 6-inch secondary battery guns (see Photo # S-584-036) further modified by having heavier armor.
  • S-584-038: "Proposed Battleship # 40". Plan dated 3 November 1913 for a 29,500 ton ship with a main battery of eight 14-inch guns and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships, apparently a modified version of the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38, see Photo # S-584-041) with reduced main armament.
  • S-584-039: "Proposed Battleship # 40". Plan dated 10 November 1913 for a 36,000 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in independent sleeves and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships, apparently a modified version of the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38, see Photo # S-584-041) with thicker armor protection and a stronger secondary gun battery.
  • S-584-040: "Proposed Battleship # 40". Preliminary Design No.101 dated 19 November 1913 for a 33,200 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in independent sleeves and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships, apparently a modified version of the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38, see Photo # S-584-041) with increased armor protection.
  • S-584-042: "Proposed Battleship # 40". Preliminary Design No.103 dated 13 December 1913 for a 33,700 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in six twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships, apparently a modified version of the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38, see Photo # S-584-041) with increased armor protection.
  • S-584-043: "Proposed Battleship # 40". Preliminary Design No.104 dated 8 January 1914 for a 32,400 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships, apparently a modified version of the Pennsylvania (Battleship # 38, see Photo # S-584-041) with the main battery turret guns in three separate, independent sleeves, rather than in one common sleeve elevated and depressed together.

    --One drawing of the design selected for the New Mexico class:

  • S-584-044: "Proposed Battleship # 40". Preliminary Design No.105 dated 13 January 1914 for a 32,000 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented the final design selected for construction of the New Mexico (Battleship # 40) class battleships.

    --Two proposed designs for the Tennessee class:

  • S-584-047: "Battleship 1916". Preliminary Design No.109 dated 4 October 1914 for a 32,000 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns and a maximum speed of 20.5 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design of a battleship for construction in Fiscal Year 1916 that became the Tennessee (Battleship # 43) class battleships.
  • S-584-048: "Battleship 1916". Preliminary Design No.108 dated 28 October 1914 for a 31,400 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns and a maximum speed of 20.5 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design of a battleship for construction in Fiscal Year 1916 that became the Tennessee (Battleship # 43) class battleships.

    --Seven proposed designs for the Colorado class:

  • S-584-094: "Battleship 1916". Preliminary Design No.162 dated 20 March 1916 for a 32,600 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 14-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Colorado (Battleship # 45) class battleships that replicated in almost every respect the previous Tennessee (Battleship # 43) class.
  • S-584-095: "Battleship 1917". Preliminary Design No.163 dated 20 March 1916 for a 32,400 ton ship with a main battery of eight 16-inch guns in four twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented the preliminary design for the Colorado (Battleship # 45) class battleships that ultimately was selected for construction.
  • S-584-096: "Battleship 1917". Preliminary Design No.164 dated 20 March 1916 for a 33,200 ton ship with a main battery of ten 16-inch guns in two twin and two triple turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Colorado (Battleship # 45) class battleships.
  • S-584-097: "Battleship 1917". Preliminary Design No.165 dated 20 March 1916 for a 36,900 ton ship with a main battery of ten 16-inch guns in five twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Colorado (Battleship # 45) class battleships.
  • S-584-098: "Battleship 1917". Preliminary Design No.166 dated 20 March 1916 for a 35,800 ton ship with a main battery of ten 16-inch guns in five twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Colorado (Battleship # 45) class battleships.
  • S-584-099: "Battleship 1917". Preliminary Design No.167 dated 20 March 1916 for a 37,500 ton ship with a main battery of ten 16-inch guns in five twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Colorado (Battleship # 45) class battleships.
  • S-584-100: "Battleship 1917". Preliminary Design No.168 dated 20 March 1916 for a 36,900 tons ship with a main battery of ten 16-inch guns in five twin turrets and a maximum speed of 21 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the Colorado (Battleship # 45) class battleships.

    --Four proposed designs for the South Dakota class:

  • S-584-104: Preliminary Design Plan for a Battleship - "Scheme 1". Preliminary Design No.173 dated 11 December 1916 for a 41,500 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 23 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the South Dakota (Battleship # 49) class battleships.
  • S-584-105: Preliminary Design Plan for a Battleship - "Scheme 2". Preliminary Design No.173 dated 11 December 1916 for a 41,500 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 23 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the South Dakota (Battleship # 49) class battleships. This design differed from Scheme 1 in housing the secondary battery 5-inch guns in casemates rather than turrets.
  • S-584-106: Preliminary Design Plan for a Battleship - "Scheme 3". Preliminary Design No.173 dated 11 December 1916 for a 41,500 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 23 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the South Dakota (Battleship # 49) class battleships. This plan differed from Schemes 1 and 2 in providing an enlarged barbette for Turret II forward that also supported the ship's conning tower, as well as changes in the secondary battery.
  • S-584-114: Preliminary Design Plan for a Battleship. Preliminary Design No.173 dated 18 January 1917 for a 41,500 to 42,000 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 23 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for the South Dakota (Battleship # 49) class battleships. This plan differed from "Scheme 2" by modifications to the secondary battery and the trunking of four funnels into one.

    --One drawing of the design selected for the South Dakota class:

  • S-584-132: Preliminary Design for the 1919 Program Battleships. Plan dated 3 May 1918 for a 42,500 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns and a maximum speed of 23 knots. This plan represented the final design selected for the South Dakota (Battleship # 49) class battleships.

    --Six proposed designs for a "maximum" battleship requested by Senator Tillman:

  • S-584-107: "70,000 ton Battleship". Preliminary Design No.171 (1) dated 13 December 1916 for a 70,000 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 26.5 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for a hypothetical largest battleship capable of using the Panama Canal, prepared at the direction of the U.S. Congress.
  • S-584-108: "70,000 ton Battleship". Preliminary Design No.171 (2) dated 13 December 1916 for a 70,000 ton ship with a main battery of twenty-four 16-inch guns in four sextuple turrets and a maximum speed of 26.5 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for a hypothetical largest battleship capable of using the Panama Canal, prepared at the direction of the U.S. Congress.
  • S-584-109: "63,500 ton Battleship". Preliminary Design No.171 (3) dated 13 December 1916 for a 63,500 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a maximum speed of 30 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for a hypothetical largest battleship capable of using the Panama Canal, prepared at the direction of the U.S. Congress.
  • S-584-110: "80,000 ton Battleship". Preliminary Design No.171 (4) dated 29 December 1916 for a 80,000 ton ship with a main battery of twenty-four 16-inch guns in four sextuple turrets and a maximum speed of 25.2 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for a hypothetical largest battleship capable of using the Panama Canal, prepared at the direction of the U.S. Congress.
  • S-584-116: "80,000 ton Battleship" - Scheme IV-1. Preliminary Design No.171 dated 30 January 1917 for a 80,000 ton ship with a main battery of thirteen 18-inch guns in five twin and one triple turrets and a maximum speed of 25.2 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for a hypothetical largest battleship capable of using the Panama Canal, prepared at the direction of the U.S. Congress.
  • S-584-117: "80,000 ton Battleship" - Scheme IV-2. Preliminary Design No.171 dated 30 January 1917 for an 80,000 ton ship with a main battery of fifteen 18-inch guns in five triple turrets and a maximum speed of 25.2 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for a hypothetical largest battleship capable of using the Panama Canal, prepared at the direction of the U.S. Congress.

    --Eight proposed designs for high-speed battleships, none selected for construction:

  • S-584-130: Rough Draft of a Preliminary Design for a Fast Battleship. Plan dated 23 April 1918 for a 55,000 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a speed of 30.25 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design intended to explore what capabilities were possible in a vessel combining "a maximum [gun] battery" and "as much speed as practicable". The concept did not proceed beyond the preliminary design stage. This particular drawing is a rough sketch and not a finished product.
  • S-584-133: Preliminary Design for a Fast Battleship - Scheme "D". Plan dated 8 May 1918 for a 54,500 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a speed of 29 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design intended to explore what capabilities were possible in a vessel combining "a maximum [gun] battery" and "as much speed as practicable". The concept did not proceed beyond the preliminary design stage.
  • S-584-134: Preliminary Design for a Fast Battleship - Scheme "C". Plan dated 16 May 1918 for a 54,500 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a speed of 30 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design intended to explore what capabilities were possible in a vessel combining "a maximum [gun] battery" and "as much speed as practicable". The concept did not proceed beyond the preliminary design stage.
  • S-584-136: Preliminary Design for a Fast Battleship - Scheme "C". Plan dated 18 May 1918 for a 53,000 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a speed of 30 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design intended to explore what capabilities were possible in a vessel combining "a maximum [gun] battery" and "as much speed as practicable". The concept did not proceed beyond the preliminary design stage. This plan was prepared in the United States by British Navy designer Stanley Goodall and reflected British design practices, in contrast to the U.S. practice reflected in the plan seen in Photo S-584-134.
  • S-584-137: Preliminary Design for a Fast Battleship - Scheme "D". Plan dated 18 May 1918 for a 49,500 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a speed of 30 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design intended to explore what capabilities were possible in a vessel combining "a maximum [gun] battery" and "as much speed as practicable". The concept did not proceed beyond the preliminary design stage. This plan was prepared in the United States by British Navy designer Stanley Goodall and reflected British design practices, in contrast to the U.S. practice reflected in the plan seen in Photo S-584-133.
  • S-584-138: Preliminary Design Armor Protection Plan for a "Battleship Cruiser". Plan dated 18 May 1918, illustrating the armor layout proposed in the two fast battleship designs (see Photos # S-584-136 and # S-584-137) prepared by British Navy designer Stanley Goodall. The concept did not proceed beyond the preliminary design stage.
  • S-584-146: Preliminary Design for a Fast Battleship. Plan dated 19 February 1919 for a 47,000 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a speed of 25 knots. This plan represented a preliminary design for a ship that resembles the approved design for South Dakota (Battleship # 49, see Photo # S-584-132) but has been lengthened and enlarged for increased speed. The concept did not proceed beyond the preliminary design stage.
  • S-584-147: Preliminary Design for a Fast Battleship. Plan dated 4 March 1919 for a 48,750 ton ship with a main battery of twelve 16-inch guns in four triple turrets and a speed of 25 knots. The concept did not proceed beyond the preliminary design stage. This plan represented a preliminary design for a ship that resembles the approved design for South Dakota (Battleship # 49, see Photo # S-584-132) but has been lengthened and enlarged for increased speed. This plan differs from that of 19 February 1919 (see Photo # S-584-146) by a modified armor protection layout.

    --Six proposed designs for a "Small Battleship", none selected for construction:

  • S-584-149: Preliminary Design Plan for a "Small Battleship" - Scheme F-3. Plan dated 16 April 1919 for a 21,500 ton ship with a main battery of four 16-inch guns in two twin turrets and a maximum speed of 18 knots. This ship type did not advance beyond the preliminary design stage.
  • S-584-150: Preliminary Design Plan for a "Small Battleship" - Scheme A-7. Plan dated 17 April 1919 for a 24,000 ton ship with a main battery of four 16-inch guns in two twin turrets and a maximum speed of 20 knots. This ship type did not advance beyond the preliminary design stage.
  • S-584-151: Preliminary Design Plan for a "Small Battleship" - Scheme E-3. Plan dated 18 April 1919 for a 26,250 ton ship with a main battery of six 16-inch guns in two triple turrets and a maximum speed of 20 knots. This ship type did not advance beyond the preliminary design stage.
  • S-584-152: Preliminary Design Plan for a "Small Battleship" - Scheme B-5. Plan dated 21 April 1919 for a 28,500 ton ship with a main battery of four 16-inch guns in two twin turrets and a maximum speed of 23 knots. This ship type did not advance beyond the preliminary design stage.
  • S-584-153: Preliminary Design Plan for a "Small Battleship" - Scheme C-5. Plan dated 23 April 1919 for a 33,400 ton ship with a main battery of four 16-inch guns in two twin turrets and a maximum speed of 26 knots. This ship type did not advance beyond the preliminary design stage.
  • S-584-154: Preliminary Design Plan for a "Small Battleship" - Scheme D-11. Plan dated 23 April 1919 for a 37,000 ton ship with a main battery of four 16-inch guns in two twin turrets and a maximum speed of 29 knots. This ship type did not advance beyond the preliminary design stage.

    --Two data tables related to Small Battleship design studies:

  • S-584-155: Untitled Tabular Data on Designs for "Small Battleships". Undated plan, probably prepared in about April 1919, providing tabular data concerning eight alternative preliminary designs for "Small Battleships." No ships were built to such a design concept.
  • S-584-156: Untitled Tabular Data on Designs for "Small Battleships". Undated plan, probably prepared in about April 1919, providing tabular data concerning eight alternative preliminary designs for "Small Battleships." No ships were built to such a design concept. This table is very similar to that seen in Photo # S-584-155 but includes data on only one earlier ship, not two, for comparative purposes.



    Text introducing this book's battleship plans is featured on the page "Introduction to the Battleship Preliminary Design Drawings".

    For general information on this album, see:

  • Bureau of Ships' "Spring Styles" Book # 1 (1911-1925) -- General Description.


    NOTES:

  • To the best of our knowledge, the pictures referenced here are all in the Public Domain, and can therefore be freely downloaded and used for any purpose.

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